Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILNS > Volume 47 > Trend Analysis of Climate Change in Chittagong...
< Back to Volume

Trend Analysis of Climate Change in Chittagong Station in Bangladesh

Full Text PDF


The amount of rainfall received over an area is an important factor in assessing availability of water to meet various demands for agriculture, industry, irrigation, generation of hydroelectricity and other human activities. Over the study period of recent 30 years, trend values of monsoon average rainfall in Chittagong have increased. This paper has measured the correlation coefficients between rainfall and time for Chittagong, where correlation coefficient for Chittagong is positive. In order to check the strength of linear relationship between rainfall and time, P-value has been measured. Due to various factors of Chittagong region of Bangladesh, there is a growing need to study the rainfall, temperature and humidity pattern. This study was checked annual average rainfall of 30 years, temperature of 60 years and humidity of 28 years for this region. It is hoped that this research may be of help to the concerned organizations and experts working on increasing climate variation in Chittagong.


International Letters of Natural Sciences (Volume 47)
M. Roy et al., "Trend Analysis of Climate Change in Chittagong Station in Bangladesh", International Letters of Natural Sciences, Vol. 47, pp. 42-53, 2015
Online since:
Sep 2015

[1] Islam, M.N.; and Uyeda, H. (2007). Use of TRMM in determining the climatic characteristics of rainfall over Bangladesh. Remote Sensing of Environment, 108(3), 264-276.

DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2006.11.011

[2] Islam, S. (2003). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.

[3] Gregory, G. (1956). ―Regional Variations in the Trends of Annual Rainfall Over the British Isles‖. Geographical Journal. Vol. 122, Part-III. Pp. 346-353.

DOI: 10.2307/1791016

[4] Panabokke, C.R. and Walgame, A. (1974). ―The Application of Rainfall Confidence Limits to Crop Water Requirements in Dry Zone Agriculture in Srilanka". Journal of National Science. Council, Srilanka, Vol. 2, pp.95-113.

[5] Parthasarathy, B. and Dhar, O.N. (1974). ―Secular Variations of Regional Rainfall over India‖. Quarterly Journal of Royal Meteorological Society. No. 100, pp.265-257.

DOI: 10.1002/qj.49710042411

[6] Parthasarathy, B., Sontake, N.A., Monot, A.A., and Kothawale, D.R. (1987) Drought-flood in the summer monsoon season over different meteorological subdivisions of India for the period 1871-1984, Journal of Climatology, 7, pp.57-70.

DOI: 10.1002/joc.3370070106

[7] Benoit, P. (1977). ―The Start of the Growing Season in Northern Nigeria‖. Agricultural Meteorology. Vol. 18, pp.91-99.

DOI: 10.1016/0002-1571(77)90042-5

[8] Chowdhury, M.H. K. and Debsharma, S.K. (1992), Climate change in Bangladesh – A statistical review, Report on IOC-UNEP Workshop on Impacts of Sea Level Rise due to Global Warming, NOAMI, held during 16-19 November 1992, Bangladesh.

[9] Stern, R.D., Dennett, M.D. and Garbutt, D.J. (1981). ―The Start of the Rains in West Africa‖. Journal of Climatology. Vol. 1, pp.59-68.

[10] Stern, R. D. and Coe, R. (1982). ―The Use of Rainfalls Models in Agricultural Planning‖. Agricultural Meteorology. Vol. 26. Pp. 35-50.

DOI: 10.1016/0002-1571(82)90056-5

[11] Roy, M.K., Rahaman, S. and Paul, J.C. (1987). ―Regional Variations in the Trends and Periodicities of Annual Rainfall over Bangladesh‖ (Unpublished).

[12] Nguyon, V.T.V. and Pandey, G.R. (1994). ―Estimation of short-duration rainfall distribution using data measured at longer time scales‖. Water Science. Tech., Vol. 29, No. 1, pp.39-45.

[13] Rahman MR, Salehin M, Matsumoto J. (1997). ―Trends of monsoon rainfall pattern in Bangladesh‖. Bangladesh Journal of Water Resources 14–18: 121–138.

[14] Ahmed R. (1989). ―Probabilistic estimates of rainfall extremes in Bangladesh during the pre-monsoon season. ‖ Indian Geographical Journal 64: 39–53.

[15] Karmakar S, Khatun A. (1995). ―Variability and probabilistic estimates of rainfall extremes in Bangladesh during the southwest monsoon season. ‖ Mausam 46(1): 47–56.

[16] Karmakar, S. and Shrestha, M.L. (2000) Recent climate change in Bangladesh, SMRC No. 4, SMRC, Dhaka.

[17] Suhaila Jamaludin and Abdul Aziz Jemain (Jun 2007). Fitting the statistical distributions to the daily rainfall amount in Peninsular Malaysia,. Journal Teknologi, 46(C) pp.33-48.

DOI: 10.11113/jt.v46.287

[18] Shamsuddin S (2009). ―Rainfall variability and the trends of wet and dry periods in Bangladesh: International Journal of Climatology. " (www. interscience. wiley. com).

[19] Mia, N.M. (2003) Variations of temperature of Bangladesh, In Proceedings of SAARC Seminars on Climate Variability In the South Asian Region and its Impacts, SMRC, Dhaka.

[20] M. Previdi and B. G. Liepert (2008), EOS, Vol. 89, No. 21, 20 May 2008, Pages 193–200.

[21] Hashizume M (2007), Association between climate variability and hospital visits for non-cholera diarrhoea in Bangladesh: effects and vulnerable groups, International Journal of Epidemiology 2007, ; 36: 1030–103.

DOI: 10.1093/ije/dym148
Show More Hide