Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILNS > ILNS Volume 44 > The Use of Soil Parameters in Predicting Weed...
< Back to Volume

The Use of Soil Parameters in Predicting Weed Infestation in Maize (Zea mays L.)

Full Text PDF


A field work was carried out to investigate the extent to which selected soil chemical properties can influence weed species distribution. There were sixteen treatments of two factors (Fertilizer type and weeding regimes) laid out in RCBD. The treatments included four fertilizer types; no fertilizer (F1), inorganic fertilizer – NPK 15:15:15 applied at 100 kg NPK/ha (F2), organic fertilizer – phosphocompost applied at 2.5 t/ha and organomineral – 50% NPK 15:15:15 plus 50% phosphocompost. Four weeding regimes: weedy treatment (W1), weeding once (W2), weeding twice (W3) and weed free (W4). Weed free and weed once significantly improved maize growth and yield parameter under inorganic and organomineral fertilizer types. Increasing soil pH, organic carbon and available phosphorus significantly reduced total weed biomass with plot that received no fertilizer been responsible for highest weed population. In organic fertilizer treatment significantly reduced soil pH from the initial 6.5 to 6.0 though, it combination with weed once or weed twice gave highest grain yield. Better nutrition (in terms of improved soil nutrient especially macro nutrient and organic carbon) when combined with weeding once can ascertain proper weed management and sustainable maize production.


International Letters of Natural Sciences (Volume 44)
G. O. Adesina et al., "The Use of Soil Parameters in Predicting Weed Infestation in Maize (Zea mays L.)", International Letters of Natural Sciences, Vol. 44, pp. 15-24, 2015
Online since:
July 2015

[1] A. Javaid, R. Bajwa, N. Rabbani and T. Anjum, Comparative tolerance of six rice (Oryzasativa L. ) Genotypes to allelopathy of purple nuts edge (Cyperus rotundus L. ), Allelopathy Journal, (2007) 20(1): 157-166.

[2] I. O. Akobundu, Weed Science in the tropics; Principles and Practices. A Wiley- Inter science Publications. (1987) 71 (105): 364 - 367.

[3] M. M. Islam and M. Rahman, In: Hand book on agricultural technologies of jute, kenaf and mesta crops. Bangladesh Jute Res. Inst., Manikmia Avenue, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh, (2008) p.82.

[4] D. Chikoye and F. Ekeleme, Weed Flora and Soil Seedbanks in Fields Dominated by Imperata cylindrical in the Moist Savannah of West Africa, Weed Research. (2001).


[5] J. A. Adigun, S. T. O. Lagoke and S. K. Karikari, Chemical Weed Control in Irrigated Sweet Pepper (Capsicum annuum L. ), Tropical Pest Management. (1991).


[6] D. Pimentel, L. Lach, R. Zuniga and D. Morrison, Environmental and economic costs of nonindigenous species in the United States, Journal Bioscience, (2000) 50: 53–65.


[7] I. Heap, The International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds, www. weedscience. com (May, 2014).

[8] R. L. Zimdahl, Weed–crop competition: A review. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK. (2004).

[9] R. G. Smith, D. A. Mortensen, and Ryan, M. R. A new hypothesis for the functional role of diversity in mediating resource pools and weed-crop competition in agroecosystems, Weed Resources, (2010) 50: 37–48.


[10] F. W. Pollnac, B. D. Maxwell and F. D. Menalled, Weed community characteristics and crop performance: a neighborhood approach, Weed Resources, (2009) 49: 3.


[11] J. E. Iken and N. A. Amusa, Maize Research and Production in Nigeria, African Journal Biotechnology, (2004) 3(6): 302–307.


[12] IITA, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, Oyo State. Annual Report on Maize Production. (2001).

[13] International Institute of tropical Agriculture (IITA), Annual Report, (1978): p.72 and 84.

[14] Federal Fertilizer Department (FFD), Fertilizer use and management practices for crops in Nigeria. Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Abuja. 4th Edition. Chude, V.O., Olayiwola, S.O., Daudu, C. and Ekeoma, A. Eds. (2012).

[15] Y. B. Oyeyiola, J. A. I. Omueti, N. Njoku and E. Oyekanmi, Assessment of Liming Potentials of Phosphocompost and Synthetic Fertilizers in an Acidic Alfisol for Cowpea Production. Journal of Plant and Pest Science (2014)1(2): 128 – 137.

[16] O. I. Lungu and R. F. Dynoodt, Acidification from long term use of urea and its effects on selected soil properties. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development. (2008)8(1): 63-76.

Show More Hide
Cited By:
This article has no citations.