Subscribe

Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILNS > Volume 47 > Biomonitoring Tool: Morphological Anomalies in...
< Back to Volume

Biomonitoring Tool: Morphological Anomalies in Zygnema sp. of Ganga River Bank

Full Text PDF

Abstract:

The present study aims to detect morphological abnormalities in Zygnema sp. because this test species have high adaptive capacity in unfavourable environmental stress. This alga is inhabited at the suburban bank of river Ganga, West Bengal, India. The study was done at experimental sites, downstream at Khardah near sewage water mixing area was compared with upstream control site Kalyani as no sewage water discharge. External and internal abnormal morphology such as undulating or wavy and extra outgrowth on cell wall, sometimes bending inwardly and outwardly as external deformities while internal anomalies such as pigment loss, nucleus was in circular, rectangular, oval and amoeboid shapes, also vacuolated and trilobed, broom like chloroplasts and central part of the thallas dried in between two segments. It was observed that this test species was surviving and well adapted with above mentioned deformities. The present preliminary study with Zygnema sp. can be utilized for in situ and ex situ indicator species for riverine biomonitoring. Further research may be relevant to know both tolerant and sensitive algae species inhabited at the river Ganga bank alongwith biochemical and genetic parameters. The present work is suggesting that other inhabiting algae and this adaptive test species can be used for bioremediation of pollutants.

Info:

Periodical:
International Letters of Natural Sciences (Volume 47)
Pages:
24-31
Citation:
K. Das et al., "Biomonitoring Tool: Morphological Anomalies in Zygnema sp. of Ganga River Bank", International Letters of Natural Sciences, Vol. 47, pp. 24-31, 2015
Online since:
September 2015
Export:
Distribution:
References:

[1] Aggarwal D.K., Gaur S.D., Tiwari I.C., Narayanaswami M.S., Marwali S.M. Indian Journal of Environmental Health 18 (1976) 201-206.

[2] Ahluwalia A.S., Kaur M., Dua S. Indian Journal of Environmental Health 31 (1989) 112-119.

[3] Cattaneo A., Couillard Y., Wunsam S., Courcelles M. Journal of Paleolimnology 32 (2004) 163-175.

[4] Chalotra P., Gaind M., Anand V.K. International Journal of Science and Knowledge 2 (1) (2013) 14-25.

[5] Diwedi S. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 4 (2010) 11-26.

[6] Falasco E., Bona F., Badino G., Hoffmann L., Ector L. Hydrobiologia 623 (2009a) 1-35.

[7] Falasco E., Bona F., Ginepro M., Hlúbiková Hoffmann L., Ector L. Water SA 35 (2009b) 595-605.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4314/wsa.v35i5.49185

[8] Gómez N., Licursi M. Nova Hedwigia 77 (2003) 389-398.

[9] Halder N. Cibtech Journal of Bio-Protocols 4 (1) (2015) 22-26.

[10] Indian Institute of Technology Report. Floral and Faunal Diversity in Lower Ganga, Farakka to Gangasagar, GRB EMP: Ganga River Basin Environment Management Plan. Report Code: 027_GBP_IIT_ENB_DAT_04_Ver_June (2012).

[11] Jindal R. Sharma C. International Journal of Environmental Sciences 2 (2) (2011) 863-872.

[12] Kumar M. Bhushan B. Assessment of water quality of river Ganga at Shukratal in relation to the potability norms. Bionano Frontier, Eco Revolution Colombo – Sri Lanka (2012) pp.25-29. ISSN 0974-0678.

[13] Mitra A.K. Indian Journal of Environmental Health 24 (1982) 165-179.

[14] Morin S., Cordonier A., Lavoie I., Arini A., Blanco S., Duong T.T., Tornés E., Bonet B., Corcoll N., Faggiano L., Laviale M., Pérès F., Becares E., Coste M., Feurtet-Mazel A., Fortin C., Guasch H., Sabater S. Consistency in diatom response to metal-contaminated environments. In: Guasch, H., Ginebreda, A., Geiszinger, A. (eds. ), Emerging and Priority Pollutants in Rivers. Springer-Verlag, Berlin (2012).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-25722-3_5

[15] Pandey L.K., Kumar D., Yadav A., Rai J., Gaur J.P. Ecological Indicators 36 (2014) 272-279.

[16] Pichrtov M., Hajek T., Elster, J. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 89 (2014) 270-280.

[17] Prygiel J., Coste M., Bukowska J. Review of the major diatom-based techniques for the quality assessment of the rivers – state of the art in Europe. In: Prygiel, J., Whitton, B.A., Bukowska, J. (Eds. ), Use of Algae for Biomonitoring Rivers III. Agence de 1_Eau Artois- Picardie, France (1999).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-3622-0_36

[18] Rai L.C. Indian Journal of Fisheries 5 (1) (1978) 1-6.

[19] Rai L.C., Guar J.P. Algal Adaptation to Environmental Stresses. Springer-Verlag; Berlin Heidelberg, New York (2001).

[20] Rimet F. Hydrobiologia 683 (2012) 1-24.

[21] Sabeena S., Fatma T. Phykos 38 (1&2) (1999) 87-92.

[22] Roy P.K., Ray D., Pal S., Banerjee G., Majumder A., Mazumdar A. World Applied Sciences Journal 29 (5) (2014) 634-640.

[23] Sahu B.K., Rao R.J. Behra S.K. Ecology Environment & Conservation 1(1-4) (1994) 35-38.

[24] Singh N. International Journal of Energy and Environment 1(5) (2010) 823-32.

[25] Singh A.K., Rai L.C. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences 3 (1990) 397-405.

[26] Singh A.P., Chaudhary B.R. Journal of Algal Biomass Utilization 2 (1) (2011) 21-29.

[27] Tapia P.M. International Journal of Environmental Health 2 (2008) 82-91.

[28] Venkateswarlu V., Manikya Reddy P. Algae as biomonitors in river ecology. Proc. Symp. Biological monitoring of the state of Environment. Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi (1985) pp.183-189.

[29] Vyas L.N., Kumar H.D. Hydrobiologia 31 (1968) 421-434.

Show More Hide