Paper Titles in Periodical
International Letters of Natural Sciences
Biostimulation and Overcoming the Abiotic Stresses in Plants
Subscribe

Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILNS > Biostimulation and Overcoming the Abiotic Stresses... > Impact of Natural and Synthetic Plant Stimulants...
< Back to Volume

Impact of Natural and Synthetic Plant Stimulants on Moringa Seedlings Grown under Low-Temperature Conditions

Full Text PDF

Abstract:

Low-temperature results in various physiological and metabolic disturbances in cells of plants which are sensitive to low-temperatures. Moringa is getting popularity as a field crop because of its multipurpose usage. There is no information available about effects of low-temperature (14-18°C) on moringa seedlings and its mitigation. Present study was conducted to test the performance of moringa seedling grown in wire house under low-temperature conditions in response to foliar application of moringa leaf extract (3% solution), hydrogen peroxide (5 ml L-1), ascorbic acid (50 mg L-1) and salicylic acid (50 mg L-1). Seeds of six moringa accessions [Local landrace grown at Agronomic Research Area, Z.A Hashmi Hall, Firdous Colony. Exotic landrace grown at Lalazaar Colony, Department of Agronomy and Agronomic Research Area.] were collected and grown in polythene bags filled with equal ratio of compost, sand, silt and clay. All foliar treatments were applied twice; first round at the seedling age one month and second round at the seedling age two months. Foliar application of moringa leaf extract significantly enhanced number of branches (92%) and leaves (39%), leaf total chlorophyll contents (73%), leaf phenolic contents (53%) and membrane stability index (57%) of moringa seedlings compared to control. Healthy and vigorous growth of moringa seedlings with higher concentration of antioxidants ensured the defensive potential of moringa leaf extract against low-temperature condition.

Info:

Periodical:
International Letters of Natural Sciences (Volume 76)
Pages:
50-59
Citation:
S. Batool et al., "Impact of Natural and Synthetic Plant Stimulants on Moringa Seedlings Grown under Low-Temperature Conditions", International Letters of Natural Sciences, Vol. 76, pp. 50-59, 2019
Online since:
August 2019
Export:
Distribution:
References:

[1] A.T. Oyeyinka, S.A. Oyeyinka, Moringa oleifera as a food fortificant: Recent trends and prospects, Journal of Saudi Society of Agricultural Science. 17 (2018) 127-136.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jssas.2016.02.002

[2] N. Foidl, N.P.S. Makkar, K. Becker, The Potential of Moringa Oleifera for Agricultural and Industrial Uses, What Dev potential Moringa Prod (2001) 1-20.

[3] C.Y.H. Djande, L.A. Piater, P.A. Steenkamp, Differential extraction of phytochemicals from the multipurpose tree, Moringa oleifera, using green extraction solvents, South African Journal of Botany. 115 (2018) 81-89.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2018.01.009

[4] U. Shahzad et al., Genetic diversity and population structure of Moringa oleifera, Conservation Genetics. 14 (2013) 1161-1172.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10592-013-0503-x

[5] S, Khan, S.M.A. Basra, I. Afzal, A. Wahid. Screening of moringa landraces for leaf extract as biostimulant in wheat, International Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 19 (2017) 999-1006.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17957/ijab/15.0372

[6] C. Ramachandran, K.V. Peter, P.K. Gopalakrishnan, Drum-stick (Moringa oleifera): a multipurpose Indian vegetable, Econ Bot 34 (1980) 276-283.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02858648

[7] P.M.P. Ferreira et al., Moringa oleifera: bioactive compounds and nutritional potential, Rev. Nutr. 21 (2008) 431-437.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/s1415-52732008000400007

[8] M.C. Palada, L.C. Chang, Suggested cultural practices for Moringa, International cooperators guide, AVRDC pub # 03 (2003)545.

[9] T. Radovich, Farm and forestry, production and marketing profile for Moringa (Moringa oleifera), (http://www.agroforestry.net/scps/Moringa_specialty_crop.pdf) Jan 28, (2014).

[10] M. Janmohammadi, Metabolomic analysis of low temperature responses in plants, Current Opinions in Agriculture. 1 (2012) 1-6.

[11] M. Ashraf, M.R. Foolad, Roles of glycine betaine and proline in improving plant abiotic stress resistance, Environmental and Experimental Botany. 59 (2007) 206-216.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2005.12.006

[12] M. Farooq et al., Plant drought stress: effects, mechanisms and management, Agron Sustain Dev. 29 (2009) 185-212.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1051/agro:2008021

[13] L.J. Fuglie, New Uses of Moringa Studied in Nicaragua, In ECHO Development Notes. biomasa@ibw.com (2001) P-68.

[14] M.A. Rady, B.C. Varma, S.M. Howladar, Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) seedlings overcome NaCl stress as a result of presoaking in Moringa oleifera leaf extract, Scientia Horticulturae. 162 (2013) 63-70.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2013.07.046

[15] V.S. Nambiar, R. Mehta, M. Daniel, Polyphenol content of three Indian green leafy vegetables, Journal of Food Science and Technology. 42(6) (2005) 312-315.

[16] A. Yasmeen et al., Exploring the potential of Moringa oleifera leaf extract (MLE) as a seed priming agent in improving wheat performance, Turkish Journal of Botany. 37 (2013) 512-520.

[17] J.C. Guillen-Roman et al., Effect of nitrogen privation on the phenolics contents, antioxidant and antibacterial activities in Moringa oleifera leaves, Industrial Crops & Products. 114 (2018) 45-51.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2018.01.048

[18] P. Siddhuraju, K. Becker, Antioxidant properties of various solvent extracts of total phenolic constituents from three different agro climatic origins of drumstick tree (Moringa oleifera Lam.) leaves, J Agric Food Chem. 51 (2003) 2144-2155.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/jf020444+

[19] J. Barciszweski et al., Occurrence, biosynthesis and properties of kinetin (N6-furfuryladenine), Plant Growth Regulation. 32 (2000) 257-265.

[20] O. Borsani, V. Valpuesta, M.A. Botella, Evidence for a role of salicylic acid in the oxidative damage generated by NaCl and osmotic stress in Arabidopsis seedlings, Plant Physiology. 126 (2002) 1024-1030.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.126.3.1024

[21] N. Smirnoff, G.L. Wheeler, Ascorbic acid in plants: biosynthesis and function, Critical Rev Biochem Mol Biology. 35 (2000) 291-314.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10409230008984166

[22] P.L. Conklin, C. Barth, Ascorbic acid, a familiar small molecule interwined in the response of plants to ozone, pathogens and the onset of senescence, Plant Cell Environ. 27 (2004) 959-971.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2004.01203.x

[23] I. Slesak et al., The role of hydrogen peroxide in regulation of plant metabolism and cellular signaling in response to environmental stresses, Acta Biochem Polon 54 (2007) 39-50.

[24] Information on: http://www.moringanews.org/documents/moringawebEN.pdf.

[25] D.I. Arnon, Copper Enzymes in Isolated Chloroplasts, Polyphenoloxidase in Beta Vulgaris, Plant Physiology. 24 (1949) 1-15.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.24.1.1

[26] E.A. Ainsworth, K.M. Gillespie, Estimation of total phenolic content and other oxidation substrates in plant tissues using Folin–Ciocalteu reagent. 2 (2007) 875-877.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/nprot.2007.102

[27] R.K. Sairam, Effect of moisture stress on physiological activities of two contrasting wheat genotypes, Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. 32 (1994) 584-593.

[28] R.G.D. Steel, J.H. Torrie, D.A. Dicky, Principles and Procedures of Statistics, A biometrical approach, 3rd Ed. McGraw Hill, Inc Book Co NY (USA), pp: (1997) 352-358.

[29] R.K. Saini, I. Sivanesan, Y.S. Keum, Phytochemicals of Moringa oleifera: a review of their nutritional, therapeutic and industrial significance, Biotech 6(2) (2016) 203.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13205-016-0526-3

[30] A. Kumar et al., Present review on phytochemistry, neutraceutical, antimicrobial, antidiabetic, biotechnological and pharmacological characteris-tics of Moringa oleifera Linn, BMR Phytomed 2(1) (2016) 1-17.

[31] B. Doerr et al., Cultivar effect on Moringa oleifera glucosinolate content and taste: A pilot study, Ecol. Food Nutrition. 48 (2009) 100-211.

[32] L.S. Taha, H.A.A. Taie, M.M. Hussein, Antioxidant Properties, Secondary metabolites and Growth as affected by application of putrescine and moringa leaves extract on jojoba plants, J App Phar Science. 5(01) (2015) 30-36.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7324/japs.2015.50106

[33] W. Nouman, M.T. Siddiqui, S.M.A Basra, Moringa oleifera leaf extract: An innovative priming tool for rangeland grasses, Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 36 (2011) 65-75.

[34] D.S. Arabshahi, D.D. Vishalakshi, U. Asna, Evaluation of antioxidant activity of some plant extracts and their heat, pH and storage stability. Food Chemistry. 100 (2007) 1100-1105.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.11.014

[35] M.A. Iqbal, Role of Moringa, Brassica and Sorghum Water Extracts in Increasing Crops Growth and Yield: A Review, American-Eurasian J Agric & Environ Science. 14(11) (2014) 1150-1158.

[36] S. Khan et al., Growth promoting potential of fresh and stored Moringa oleifera leaf extracts in improving seedling vigor, growth and productivity of wheat crop, Environ Sci Pollution Research. 24(35) (2017) 27601-27612.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-0336-0

[37] M.M. Abdalla, The potential of Moringa oleifera extract as a biostimulant in enhancing the growth, biochemical and hormonal contents in rocket (Eruca vesicaria subsp. sativa) plants, Int J Plant Physiol Biochemistry. 5(3) 2013) 42-49.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5897/ijppb2012.026

[38] S.M. Howladar, A novel Moringa oleifera leaf extract can mitigate the stress effects of salinity and cadmium in bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) plants, Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 100 (2014) 69-75.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2013.11.022

[39] M. Prabhu, A.R. Kumar, K. Rajamani, Influence of different organic substances on growth and herb yield of sacred basil (Ocimum sanctum L), Ind J Agric Research. 44(1) (2010) 48-52.

[40] R. Balakumbahan, K. Rajamani, Effects of biostimulants on growth and yield of Senna (Cassia angustifolia var KKM1), J Hort Sci Ornam Plants 2(1) (2010) 16-18.

Show More Hide
Cited By:
This article has no citations.