This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
 G. B. Busca, C. Resini, L. Arrighi, Technologies for the removal of phenol from fluid streams: a short review of recent developments, J. Hazard. Mater, 160 (2008) 265-288.
 I. Ali, M. Asim, T. A. Khan, Low cost adsorbents for the removal of organic pollutants from wastewater, J. Environ. Manage. 113 (2012) 170-183.
 I. Ali, H. Y. Aboul-Enein, Chiral, Pollutants: Distribution, Toxicity, and Analysis by Chromatography and Capillary Electrophoresis,. John Wiley & Sons, (2004).
 B. Damià, Emerging Organic Pollutants in Waste Waters and Sludge, 5th Ed, Springer, Berlin, (2005).
 H. F. Herbert, C. On-chim, Toxicity of phenol towards aerobic biogranules, Water Res., 31 (1997) 2229-2242.
 F. A. Banat, B. Al-Bashir, S. Al-Asheh, O. Hayajneh, Adsorption of phenol by bentonite, Environ. Pollut. 107 (2000) 391-398.
 B. Ozkaya, Adsorption and desorption of phenol on activated carbon and a comparison of isotherm models, J. Hazard. Mater. B129 (2006) 158-163.
 G. G. Stavropoulos, P. Samaras, G. P. Sakellaropoulos, Effect of activated carbons modification on porosity, surface structure and phenol adsorption, J. Hazard. Mater, 151 (2008) 414-421.
 I. I. Salame, T. J. Bandosz, Role of surface chemistry in adsorption of phenol on activated carbons, J Colloid Interf. Sci., 264 (2003) 307-312.
 S. P. Kamble, P. A. Mangrulkar, A. K. Bansiwal, S. S. Rayalu, Adsorption of phenol and o-chlorophenol on surface altered fly ash based molecular sieves, Chem. Eng. J., 138 (2008) 73-83.
 S. Asheh, F. Banat, A. Aitah, Adsorption of phenol using different types of activated bentonites, Sep. Purif. Technol. 33 (2003) 1-10.
 H. S. Gopalkrishnamoorthy, T. Shanmugam, Study of the removal of phenol from effluent of low temperature carbonization of lignite plant by resins, Indian J. Environ. Protection, 7 (1987) 352-354.
 K. H. Choy, J. F. Porter, G. McKay, Langmuir, isotherms models applied to the multicomponent sorption of acid dyes from effluent onto activated carbon, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 45 (2000) 575-584.
 C. Namasivayam, N. Muniasamy, K. Gayatri, M. Rani, K. Ranganathan, Removal of dyes from aqueous solutions by cellulosic waste orange peel, Bioresource Technol. 57 (1996) 37-43.
 E. Forgacs, T. Cserháti, G. Oros, Removal of synthetic dyes from wastewaters: A review, Environ Int. 30 (2004) 953-971.
 J. Sarma, A. Sarma, K. G. Bhattacharyya, Biosorption of commercial dyes on Azadiracta indica leaf powder: A case study with a basic dye Rhodamine B. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res, 47 (2008) 5433-5440.
 R. P. Han, Y. F. Wnag, P. Han, J. Yang, Y. S. Lu, Removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution by chaff in batch mode, J. Hazard. Mater. 137 (2006) 550-557.
 Z. Aksu, Application of biosorption for the removal of organic pollutants: a review, Process Biochem. 40 (2005) 997-1026.
 C. Gregorio, Recent developments in polysaccharide-based materials used as adsorbents in wastewater treatment, Prog. Polym. Sci. 30 (2005), 38-70.
 B. Adane, K. Siraj and N. Meka, Kinetic, equilibrium and thermodynamic study of 2-chlorophenol adsorption onto Ricinus communis pericarp activated carbon from aqueous solutions, Green Chemistry Letters and Reviews, 8 (2015) 1-12.
 Marıia P. Elizalde-Gonza´lez, J. Mattusch, Alejandra A. Pela´ez-Cid, R. Wennrich, Characterization of adsorbent materials prepared from avocado kernel seeds: Natural, activated and carbonized forms, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 78 (2007) 185–193.
 L. Khenniche, F. Aissani, Preparation and Characterization of Carbons from Coffee Residue: Adsorption of Salicylic Acid on the Prepared Carbons, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 55 (2010) 728-734.
 A. L. Ahmad, M. M. Joh, J. A. Aziz, Preparation and characterization of activated carbon from oil palm wood and its evaluation on Methylene blue adsorption Dyes, Dyes and Pigment, 75 (2007) 263-272.
 M. S. Pakuła, M. Walczyk, S. Biniak, Voltammetric and FT-IR studies of modified activated carbon systems with phenol, 4-chlorophenol or 1, 4-benzoquinone adsorbed from aqueous electrolyte solutions, Colloid Surface, 260 (2005) 145-155.
 M. Sathishkumar, A. R. Binupriya, K. Vijayaraghavan, S. Yun, Two and three-parameter isothermal modeling for liquid-phase sorption of Procion Blue H-B by inactive mycelialbiomass of Panus fulvus, J. Chem. Technol. Biot. 82 (2007) 389 –398.
 B. F. Noeline, D. M. Manohar, T. S. Anirudhan, Kinetic and equilibrium modelling of lead (II) sorption from water and wastewater by polymerized banana stem in a batch reactor, Sep. Purif. Technol. 45 (2005) 131-140.
 I.I. Salame, T. J. Bandosz, Role of surface chemistry in adsorption of phenol on activated carbons, J. Colloid Interf. Sci. 264 (2003) 307-312.
 P. Podkoscielny, K. Nieszporek, Heterogeneity of activated carbons in adsorption of phenols from aqueous solutions-Comparison of experimental isotherm data and simulation predictions, Applied Surface Science, 253 (2007) 3563-3570.
 M. Dai, Mechanism of adsorption for Dyes on activated carbon, J. Colloid Interf. Sci. 198 (1998) 6-10.
 K.P. Singh, S. Sinha, P. Ojha, Liquid-phase adsorption of phenols using activated carbons derived from agricultural waste material, J. Hazard. Mater. 150 (2008) 626-641.
 A. Behnamfard, M.M. Salarirad, Equilibrium and kinetic studies on free cyanide adsorption from aqueous solution by activated carbon, J. Hazard. Mater, 170 (2009) 127-133.
 G. Ghanizadeh, G. Asgari, Adsorption kinetics of methylene blue and its removal from aqueous by bone charcoal, Reac. Kinet. Mech. Cat. 102 (2011) 127-142.
 K.R. Hall, L.C. Eagleton, A. Acrivos, T. Vermeulen, Pore and solid diffusion kinetics in fixed-bed adsorption under constant pattern conditions, Ind. Eng. Chem. Fund., 5 (1966) 212-223.
 R.E. Treybal, Mass transfer operations,. 3rd Edition, McGraw-Hill: New York, (1980).
 M.I. Temkin, Adsorption equilibrium and the kinetics of processes on nonhomogeneous surfaces and in the interaction between adsorbed molecules, Zhurnal Fiziche- skoi Khimii, 15 (1941) 296-332.
 G. Blanchard, M. Maunaye, G. Martin, Removal of heavy metals from waters by means of natural zeolites, Water Res., 18 (1984) 1501-1507.
 Y.S. Ho, J.C.Y. Ng, G. McKay, Kinetics of pollution sorption by biosorbents review, Sep. Purif. Method, 29 (2000) 189-232.
 B.H. Hameed, L.H. Chin, S. Rengaraj, Adsorption of 4-chlorophenol onto activated carbon prepared from rattan sawdust, Desalination, 225 (2008) 185-198.
 J. Wu, H.K. Yu, Biosorption of 2, 4 dichlorophenol from aqueous solution Phanerochaete chrysosporium biomass: Isotherms, kinetics and thermodynamics, J. Hazard. Mater. B137 (2006) 498-508.
 Q. Fu, Y. Deng, H. Li, J. Liu, H. Hu, S. Chen, T. Sa, Equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies on the adsorption of the toxins of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki by clay minerals, Applied Surface Science, 255 (2009) 4551-4557.
 R.S. Juang, J.Y. Shiau, Adsorption isotherms of phenols from water onto macroreticular resins, J. Hazard. Mater. B70 (1999) 171-183.
 K.Y. Foo, B.H. Hameed, Insights into the modeling of adsorption isotherm systems, Chem. Eng. J. 156 (2010) 2-10.