Subscribe

Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILNS > ILNS Volume 80 > Preliminary Studies of Organochlorine Pesticides...
< Back to Volume

Preliminary Studies of Organochlorine Pesticides (OCPs) in Sediment, Water and Fish Samples from Ethiope River, Abraka Axis, Southern Nigeria

Full Text PDF

Abstract:

Selected persistent organochlorine pollutants, including DDT and its metabolites, hexachlorobenzene, dieldrin, Aldrin, heptachlor, HCH as well as some of their isomers were determined in water, sediment and fish samples from the Ethiope River in Southern Nigeria. Twenty organochlorine pesticides were detected in both seasons from October 2012 – September 2013. Results revealed ∑HCH to be 0.620µg/L (water), 33 ng/g (sediment) and 29.00 ng/g (fish) for the rainy season while concentrations of 0.170 µg/L (water), 14 ng/g (sediment) and 28.00 ng/g (fish) were obtained for the dry season. 0.05–0.15 ng/g for aldrin, 0.12–5.8 ng/g for dieldrin, 0.22–0.64 ng/g for endrin, 0.24–6.37 ng/g for endosulfan and 0.21–8.81 ng/g for ΣDDT (p, p` -DDD, p, p` -DDE, p, p` -DDT). Among the OCPs, ∑HCH, endosulfan and PDDT were the most dominant compounds in the river sediments. γ- HCH was the most frequent detected compound in all the samples from this river. Among the cyclodiene compounds, aldrin was in abundance in most of the sediments, water and fish samples. γ-HCH, γ-HCH and HCB contributed this highest value for the water, sediment and fish sample respectively in the rainy season while aldrin, endrin and HCB were the highest contributors to the ΣOCPs to the mean of water, sediment and fish respectively. Hazard quotient and bioaccumulation analysis carried out on the fish sample revealed that the fishes were heavily contaminated with values >1 for both seasons which possess a possibility for ecological concern.

Info:

Periodical:
International Letters of Natural Sciences (Volume 80)
Pages:
1-12
Citation:
O. Edjere et al., "Preliminary Studies of Organochlorine Pesticides (OCPs) in Sediment, Water and Fish Samples from Ethiope River, Abraka Axis, Southern Nigeria", International Letters of Natural Sciences, Vol. 80, pp. 1-12, 2020
Online since:
December 2020
Export:
Distribution:
References:

[1] J. Feng, M. Zhai, Q. Liu, J. Sun, J. Guo, Residues of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in upper reach of the Huaihe River, East China. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 74 (2011) 2252-2259.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2011.08.001

[2] S.Y. Wei, M.I. Leong, Y. Li, S.D. Huang, Development of liquid phase microextraction based on manual shaking and ultrasound- assisted emulsification method for analysis of organochlorine pesticides in aqueous samples. Journal of Chromatography A. 1218 (2011) 9142-9148.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2011.10.084

[3] X. Zhao, Y. Zhou, W. Kong, B. Gong, D. Chen, J. Wei, M. Yang, Multi-residue analysis of 26 organochlorine pesticides in Alpinia oxyphylla by GC-ECD after solid phase extraction and acid cleanup. Journal of Chromatography B. 1017–1018 (2016) 211-220.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2016.03.009

[4] D.A. Lambropoulou, T.A. Albanis, Liquid phase micro-extraction techniques in pesticides residue analysis. Journal of Biochemical and Biophysical Methods. 70 (2006) 3.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbbm.2006.10.004

[5] H. Kuranchie-Mensah, S.M. Atiemo, L.M.N.D. Palm, S. Blankson-Arthur, A.O. Tutu, P. Fosu, Determination of organochlorine pesticide residue in sediment and water from the Densu river basin, Ghana. Chemosphere. 86, (2012) 286-292.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.10.031

[6] L. Yuan, S. Qi, X. Wu, C. Wu, X. Xing, X. Gong, Spatial and temporal variations of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in water and sediments from Honghu Lake, China. Journal of Geochemical Exploration. 132 (2013) 181-187.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gexplo.2013.07.002

[7] F. Kafilzadeh, Assessment of Organochlorine Pesticide Residues in Water, Sediments and Fish from Lake Tashk, Iran. Achievements in the Life Sciences. 9 (2015) 107-111.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.als.2015.12.003

[8] R.O. Meire, M. Khairy, A.C. Targino, P.M.A. Galvão, J.P.M. Torres, O. Malm, R. Lohmann, Use of passive samplers to detect organochlorine pesticides in air and water at wetland mountain region sites (S-SE Brazil). Chemosphere. 144 (2016) 2175-2182.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.10.133

[9] L. Singh, S. Choudhary, P.K. Singh, Pesticide concentration in water and sediment of River Ganga at selected sites in Ganga plain. International Journal of Environmental Sciences. 3 (2012) 260-274.

[10] R.A. Doong, Y.C. Siun, P.L. Liao, C.K. Peng, S.C. Wu, Distribution and fate of organochlorine pesticides residues in sediments from selected rivers in Taiwan. Chemosphere. 48 (2002) 237-246.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0045-6535(02)00066-8

[11] S.K. Golfinopoulos, A.D. Nikolaous, M.N. Kostopoulou, N.K. Xilourgidis, M.C. Vagi, D.T. Lekkas, Organochlorine pesticides in the surface waters of Northern Greece. Chemosphere. 50 (2003) 507-516.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0045-6535(02)00480-0

[12] H. Bouman, South Africa and the Stockholm on Persistent organic pollutants. African Journal of Science. 100 (2004) 323-328.

[13] C. Blaso, G. Font, Y. Pico, Analysis of pesticides in fruits by pressurized liquid extraction and liquid chromatography-ion trap -triple stage mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography A. 1098 (2005) 37-43.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.08.037

[14] D. Adeyemi, C. Anyakora, G. Ukpo, A. Adedayo, G. Darko, Evaluation of the levels of organochlorine pesticide residues in water samples of Lagos lagoon using solid phase extraction method. Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology. 3 (2011).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajessp.2008.649.653

[15] L.F. Awosika, Impacts of global climate change and sea level rise on coastal resources and energy development in Nigeria. Global Climate Change: Impact on Energy Development. Nigeria, (1995).

[16] H. Maier-Bode, Properties, effect, residues and analytics of the insecticide endosulfan. Residue Review. 22 (1968) 1-44.

[17] O. Ogbeide, I. Tongo, L. Ezemonye, Assessing the distribution and human health risks of organochlorine pesticide residues in sediments from selected rivers. Chemosphere. 144 (2016) 1319-1326.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.09.108

[18] M.A. Fernandez, C. Alonso, M.J. Gonzalez, L.M. Hernandez, Occurrence of organochlorine insecticides, PCB and PCB congeners in waters and sediments of the Ebro River (Spain). Chemosphere. 38 (1999) 33-43.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0045-6535(98)00167-2

[19] C. Turgut, The contamination with organochlorine pesticides and heavy metals in surface water in Kucuk Menderes River in Turkey, 2000-2002. Environment International. 29 (2003) 29-32.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0160-4120(02)00127-7

[20] J. Li, F. Li, Q. Liu, Sources, concentrations and risk factors of organochlorine pesticides in soil, water and sediment in the Yellow River estuary. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 100 (2015) 516-522.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.09.003

[21] H.S. Hong, W.Q. Chen, L. Xu, X.H. Wang, L.P. Zhang, Distribution and fate of organochlorine pollutants in the Pearl River estuary. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 39 (1999) 376-382.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0025-326x(99)00081-8

[22] K. Kannan, S. Tanabe, R. Tatsukawa, Geographical distribution and accumulation features of organochlorine residues in fish in tropical Asia and Oceania. Environmental Science and Technology. 29 (1995) 2673-2683.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/es00010a032

[23] X.H. Qiu, T. Zhu, B. Yao, J.X. Hu, S.W. Hu, Contributions of dicofol to the current DDT pollution in China. Environmental Science and Technology. 39 (2005) 4385-4390.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/es050342a

[24] X. Yang, S. Wang, Y. Bian, F. Chen, G. Yu, C. Gu, X. Jiang, Dicofol application resulted in high DDTs residues in cotton fields from northern Jiangsu province, China. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 150 (2008) 92-98.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.04.076

[25] R.K. Hitch, H.R. Day, Unusual persistence of DDT in some western USA soils. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 48 (1992) 259-264.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00194381

[26] H. Iwata, S. Tanabe, N. Sakal, R. Tatsukawa, Distribution of persistent organochlorines in the oceanic air and surface seawater and the role of ocean on their global transport and fate. Environmental Science and Technology. 27 (1993) 1080 -1098.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/es00043a007

[27] K. Pozo, T. Harner, M. Shoeib, R. Urrutia, R. Barra, O. Parra, S. Focardi, Passive - sampler derived air concentrations of persistent organic pollutants on a north-south transect in Chile. Environmental Science and Technology. 38 (2004) 6529-6537.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/es049065i

[28] X.H. Wang, N.Q. Ren, H. Qi, W.L. Ma, Y.F. Li, Levels, distributions and source identification of organochlorine pesticides in the topsoils in Northeastern China. Journal of Environmental Science. 21 (2009) 1386-1392.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s1001-0742(08)62430-4

[29] Q. Zhang, Z. Chen, Y. Li, P. Wang, C. Zhu, G. Gao, K. Xiao, H. Sun, S. Zheng, Y. Liang, G. Jiang, Occurrence of organochlorine pesticides in the environmental matrices from King George Island, west Antarctica. Environmental Pollution. 206 (2015) 142-149.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2015.06.025

[30] G. Dai, X. Liu, G. Liang, X. Han, L. Shi, D. Cheng, W. Gong, Distribution of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and poly chlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in surface water and sediments from Baiyangdian Lake in North China. Journal of Environmental Science. 23 (2011) 1640-1649.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s1001-0742(10)60633-x

[31] A. Cabrerizo, J. Dachs, D. Barcelo, K.C. Jones, Influence of organic matter content and human activities on the occurrences of organic pollutants in Antartic soils, lichens, grass and mosses. Environmental Science and Technology. 49 (2012) 1396-1405.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/es203425b

[32] A.D. Lemly, Evolution of the hazard quotient method for risk assessment of selenium. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 35 (1996) 156-162.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1006/eesa.1996.0095

[33] H. Feng, H.Y. Jiang, W.S. Gao, M.P. Weinstein, Q.F. Zhang, W.G. Zhang, L.Z. Yu, D.K. Yuan, J.H. Tao, Metal contamination in sediments of the western Bohai Bay and adjacent estuaries, China. Journal of Environmental Management. 92 (2011) 1185-1197.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2010.11.020
Show More Hide
Cited By:
This article has no citations.