Paper Titles in Periodical
International Letters of Natural Sciences
Biostimulation and Overcoming the Abiotic Stresses in Plants
Subscribe

Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILNS > Biostimulation and Overcoming the Abiotic Stresses... > Mitigation of Drought Stress Effects on Pepper...
< Back to Volume

Mitigation of Drought Stress Effects on Pepper Seedlings by Exogenous Methylamine Application

Full Text PDF

Abstract:

The study was conducted to determine effects of a new synthesis of methylamine on the plant growth, physiological and biochemical characteristics in pepper.  There were four irrigation levels [full irrigation (100%) (I0), 80% (I1), 60% (I2) and 40% (I3)] and two methylamine (MA) treatments (0, 2.5 mM). At the end of the study, it was observed that there were significant differences between applications and levels. Effects of MA treatments on plant growth (plant height, stem diameter, fresh, dry weight etc.), plant physiological and biochemical parameters [tissue electrical conductivity (TEC), tissue relative water content (TRWC), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), malondialdehyde (MDA), proline, antioxidant enzyme activity], and plant nutrient element content of pepper seedlings under different irrigation levels were significantly important.  The results of the study showed that the drought stress conditions negatively affected the plant growth, increased the content of TEC, H2O2 and MDA, and decreased the TRWC and  plant mineral content in pepper. However, MA application improved plant growth and decreased TEC, H2O2 and MDA content compared to control in pepper under drought conditions. MA treated plants at I3 had higher shoot fresh weight and shoot dry weight than non-treated plants by 12 and 20%, respectively.  In conclusion, MA application could mitigate the deleterious effects of the drought stress on the pepper seedlings.

Info:

Periodical:
International Letters of Natural Sciences (Volume 76)
Pages:
111-123
Citation:
E. Yildirim et al., "Mitigation of Drought Stress Effects on Pepper Seedlings by Exogenous Methylamine Application", International Letters of Natural Sciences, Vol. 76, pp. 111-123, 2019
Online since:
August 2019
Export:
Distribution:
References:

[1] U. Sahin et al., Ameliorative effects of plant growth promoting bacteria on water-yield relationships, growth, and nutrient uptake of lettuce plants under different irrigation levels, Hortsci. 50(9) (2015) 1379–1386.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/hortsci.50.9.1379

[2] S. Ors, et al., Changes in gas exchange capacity and selected physiological properties of squash seedlings (Cucurbita pepo L.) under well-watered and drought stress conditions, Arch. Agron. Soil Sci. 62(12) (2016) 1700-1710.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/03650340.2016.1168517

[3] U. Sahin et al., Effects of individual and combined effects of salinity and drought on physiological, nutritional and biochemical properties of cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata). Scie. Hortic. 240(20) (2018) 196–204.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2018.06.016

[4] M. Ekinci et al., Responses to the irrigation water amount of spinach supplemented with organic amendment in greenhouse conditions. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 46(3) (2015) 327-342.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00103624.2014.980827

[5] P.H. Yancey, Organic osmolytes as compatible, metabolic and counteracting cytoprotectants in high osmolarity and other stresses. The Journal of Experimental Biology 208 (2005) 2819-2830.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.01730

[6] M.Y. Bhat, L.R. Singh, T.A. Dar, Trimethylamine N-oxide abolishes the chaperone activity of α-casein: an intrinsically disordered protein. Scientific Reports. 7 (2017) 6572.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-06836-2

[7] H. Zhao, H. Yang, Exogenous polyamines alleviate the lipid peroxidation induced by cadmium chloride stress in Malus hupehensis Rehd. Scientia Hortic. 116 (2008) 442-447.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2008.02.017

[8] M.D. Groppa, M.P. Benavides, M.L. Tomaro, Polyamine metabolism in sunflower and wheat leaf discs under cadmium or copper stress. Plant Sci. 161 (2003) 481-488.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0168-9452(02)00412-0

[9] J. Rider et al., Spermine and spermidine mediate protection against oxidative damage caused by hydrogen peroxide. Amino acids. 33(2) (2007) 231-240.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00726-007-0513-4

[10] K. Yamaguchi et al., A protective role for the polyamine spermine against drought stress in Arabidopsis. Biochem. Biophy. Res. Commun. 352 (2007) 486-490.

[11] J.J. Duan et al., Exogenous spermidine affects polyamine metabolism in salinity-stressed Cucumis sativus roots and enhances short-term salinity tolerance. J. Plant Physiol. 165 (2008) 1620-1635.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jplph.2007.11.006

[12] J.C. Cuevas et al., Putrescine is involved in Arabidopsis freezing tolerance and cold acclimation by regulating ABA levels in response to low temperature. Plant Physiol. 148 (2008) 1094-1105.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.108.122945

[13] M.D. Groppa, M.P. Benavides, Polyamines and abiotic stress: recent advances, Amino Acids, 34 (2008) 35-45.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00726-007-0501-8

[14] J. Doorenbos, A.H. Kassam, Yield response to water, irrigation and drainage, FAO, Rome, Italy, 1986, Paper 33.

[15] N. Katterji, M. Mastrorili, A. Hamdy, Effect of stress at different growth stage on pepper yield. Acta Hortic. 335 (1993) 165-171.

[16] R.E. Jaimez et al., Effects of water deficit on the dynamics of flowering and fruit production in capsicum. Chinese Jacque in a tropical semiarid region of Venezuela. J. Agron. Crop Sci. 185 (2000) 113-119.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1439-037x.2000.00414.x

[17] C. Kaya, B.E. Ak, D. Higss, Response of salt-stressed strawberry plants to supplementary calcium nitrate and/or potassium nitrate. J. Plant Nutr. 26 (2003) 543-560.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1081/pln-120017664

[18] S. Agarwal, V. Pandey, Antioxidant enzyme response to NaCl stress in Cassia angustifolia. Biol. Planta. 48(4) (2004) 555-560.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/b:biop.0000047152.07878.e7

[19] R. Angelini, F. Manes, R. Federico, Spatial a functional correlation between daimine- oxsidase and peroxidase activities and their dependence upon defilation and wounding in chick-pea. Planta. 182 (1990) 89-96.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00239989

[20] Y. Gong, et al., Antioxidant system level in Braeburn, apple is related to its browning disorder. Botan. Bull. Acad. Sinica, 42 (2001) 259-264.

[21] R.Y. Yordanova, K.N. Christov, L.P. Popova, Antioxidative enzymes in barley plants subjected to soil flooding. Environ. Exper. Bot. 51 (2004) 93-101.

[22] J.M. Bremner, Nitrogen—total, in: D.L. Sparks (Ed.), Methods of Soil Analysis. Part III. Chemical Methods, 2nd ed. Soil Science Society of America, Madison, WI, USA, 1996, p.1085–1122.

[23] D. Mertens, Plants preparation of laboratory sample, in: W. Horwitz, G.W. Latimer (Eds.), Official Methods of Analysis, 18th ed. Gaithersburg, MD, USA: AOAC, (2005) p.1–2.

[24] D. Mertens, Metal in plants and pet foods, in: W. Horwitz, G.W. Latimer (Eds.), Official Methods of Analysis. 18th ed. Gaithersburg, MD, USA: AOAC, (2005) p.3–4.

[25] D. I. Leskovar, D.J. Cantliffe, Pepper Seedling Growth Response to Drought Stress and Exogenous Abscisic Acid. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 117(3) (1992) 389-393.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/jashs.117.3.389

[26] F.A. Showemimo, J.D. Olarewaju, Drought Tolerance Indices in Sweet Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). International Journal of Plant Breeding and Genetics. 1 (2007) 29-33.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3923/ijpbg.2007.29.33

[27] S. Mardani et al., Physiological responses of pepper plant (Capsicum annum L.) to drought stress. J. Plant Nutr. 40(10) (2017) 1453-1464.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01904167.2016.1269342

[28] O.A. Kireççi, The effects of some synthetic hormons (gibberellic acid, spermine spermidine, putrescine) on basil (Ocimum basilicum) plants on its morphological characters and the quality of volatile oil. Master Thesis. University of Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam, Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences, Department of Biology (2006).

[29] R. Alcazar et al., Polyamine metabolic canalization in response to drought stress in Arabidopsis and the resurrection plant Craterostigma plantagineum. Plant Sign. and Behv. 6 (2011) 243-250.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4161/psb.6.2.14317

[30] A.I. Alet et al., New insights into the role of spermine in Arabidopsis thaliana under long term salt stress. Plant Sci. 182 (2012) 94-100.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2011.03.013

[31] G. Costa, N. Bagni, Effects of polyamines on fruit-set of apple. Hort. Sc. 18(1) (1983) 59-61.

[32] N. Bagni, The function and metabolism of polyamines in plant. Acta Hort. 179 (1986) 95-103.

[33] M. Gallardo et al., The alleviation of thermoinhibition in chick-pea seeds by putrescine involves the ethylene pathway. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology. 23 (1996) 479-487.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1071/pp9960479

[34] A.W. Galston, R. Kaur-Sawhney, Polyamines in plant physiology. Plant Physiol. 94 (1990) 406-410.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.94.2.406

[35] A. Kumar et al., Recent advances in polyamine research. Trends Plant Sci. 2 (1997) 124-130.

[36] R. Walden, A.Cordeiro, A.F. Tiburcio, Polyamines: small molecules triggering pathways in plant growth and development. Plant physiology.113(4) (1997) 1009.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.113.4.1009

[37] R.L. Malmberg et al., Molecular genetic analyses of plant polyamines. Critical Rev. Plant Sci. 17 (1998) 199-224.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0735-2689(98)00358-x

[38] A. Bouchereau et al., Polyamines and environmental cahllenges: recent development. Plant Sci. 140 ( 1999) 103-125.

[39] N. Bagni, A. Tassoni, Bioseyntesis, oxidation and aliphatic polyamines in higher plants. Amino Acids. 20 (2001) 301-317.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s007260170046

[40] R. Alcazar et al., Involvement of polyamines in plant response to abiotic stress. Biotec. Lett. 28 (2006) 1867-1876.

[41] T. Kusano et al., Polyamines: essential factors for growth and survival. Planta. 228 (2008) 367-381.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00425-008-0772-7

[42] R.K. Basra et al., Are polyamines involved in the heatshock protection of mung bean seedlings? Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 38 (1997) 165-169.

[43] H. Nayyar, S. Chander, Protective effects of polyamines against oxidative stress induced by water and cold stress in chickpea. J. Agron. Crop Sci. 190 (2004) 355-365.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-037x.2004.00106.x

[44] J.C. Yang et al., Remobilization of carbon reserves is improved by controlled soil-drying during grain filling of wheat. Crop Sci. 40 (2000) 1645-1655.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2000.4061645x

[45] Q. Zhou, B. Yu, Changes in content of free, conjugated and bound polyamines and osmotic adjustment in adaption of vetiver grass to water deficit. Plant Physiol. Biochem. 48 (2010) 417-425.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2010.03.003

[46] R. Dolferus, To grow or not to grow: a stressful decision for plants. Plant Sci. 2229 (2014) 247-261.

[47] Z. Li et al., Polamine regulates tolerance to water stress in leaves of white clover associated with antioxidant defence and dehydrin genes via involvement in calcium messenger system and hydrogen peroxide signaling. Front. Physiol. 6(280) (2015).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2016.00052

[48] W. Tang, R.J. Newton, Polyamines reduce salt-induced oxidative damage by increasing the activities of antioxidant enzymes and decreasing lipid peroxidation in Virginia pine. Plant Growth Regul. 46 (2005) 31-43.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10725-005-6395-0

[49] J.C. Yiu et al., Exogenous putrescine reduces flooding- induced oxidative damage by increasing the antioxidant properties of Welsh onion. Scientia Horticulturae. 120 (2009) 306-314.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2008.11.020

[50] W. Zhang et al., Polyamines enhance chilling tolerance of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) thought modulating antioxidative system. Sci. Hotic. 122 (2009) 200-208.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2009.05.013

[51] H. Shi, T. Ye, Z. Chan, Comperative protemic and physiological analyses reveal the protective effect of exogenous polyamines in te Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon) response to salt and drought stresses. J. Prote. Res. 12 (2013) 4807-4829.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/pr400479k

[52] R. Minocha, R. Majumdar, S.C. Minocha, Polyamines and abiotic stress in plants: a complex relationship. Front. Plant Sci. 5(175) (2014).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2014.00175

[53] P. Valentovič et al., Effect of osmotic stress on compatible solutes content, membrane stability and water relations in two maize cultivars. Plant Soil Environ. 52(4) (2006) 184.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17221/3364-pse

[54] S. Hayat et al., Role of proline under changing environments: a review. Plant Sig. Behv. 7(11) (2012) 1456-1466.

[55] J. Krasensky, C. Jonak, Drought, salt and temperature stress-induced metabolic rearrangements and regulatory networks. J. Exp. Bot. 63(4) (2012) 1593-1608.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/err460

[56] I.U. Khan et al., Comparative diagnosis of typhoid fever by polymerase chain reaction and widal test in Southern Districts (Bannu, Lakki Marwat and KI Khan) of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Acta Sci. Malaysia. 1(2) (2017) 12-15.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26480/asm.02.2017.12.15

[57] J.C. Yiu et al., Waterlogging tolerance of welsh onion (Allium fistulosum L.) enhanced by exogenous spermidine and spermine. Plant Physiol. Biochem. 47 (2009) 710-716.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2009.03.007

[58] M.K. Nikolaeva et al., Effect of drought on chlorophyll content and antioxidant enzyme activities in leaves of three wheat cultivars varying in productivity. Russian J. Plant Physiol. 57(1) (2010) 87-95.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1134/s1021443710010127

[59] E. Sanchez-Rodriguez et al., Genotypic differences in some physiological parameters symptomatic for oxidative stress under moderate drought in tomato plants. Plant Science. 178 (2010) 30–40.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2009.10.001

[60] T. Kabay, C. Erdinç. S. Sensoy, Effects of drought stress on plant growth parameters, membrane damage index and nutrient content In common bean genotypes. J. Animal and Plant Sci. 27 (3) (2017) 940-952.

[61] Z. Li et al., Exogenous spermidine improves seed germination of white clover under water stress via involvement in starch metabolism, antioxidant defenses and relevant gene expression. Molecules. 19 (2014a) 18003–18024.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules191118003

[62] Z. Li et al., Exogenous spermidine improves water stress tolerance of white clover (Trifolium repens L.) involved in antioxidant defense, gene expression and proline metabolism. Plant Omics. 7 (2014) 517–526.

[63] C.J. Liu et al, Effects of different types of polyamine on growth, physiological and biochemical nature of lettuce under drought stress. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 185 (2018) 012010.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/185/1/012010

[64] S. Verma, S.N. Mishra, Putrescine alleviation of growth in salt stressed Brassica juncea by inducing antioxidative defense system. J. Plant Physiol. 162 (2005) 669-677.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jplph.2004.08.008

[65] M. Farooq et al., Plant drought stress: effects, mecanisms and management. Agron. Sus. Develop. 29 (2009) 185-212.

[66] M.H. Farahi, A.A. Jahroomi, Effect of pre-harvest foliar application of polyamines and calcium sulfate on vegetative characteristics and mineral nutrient uptake in Rosa hybrida. J. Ornamental Plants. 8(4) (2018) 241-253.

[67] A.A. Youssef, M.H. Mahgoub, I.M. Talaat, Physiological and biochemical aspects of Matthiola incana L. plants under the effect of putrescine and kinetin treatments. J. Appl. Sci. 19 (9B) (2004) 492-510.

[68] H. Marshall et al., The use of trimethylamine N-oxide as a primary precipitating agent and related methylamine osmolytes as cryoprotective agents for macromolecular crystallography. Acta Cryst. (2012). D68, 69–81.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/s0907444911050360

[69] B.E. Algul, F.E. Tekintas, G.G. Dalkilic, The Usage of Plant Growth Regulators and Hormone Biosynthesis Booster Applications. Journal of Adnan Menderes University Agricultural Faculty (2016) 13(2): 87 – 95.

[70] E. Sánchezrodríguez, L. Romero, J.M. Ruiz, Accumulation of free polyamines enhances the antioxidant response in fruits of grafted tomato plants under water stress. J. Plant Physiol. 190 (2016) 72–78.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jplph.2015.10.010

[71] H. Mohammadi, M. Ghorbanpour, M. Brestic, Exogenous putrescine changes redox regulations and essential oil constituents in field-grown Thymus vulgaris L. under well-watered and drought stress conditions. Ind. Crops Prod. 122 (2018) 119–132.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2018.05.064

[72] D. Chen et al., Polyamine Function in Plants: Metabolism, Regulation on Development, and Roles in Abiotic Stress Responses. Front. Plant Sci. 9 (2019) (1945).

Show More Hide
Cited By:
This article has no citations.