Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILNS > ILNS Volume 53 > Indigenous Knowledge on Animal Health Care...
< Back to Volume

Indigenous Knowledge on Animal Health Care Practices in Kendrapara District of Odisha, India

Full Text PDF


The objective of this work was to register and document the traditional knowledge of plant resources used in ethnoveterinary practices in Kendrapara district of Odisha, India. Investigation was carried out in the interior of the district, to explore the therapeutic uses of plants by local inhabitants. Information was collected using structured questionnaires, complemented by unstructured interviews and informal conversations with traditional healers, elderly people and farmers. Samples of plants that were reported to have medicinal value were collected and identified by botanical classification. Fifty five plant species, distributed among 34 families, were indicated for 27 different medicinal uses. The family Solanaceae had the largest number of reported species followed by Mimosaceae, Fabaceae and Apocynaceae. Prominent diseases treated by plant remedies were wounds, diarrhea, constipation, snake bite, skin ailments and rheumatism. Leaves were more commonly utilized for the preparation of ethnoveterinary medicine than other plant parts. The knowledge of traditional healers, and other experienced elderly people should be tapped to gather information on these practices so that it gets documented for the benefit of future generations. The present study contributed to the construction of an inventory of ethnoveterinary plants, which might provides a better database for future scientific validation studies.


International Letters of Natural Sciences (Volume 53)
T. Panda and N. Mishra, "Indigenous Knowledge on Animal Health Care Practices in Kendrapara District of Odisha, India", International Letters of Natural Sciences, Vol. 53, pp. 10-27, 2016
Online since:
April 2016

[1] Jawla, S., A.K. Gupta, R, Singla, V. Gupta, 2009. General awareness and relative popularity of allopathic, Ayurvedic and homeopathic systems. J. Chem. Pharmaceut. Res. 1 (1): 105–112.

[2] Palombo, E.A., S.J. Semple, 2001. Antibacterial activity if traditional Australian medicinal plants. J. Ethnopharmacol. 77: 151–157.

[3] Viegi, L, A. Pieroni, P.M. Guarrera, R. Vangelisti, 2003. A review of plants used in folk veterinary medicine in Italy as basis for a databank. J. Ethnopharmacol. 89: 221–244.

[4] Lans, C., N. Turner, T. Khan, G. Brauer, W. Boepple, 2007. Ethnoveterinary medicines used for ruminants in British Columbia, Canada. J. Ethnobiol. Ethnomed. 3: 11.

[5] Benítez, G., M.R. González-Tejero, J. Molero-Mesa, 2012. Knowledge of ethnoveterinary medicine in the Province of Granada, Andalusia, Spain. J. Ethnopharmacol. 139: 429-439.

[6] Martinez, G.J., M.C. Lujan, 2011. Medicinal plants used for traditional veterinary in the Sierras de Cordoba (Argentina): an ethnobotanical comparison with human medicinal uses. J. Ethnobiol. Ethnomed. 7: 23.

[7] Schunko, C., C.R. Vogl, 2010. Organic farmers use of wild food plants and fungi in a hilly area in Styria (Austria). J. Ethnobiol. Ethnomed. 6: 1–17.

[8] Ariful, M. I., M. Yeasmin, M. Rahmatullah, 2013. Ethnoveterinary practices among folk medicinal practitioners of three randomly selected villages of Dinajpur district, Bangladesh. Am-Eura. J. Sustain. Agri. 7(2): 75-84.

[9] Monteiro, M.V.B., C.M.L. Bevilaqua, M.D.C. Palha, R.R. Braga, K. Schwanke, S.T. Rodrigues, O.L. Lameira, 2011. Ethnoveterinary knowledge of the inhabitants of Marajó Island, Eastern Amazonia, Brazil. Acta. Amazon. 41(2): 233 – 242.

[10] Lans, C., M. Turner, 2011. Organic parasite control for poultry and rabbits in British Columbia, Canada. J. Ethnobiol. Ethnomed. 7: 21.

[11] Shen, S., J. Qian, J. Ren, 2010. Ethnoveterinary plant remedies used by Nu people in NW Yunnan of China. J. Ethnobiol. Ethnomed. 6: 24-33.

[12] Ermias, L., A. Zemede, K. Ensermu, V.D. Patrick, 2014. Ethnoveterinary plants of Ankober District, North Shewa Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia. J. Ethnobiol. Ethnomed. 10: 21: 38.

[13] Pieroni, A., P. Howard, G. Volpato, R.F. Santoro, 2004. Natural remedies and nutraceuticals used in ethnoveterinary practices in inland southern Italy. Vet. Res. Commni. 28: 55–80.

[14] Wanzala, W., W. Takken, W.R. Mukabana, A.O. Pala, A. Hassanali, 2012. Ethnoknowledge of Bukusu community on livestock tick prevention and control in Bungoma district, western Kenya. J. Ethnopharmacol. 140: 298-324.

[15] Abbasi, A.M., S.M. Khan, M. Ahmad, M.A. Khan, C.L. Quave, A. Pieroni, 2013. Botanical ethnoveterinary therapies in three districts of the lesser Himalayas of Pakistan. J. Ethnobiol. Ethnomed. 9: 84-104.

[16] González, J.A., M. García-Barriuso, F. Amich, 2011. Ethnoveterinary medicine in the Arribes del Duero, western Spain. Vet. Res. Commni. 35: 283–310.

[17] Disler, M., I. Silvia, H. Matthias, R.V. Christian, A. Tesic, F. Klarer, B. Meier, W. Michael, 2014. Ethnoveterinary herbal remedies used by farmers in four north-eastern Swiss cantons (St. Gallen, Thurgau, Appenzell Innerrhoden and Appenzell Ausserrhoden). J. Ethnobiol. Ethnomed. 10: 32-53.

[18] Gradé, J.T., R.S. Tabuti John, P. Van Damme, 2009. Ethnoveterinary knowledge in pastoral Karamoja, Uganda. J. Ethnopharmacol. 122: 273–293.

[19] Nabukenya, I., C.R. Akiiki, D. Olila, K. Ikwap, J. Höglund, 2014. Ethnopharmacological practices by livestock farmers in Uganda: Survey experiences from Mpigi and Gulu districts. J. Ethnobiol. Ethnomed. 10: 9.

[20] Yadav, D., 2009. Ethnoveterinary plants from tribes in habited localities of Ratlam district Madhya Pradesh India. Ind. J. Trad. Know. 33: 64-67.

[21] Pandit, P.K., 2010. Inventory of ethno veterinary medicinal plants of Ghargram division, West Bengal, India. Ind. For. 136: 1183–1194.

[22] Singh, P.K., S. Singh, V. Kumar, B. Krishna, 2011. Ethno veterinary healthcare practices in Marihan sub-division of district Mirzapur, Uttar Pradesh, India. Life Sci. Leaflets. 16: 561–569.

[23] Kumar, R., A.K. Bharti, 2012. Folk veterinary medicine in the Jaluan district of Uttar Pradesh, India. Ind. J. Trad. Know. 11(2): 288-295.

[24] Galav, P., A. Jain, S.S. Katewa, 2013. Ethnoveterinary medicines used by tribals of Tadgarh-Raoli wildlife sanctuary, Rajasthan. Ind. J. Trad. Know. 12(1): 56-61.

[25] Rajkumari, R., R.K. Nirmala, P.K. Singh, A.K. Das, B.K. Dutta, A. Pinokiyo, 2014. Ethnoveterinary plants used by the Chiru tribes of Manipur, Northeast India. Ind. J. Trad. Know. 13(2): 368-376.

[26] Mishra, D., L. Patro, 2010. Ethno veterinary practices among the rural people of Ganjam district (Orissa) India: a case study on some common veterinary ailments. The Bioscan. 3: 739-746.

[27] Panda, S.S., N.K. Dhal, 2014. Plants used in ethno-veterinary medicine by native people of Nawarangpur district, Odisha, India. World J. Pharma. Pharmaceut. Sci. 3 (7): 787-798.

[28] Jain, S.K., 1987. Glimpses of Indian ethnobotany. New Delhi: Oxford and IBH Publishing Co., pp.231-241.

[29] Martin, G.J., 1995. Ethnobotany. A methods manual. London: Chapman and Hall, pp.102-104.

[30] Huntington, H.P., 2000. Using Traditional ecological knowledge in science: Methods and applications. Ecol. Appli. 10(5): 1270-1274.

[31] Cunningham, A.B., 2001. Applied ethnobotany, people wild plant use and conservation. London: Sterling, VA, Earth Scan Publication Ltd., pp.1-300.

[32] Haines, H.H., 1925. The Botany of Bihar and Orissa. London: Adlard and Sons Ltd. and West Newman Ltd.

[33] Saxena, H.O., M. Brahmam, 1996. The Flora of Orissa. Vol 1-4. Bhubaneswar: Regional Research Laboratory and Orissa Forest Corporation Ltd.

[34] Pal, D.C., 1980. Observation on the folklore about plants used in veterinary medicine in Bengal, Orissa and Biahr. Bull. Bot. Surv. India. 22: 1-4.

[35] Mistry, N., C.S. Silori, L. Gupta, A.M. Dixit, 2003. Indigenous knowledge on animal health care practice in district Kachchh, Gujarat. Ind. J. Trad. Know. 2(3): 240-254.

[36] Harsha, V.H., V. Shripathi, G.R. Hegde, 2005. Ethnoveterinary practices in Uttara Kannada districts of Karnataka. Ind. J. Trad. Know. 4: 253-258.

[37] Mini, V., M. Sivadasan, 2007. Plants used in Ethno veterinary medicine by Kurichya tribes of Wayanad district in Kerala India. Ethnobotany. 19: 94-99.

[38] Satya, V., C.M. Solanki, 2009. Indigenous knowledge of veterinary medicines among tribes of West Nimar, Madhya Pradesh. Ind. J. Trad. Know. 33: 896-902.

[39] Phondani, P.C., R.K. Maikhuri, C.P. Kala, 2010. Ethenovertenary uses of medicinal plants among traditional herbal healers in Alaknanda catchment of Uttarakhand, India. Afr. J. Trad. Compl. Alt. Med. 7(3): 195-206.

[40] Balaji, N., V.P. Chakravarthi, 2010. Ethnoveterinary practices in India – A Review. Vet. World. 3(12): 549-551.

[41] Selvaraju, A., M. Ayyanar, S.S. Rathinakumar, T. Sekar, 2011. Plants used in ethno-veterinary medicine by malayali tribal in Salem district of Tamil Nadu, India. Med. Pl. 3(3): 1-6.

[42] Mallik, B.K., T. Panda, R.N. Padhy, 2012. Ethnoveterinary practices of aborigine tribes in Odisha, India. Asian Pac. J. Trop. Biomed. 1520-1525.

[43] Yadav, M., A. Yadav, E. Gupta, 2012. Ethnoveterinary practices in Rajasthan, India-A Review. Int. Res. J. Biol. Sci. 1(6): 80-82.

[44] Nath, M., M.D. Choudhury, 2009. Ethnoveternary practices by Hmar tribes in Cachar district, Assam. Ethnobotany. 21, 61-65.

[45] Manoj, Y., E. Gupta, 2014. Ethnoveterinary practices by livestock owners in animal fair at Pushkar, Rajasthan, India. Int. Res. J. Environ. Sci. 3(4): 1-4.

[46] Saikia, B., S.K. Borthakur, 2010. Use of plants in animal health care- A case study from Gohpur, Assam. Ind. J. Trad. Know. 9(1): 49-51.

[47] Kumar, A.B., B.L. Sharma, 2012. Plants used as ethnoveterinary medicines in Sikkim Himalayas. Ethnobotany Res. Appli. 10: 339-356.

[48] Pragada, M.P., G.M.N. Rao, 2012. Ethnoveterinary medicinal practices in tribal regions of Andhra Pradesh, India. Bangl. J. Pl. Taxon. 19(1): 7-16.

[49] Mulay, J.R., V. Dinesh, P.P. Sharma , 2012. Study of some ethno-veterinary medicinal plants of Ahmednagar district of Maharastra, India. World. J. Sci. Tech. 2(6): 15-18.

[50] Giday, M., Z. Asfaw, Z. Woldu , 2009. Medicinal plants of the Meinit ethnic group of Ethiopia: An ethnobotanical study. J. Ethnopharmacol. 124: 513-521.

[51] Verma, R.K., 2014. An ethnobotanical study of plants used for the treatment of livestock diseases in Tikamgarh District of Bundelkhand, Central India. Asian Pac. J. Trop. Biomed. 4(Suppl 1): 460-467.

[52] Lakshminarayana, V., G.M. Narasimha Rao, 2013. Ethnoveterinary practices in north coastal districts of Andhra Pradesh, India. J. Nat. Remed. 13 (2): 109-117.

[53] Rai, S.K., R.B. Bhuje, 2013. Survey of ethnoveterinary plants of Darjeeling Himalaya, India. Pleione. 7(2): 508 - 513.

[54] Kathiriya, S.V., D.V. Rani, H.U. Vyas, 2012. Ethnoveterinary practices associated with animal healthcare In Dang district of south Gujarat, India. Int. J. Appl. Biol. Pharmaceut. Tech. 3(1): 92-95.

[55] Sehgal, A.B., S.K. Sood, 2013. Ethnoveterinary practices for herbal cure of livestock used by rural populace of Hamirpur, (H.P. ), India. IOSR J. Agri. Vet. Sci. 3(1): 7-14.

[56] Yadav, S.S., R.K. Bhukal, M.S. Bhandoria, S.A. Ganie, S.K. Gulia, T.B.S. Raghav, 2014. Ethnoveterinary medicinal plants of Tosham block of district Bhiwani (Haryana) India. J. Appl. Pharmaceut. Sci. 4 (6): 40-48.

[57] Dhanam, S., B. Elayaraj, 2014. Ethnoveterinary practices in Villupuram district, Tamil Nadu, India. Int. Let. Nat. Sci. 24: 1-7.

[58] Sujon, M.A., M. Mostofa, M.S. Jahan, A.R. Das, S. Rob, 2008. Studies on medicinal plants against gastroinstestinal nematodes of goats. Bangl. J. Vet. Med. 6 (2): 179–183.

[59] Sindhu, Z.U.D., Z. Iqbal, M.N. Khan, N.N. Jonsson, M. Siddique, 2010. Documentation of ethno-veterinary practices used for treatment of different ailments in selected a hilly area of Pakistan. Int. J. Agri. Biol. 12: 353–358.

Show More Hide
Cited By:

[1] A. Bakare, S. Shah, V. Bautista-Jimenez, J. Bhat, S. Dayal, J. Madzimure, "Potential of ethno-veterinary medicine in animal health care practices in the South Pacific Island countries: a review", Tropical Animal Health and Production, 2020