Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILNS > ILNS Volume 45 > Proximate Composition of Bio Potential Seaweeds...
< Back to Volume

Proximate Composition of Bio Potential Seaweeds from Mandapam South East Coast of India

Full Text PDF


Proximate composition of the three green seaweeds viz., Chaetomorpha aerea, Enteromorpha intestinalis, Enteromorpha compressa one brown seaweed Dictyota dichotoma and one red seaweed Gracilaria corticata was investigated by determination of protein, carbohydrates, lipid, moisture and ash content. In the present study, the total protein was recarded upper most in E. intestinalis and bare minimum in E. compressa. The maximum carbohydrates recorded in C. aerea and minimum in G. corticata. The lipid content was acquired upper limit in E. compressa and least in C. aerea. The ash and moisture content in following of 5 different seaweeds are as follows: 7.45mg/g, 3.91mg/g were recorded in the C. aerea, 8.52mg/g, 3.42mg/g in the E. intestinalis, 8.58mg/g, 3.75mg/g in the E. compressa, 9.47mg/g, 4.23mg/g in the D. dichotoma and 6.95mg/g, 3.98mg/g in G. corticata. The proximate composition of 5 different seaweed species exhibited high nutritional value for human consumption.


International Letters of Natural Sciences (Volume 45)
S. Gokulakrishnan et al., "Proximate Composition of Bio Potential Seaweeds from Mandapam South East Coast of India", International Letters of Natural Sciences, Vol. 45, pp. 49-55, 2015
Online since:
August 2015

Mishra V K, Temelli F, Ooraikul B, Shacklock P F, Craigie J S. Lipids of the red alga, Palmaria palmata, Bot. Mar., 36 (2), 169-174, (1993).

Kachler S, Kennish R. Summer and winter comparisons in the nutritional value of marine macroalgae from Hong Kong. Botanica Marina, 39: 11-17, (1996).

Robledo D, Pelegrin Y F. Chemical and Bull mineral composition of edible seaweed species Yucatan. Botanica Marina, 45: 58-65, (1997).

Norziah M H, Ching Ch Y, Nutritional composition of edible seaweeds Gracilaria changgi. Food Chemistry, 68: 69-76, (2002).

Wong K H, Cheung P C K. Nutritional evaluation of some subtropical red and green seaweeds. Part I-proximate composition, amino acid profiles and some physic - chemical properties. Food Chemistry, 71: 475-482, (2000).

Cardozo K H M, Guaratini T, Barros M P. Metabolites from algae with economical impact. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology: Part C Vol. 146: 60-78, (2007).

Chandini S K, Ganesan P, Suresh P V. Seaweeds as source of nutritionally beneficial compounds- review. Journal of Food Science and Technology: Vol. 45 (1) 1-13, (2008).

Barrow C J. Marine by-products as functional food ingredients. Food technology international, 1-5, (2007).

Khan S I, Satam S B. Seaweed mariculture: Scope and potential in India. Aquaculture Asia: Vol. 8, 26-29, (2003).

Manivannan K, Thirumaran G, Karthikai Devi G, Anantharaman P, Balasubramanian T. Proximate composition of different groups of seaweeds from Vedalai coastal waters (Gulf of Mannar): southeast coast of India, Middle-East, J. Sci. Res., 4 (2), 72-77, (2009).

Dawczynski C, Schubert R, Jahreis G, Amino acids, fatty acids, and dietary fibre in edible seaweed products, Food Chem, 103 (3), 891-899, (2007).

Costa L S, Fidelis G P, Cordeiro S L, Oliveira R M, Sabry D A. Biological activities of sulfated polysaccharides from tropical seaweeds. Biomed Pharmacother 64: 21-28, (2010).

Wijesekara I, Pangestuti R, Kim S K. Biological activities and potential health benefits of sulfated polysaccharides derived from marine algae. Carbohyd. Polym., 84: 14-21, (2011).

Kaliaperumal N, Ramalingam J R, Kalimuthu S, Ezhilvalavan R. Seasonal changes in growth, biochemical constituents and phycocolloid of some marine algae of Mandapam coast. Seaweed Research and Utilisation, 24(1): 73-77, (2002).

Reeta Jayasankar, Ramalingam J R, Kaliaperumal N. Biochemical composition of some green algae from Mandapam coast. Seaweed Research Utilisation, 12 (1and2): 37-40, (1990).

Lowry O H, Rosebrough N J, Farr A L, Randall R J. Protein measurement with the folin phenol reagent. J. Biol Chem, 193: 265-273, (1951).

Dubois M, Gilles K A, Hamilton J K, Rebers P A, Smith F. Colorimetric method for determination of sugar and related substances. Annal Chem, 28: 350, (1956).

Folch J, Lees M, Sloane Stanley G H. A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues. J. Biol Chem, 226: 497-509, (1957).

Fleurence J. Seaweed proteins: biochemical nutritional aspects and potential uses. Trends in Food Sci and Technol 10: 25-28, (1999).

Fujiwara-Arasaki F T, Mino N, Kuroda M. The protein value in human nutrition of edible marine algae in Japan. Hydrobiologia 116/117: 513-516, (1984).

Valente L M P, Gouveia A, Rema P, Matos J, Gomes E F, Pinto I S. Evaluation of three seaweeds Gracilaria bursa-pastoris, Ulva rigida and Gracilaria cornea as dietary ingredients in European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) juveniles. Aquaculture, 252: 85-91, (2006).

Ortiz J. Romero N, Robert P, Araya J, Lopez-Hernández J, Bozzo C E, Navarrete C E, Osorio A, Rios A. Dietary fiber, amino acid, fatty acid and tocopherol contents of the edible seaweeds Ulva lactuca and Durvillaea antarctica. Food Chemistry, 99: 98-104, (2006).

Yaich H, Garna H, Besbes S, Paquot M, Blecker C, Attia H. Chemical composition and functional properties of Ulva lactuca macroalgae collected in Tunisia. Food Chemistry, 128: 895-901, (2011).

Nirmal kumar J I, Megha barot, Rita N. Kumar. Phytochemical analysis and antifungal activity of selected seaweeds from okha coast, gujarat, india. (2014).

Murugaiyan K, Narasimman S, Anatharaman P. Proximate composition of marine macro algae from Seeniappa Dharka, Gulf of Mannar region, Tamil Nadu. International Journal of Research in Marine Sciences, 1(1): 1-3, (2012).

Siddique M A M, Khan M S K, Bhuiyan M K A. Nutritional composition and amino acid profile of a sub-tropical red seaweed Gelidium pusillum collected from St. Martin's Island, Bangladesh. International Food Research Journal, 20(5): 2287-2292, (2013).

Kokilam Ganapathi, Vasuki Subramanian, Suja Mathan. Bioactive potentials of brown seaweeds, sargassum myriocystum j. Agardh s. Plagiophyllum c. agardh and s. ilicifolium (turner) j. Agardh. Int. Res j pharm. App sci, 3(5): 105-111, (2013).

Ricketts T R. On the chemical composition of some unicellular algae. Phytochem, 5: 67-76, (1966).

Miller J P A. Fats Steroids. In: Physiology and Biochemistry of Algae. Lewin RA (Ed. ), Academic Press, New York. 92p, (1962).

McDermid K J, Stuercke B. Nutritional composition of edible Hawaiian seaweeds. Journal of Applied Phycology, 15, 513-524, (2003).

Rameshkumar S, Ramakritinan C M, Eswaran K, Yokeshbabu M. Proximate composition of some selected seaweeds from Palk bay and Gulf of Mannar, Tamilnadu, India. Asian Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 3(16): 1-5, (2012).

Mohammadi M, Tajik H, Hajeb P. Nutritional composition of seaweeds from the Northern Persian Gulf. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 12(1) 232- 240, (2012).

Pattama Ratana-arporn, Anong Chirapart. Nutritional Evaluation of Tropical Green Seaweeds Caulerpa lentillifera and Ulva reticulate. Kasetsart J. (Nat. Sci. ), 40: 75 - 83, (2006).

Sanchez-Machado D I, Lopez-Cervantes J, Lopez-Hernandez J, Paseiro-Losada P. Fatty acids, total lipid, protein and ash contents of processed edible seaweeds. Food Chemistry, 85: 439444, (2004).

Polat S, Ozogul Y. Biochemical composition of some red and brown macroalgae from the northeastern Mediterranean Sea. Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr, 59: 566-572, (2008).

Fisal Ahmad, Mohd Rosni Sulaiman, Welzan Saimon, Chye Fook Yee, Patricia Matanjun. Proximate compositions and total phenolic contents of selected edible seaweed from semporna, sabah, malaysia. Borneo science, 31, (2012).

Kumar M, Gupta V, Kumari P, Reddy C R K, Jha B. Assessment of Nutrient Composition and Antioxidant Potential of Caulerpaceae Seaweeds. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 24 (2): 270-278, (2011).

Mendis E, Kim S K. Present and Future Prospects of Seaweeds in Developing Functional Foods. In Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, Volume 64: Marine Medicinal Foods; Implications and Applications, Macro and Microalgae. Elsevier Inc, USA. 1-13, (2011).

Show More Hide
Cited By:

[1] C. Fiset, J. Liefer, A. Irwin, Z. Finkel, "Methodological biases in estimates of macroalgal macromolecular composition", Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, Vol. 15, p. 618, 2017


[2] C. Fiset, A. Irwin, Z. Finkel, "The macromolecular composition of noncalcified marine macroalgae", Journal of Phycology, Vol. 55, p. 1361, 2019


[3] S. BÖLEK, "Effects of different drying methods on the chemical properties and antioxidant activity of edible algae Cystoseira barbata", Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi, 2020