Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILNS > ILNS Volume 73 > Antioxidant Activity, Quality Parameters and Grain...
< Back to Volume

Antioxidant Activity, Quality Parameters and Grain Characteristics of Rice Varieties of Afghanistan

Full Text PDF


The present study was conducted to evaluate the antioxidant activity, grain traits and quality contents in Afghanistan’s selected rice varieties. The antioxidant capacity was measured using DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) and Reducing Power methods. Grain length, grain width and grain thickness were in the range of 5.4-7.6, 1.7-3.2, and 1.5-2.2 mm respectively. Selah Zoodras, Taram Irani and Attai-1 had the longest grain length whereas Luke was associated with high width and thickness among the varieties. Protein, amylose and lipid content varied from 6.5-9.9, 20.3-23.5, and 10-18% respectively. Barah Kunduz showed the highest protein and lipid content while Selah zoodras was associated highest amylose content. The selected rice varieties possessed moderate antioxidant activity and their physiochemical properties were not correlated with antioxidant capacity. Results of this study provided useful information on the selection and production of rice varieties with high nutritional and pharmaceutical values in Afghanistan.


International Letters of Natural Sciences (Volume 73)
R. Rayee et al., "Antioxidant Activity, Quality Parameters and Grain Characteristics of Rice Varieties of Afghanistan", International Letters of Natural Sciences, Vol. 73, pp. 26-35, 2019
Online since:
January 2019

[1] C. Wei et al., Protein profiles of major Korean rice cultivars, Preventive Nutritional Food Science. 12(2) (2007) 103-110.

[2] T. D. Xuan, et al,. Allelopathic momilactones A and B are implied in rice drought and salinity tolerance, not weed resistance, Agronomy for Sustainable Development. 36(3) (2016) 1–5.


[3] Z. Noori, Physicochemical properties and morphological observations of selected local rice varieties in northern Afghanistan, International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Food Sciences. 2 (2018) 99–103.


[4] V. Thomas, A. M., Ramzi, SRI contributions to rice production dealing with water management constraints in northeastern Afghanistan, Paddy and Water Environment. 9(1) (2011) 101–109.


[5] International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA).. ANNUAL REPORT 2014 International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, (2015).


[6] FAO, Food and agricultural organization of the United Nations Rice Market Monitor, (2017). Available:

[7] E. S. Gong et al., Phytochemical profiles and antioxidant activity of brown rice varieties, Food chemistry. 227 (2017) 432-443.

[8] K.K. Adom, R.H. Liu, Antioxidant activity of grains, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 50(21) (2002) 6182-6187.

[9] M.Walter et al., Antioxidant properties of rice grains with light brown, red and black pericarp colors and the effect of processing, Food Research International. 50(2) (2013) 698–703.


[10] S. Yodmanee, T.T. Karrila, P.Pakdeechanuan, Physical, chemical and antioxidant properties of pigmented rice grown in Southern Thailand, International Food Research Journal. 18(3) (2011) 901–906.

[11] J.Ø. Moskaug et al., Polyphenols and glutathione synthesis regulation, Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 81(2) (2005) 277–283.

[12] F. D. Goffman, C. J. Bergman, Rice kernel phenolic content and its relationship with antiradical efficiency, Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 84(10) (2004) 1235–1240.


[13] Y. Shao et al., Identification and quantification of phenolic acids and anthocyanins as antioxidants in bran, embryo and endosperm of white, red and black rice kernels (Oryza sativa L.), Journal of Cereal Science. 59(2) (2014) 211–218.


[14] A.A. Elzaawely, T.D. Xuan, S. Tawata, Essential oils, kava pyrones and phenolic compounds from leaves and rhizomes of Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.) B.L. Burtt. & R.M. Sm. and their antioxidant activity, Food Chemistry. 103(2) (2007) 486–494.


[15] R. Singh, N. Kumari, Comparative determination of phytochemicals and antioxidant activity from leaf and fruit of Sapindus mukorrossi Gaertn. - A valuable medicinal tree, Industrial Crops and Products. 73 (2015) 1–8.


[16] N.S. Rani et al., Historical significance, grain quality features and precision breeding for improvement of export quality basmati varieties in India, Indian Journal of Crop Science. 1(1-2) (2006) 29–41.

[17] Q. Jing et al., Adaptation and performance of rice genotypes in tropical and subtropical environments, NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences. 57(2) (2010) 149–157.


[18] T. Tsukaguchi, S. Nitta, Y. Matsuno. Cultivar differences in the grain protein accumulation ability in rice (Oryza sativa L.), Field Crops Research. 192 (2016) 110–117.


[19] J.D. Abacar et al., Variation in yield and physiochemcial quality traits among mutant of Japonica rice cultivar Wuyujing 3, Rice Science. 23(1) (2016) 22–41.


[20] K.R. Bhattacharya, Rice Quality: A guide to rice properties and analysis, New Delhi, 2011, p.461–474.

[21] A.K. Dutta et al., Antioxidant properties of ten high yielding rice varieties of Bangladesh, Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine. 2(1) (2012) 99–103.

[22] Q.A. Panhwar et al., Quality and antioxidant activity of rice grown on alluvial soil amended with Zn, Cu and Mo, South African Journal of Botany. 98 (2015) 77–83.


[23] Y. Shao et al., Analysis of genotype, environment, and their interaction effects on the phytochemicals and antioxidant capacities of red rice (Oryza sativa L.), Cereal Chemistry. 92(2) (2015) 204–210.

Show More Hide
Cited By:

[1] K. Kakar, T. Xuan, S. Abdiani, I. Wafa, Z. Noori, S. Attai, T. Khanh, H. Tran, "Morphological Observation and Correlation of Growth and Yield Characteristics with Grain Quality and Antioxidant Activities in Exotic Rice Varieties of Afghanistan", Agriculture, Vol. 9, p. 167, 2019


[2] K. Kakar, T. Xuan, N. Quan, I. Wafa, H. Tran, T. Khanh, T. Dat, "Efficacy of N-Methyl-N-Nitrosourea Mutation on Physicochemical Properties, Phytochemicals, and Momilactones A and B in Rice", Sustainability, Vol. 11, p. 6862, 2019