Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILNS > Volume 40 > Utilization Potentials of Moringa oleifera in...
< Back to Volume

Utilization Potentials of Moringa oleifera in Nigeria: A Preliminary Assessment

Full Text PDF


A survey on the utilization potentials of Moringa oleifera in Nigeria was conducted in 2011. The survey involved 14 states (including the Federal Capital Territory) across the five agroecological zones. The 14 States were Borno, Kano, Adamawa, Kebbi, Kaduna, Niger, Nassarawa, Abuja (F.C.T), Kogi, Benue, Kwara, Oyo, Enugu and Anambra. A semi-structured questionnaire and field visits were adopted in this study while a multistage random sampling technique was used in selecting the respondents. The survey found more than 25 local names of Moringa oleifera in Nigeria. Widespread utilization of Moringa as food was observed with its use as vegetable in soup, as salad or herbal tea having particularly high scores. There was low awareness of Moringa oleifera as a domestic cleansing agent although about 30% of respondents used it in domestic water clarification. The species has high ethno-medicinal value, addressing close to 20 conditions including typhoid and malaria fever (78.7%), ear infection (71.8%), eye infection (66.9%), lowering of blood sugar (diabetes mellitus) (65.2%) and blood pressure (64.7%). It is evident that this important species is still underutilized in Nigeria and more efforts are required for a fuller exploitation of its rich potentials.


International Letters of Natural Sciences (Volume 40)
C.O. Stevens et al., "Utilization Potentials of Moringa oleifera in Nigeria: A Preliminary Assessment", International Letters of Natural Sciences, Vol. 40, pp. 30-37, 2015
Online since:
May 2015

[1] Anonymous, (2002). Moringa oleifera, A multipurpose tree. HDRA.U.K. 1 Available online: http : \ www. org. uk.

[2] Ankush, R., Amrinder S., Avind S., Netrapal S., Pradeep K. and Vindur B. (2011). Anti-fertility activity of medicinal plants on reproductive system of female rat. Intl. J. of Bioengineering sciences and technology, 2 (03): 44-50.

[3] Anwar, F., Latif, S., Ashraf, M., and Gilani, A. H. (2007). Moringa oleifera: a food plant with multiple bio-chemical and medicinal uses – a review. Phytother. Res. 21: 17-25.

DOI: 10.1002/ptr.2023

[4] Arai, Y., Watanabe, S. and Kimira, M. (2000). Dietary intake of flavonols, flavones and isoflavones by Japanese women and the inverse correlation between quercetin intake and plasma LDL cholesterol concentration. J. Nutr. 130: 224 – 225.

[5] Bosetti, C., Spertinin, L., Parpinel, M., Gnagnarella, P., Laglou, P., Negri, E., Franceschi, S., Montella, M., Paterson, J., Dwyer, J., Giocosa A. and La Vecclua, C. (2005).

[6] Chawla, S., Saxena, A., and Seshadri, S. (1988). In –vitro availability of iron in various green Leafy vegetables. J. Sc. Food Agric, 46: 125-127.

DOI: 10.1002/jsfa.2740460112

[7] Dillard, C. J. and German, J.B. (2000). Phytochemicals: neutraceuticals and human health. J. Sci. Food Agric 80: 1744 – 1756.

[8] Fahey, J. W. (2005). Moringa oleifera: A review of the medicinal evidence for its nutritional therapeutic and prophylactic properties, Part 1. Trees for life Journal 1: 5 – 5.

[9] FAO. (2011). Non-wood forest products in Africa: A regional and national overview. FAO, Rome, 303pp.

[10] Farooq, M. A., Walid, N., Kobayashi N., Fujita, D. and Basra S.M.A. (2012). Plant drought stress: effects, mechanisms and management. Agron. Sustain. Dev., 29: 185-212.

DOI: 10.1051/agro:2008021

[11] Foidl N., Makkar H. P. S. and Becker K. (2001). The Potential of Moringa oleifera in agricultural and industrial uses, in: Proceedings of International Workshop What Development Potential Moringa Products?, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania, 20pp.

[12] Fritz, N. (2000). Gnarly tree can cure the ill, purity water and feed the hungry. Los Angeles Times – Available online @ http: /www. latimes. com(verified on 5/27/2006).

[13] Harvey, M. (2005). Moringa Leaf powder – the world's greatest unknown supplement. GO. Articles. com Available online@file: /E: \moringa. htm.

[14] Fuglie LJ (1999). The miracle tree: Moringa oleifera: Natural nutrition for the tropics. Church World Service, Dakar, 68pp.

[15] Hendrix, M. L. (2008)Amino Acids, Microsoft® Encarta® 2009 http: /www. tfljournal. org/article. php/20051201124931586 [accessed September 21, 2009].

[16] Jung, U.J., Kim, H. K., Lee M.K., Jeeong, T. S. and Choi M. S. (2003). Naringin supplementation lowers plasma lipids and enhances erythrocyte anti-oxidant enzyme activities in hypocholesterolemic subjects. Clin. Nutria. 22: 561-568.

DOI: 10.1016/s0261-5614(03)00059-1

[17] Kasolo, J. N. Bimenya, G. S., Ojok, L. and Ogwal-okeng, J. W. (2010), Phytochemicals and uses of Moringa oleifera leaves in Ugandan rural communities. J. med. Plants Res. 4 (9): 753-757.

[18] Mander, M. (1998). Marketing of indigenous medicinal plants in South Africa: A case study in Kwazulu-Natal. FAO, Rome, 151pp.

[19] Makkar, H. P. S., and Becker, K. (1997). Nutrients and anti-nutrient factors in different morphological parts of the Moringa oleifera tree. J. Agric. Sc. (Cambridge) 128: 311-322.

DOI: 10.1017/s0021859697004292

[20] Marion, D. J. (2004). CurrAntheroscler Rep. Pubmed 6(1): 73 – 78.

[21] Mazzio, E. A., Close, F. and Soliman, K. F. (2011). The biochemical and cellular basis for Neutraceutical strategies to Attenuate Neurodegeneration in Pakinson's disease. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 12: 506 – 569.

DOI: 10.3390/ijms12010506

[22] Mehta, K., Balaraman R., Amin A. H., Brafna P.A., and Gulati, O.D. (2003). Effects of fruits of Moringa oleifera on the lipid profile of normal and hypercholesterolaemic rabbits. J. Ethnopharmacol, (India) 86(2-3): 191-195..

DOI: 10.1016/s0378-8741(03)00075-8

[23] Nouman, W., Basra, S. M. A., Siddiqut , M. T., Yasmeen, A., Gull, T. and Alcayde, M. A. C. (2013). Potential of Moringa oleifera L. as livestock fodder crop: a review. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 37: 1211-1266.

DOI: 10.3906/tar-1211-66

[24] Nnam, N. M. (2009). Moringa oleifera leaf improves iron status of infants 6-12 months in Nigeria. International J. Food Safety, Nutrition and Health, 2(20): 158-164.

DOI: 10.1504/ijfsnph.2009.029281

[25] Palada, M. C., Changi, L. C. (2003). Suggested Cultural practices for Moringa. International co - operator's Guide AVRDC pub. 3-545pp.

[26] Pal, S. K., Murkherjee, P. K., Saha, B. P. (1995). Studies on the anti-ulcer activity of Moringa oleifera leaf extract on gastric ulcer models in rats. Phytother. Res. 9: 463-465.

DOI: 10.1002/ptr.2650090618

[27] Paliwal, R., Sharma, V. and Pracheta (2001). A review on Horse Radish Tree (Moringa oleifera): A multipurpose Tree, with high Economic and Commercial Importance. Asian J. of Biotechnology.

DOI: 10.3923/ajbkr.2011.317.328

[28] Plummer, J. A., Earl A., Schneider, J. A., Trapold, J. Barret W. (2006). Pharmacology of Rauwolfia alkaloids, including Reserpine Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 59: 8 – 21.

DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1954.tb45914.x

[29] Price, M. L. (2000). The Moringa tree – ECHO Technical note, USA. Avaible online @ http: /www. echonet. org/tropicalag/moringa3. htm.

[30] Price, M. L. (2007). The Moringa Tree. ECHO technical 1 note. Revised edition . 11-12pp.

[31] Rollof, A. (2009). Handbuchund Atlas der i Dendiologie. Verlagweinhem. ISBN: 978 -3 –527. 32141-4.

[32] Sunderland, T. C. H., Ngo-Mpeck, M., Tchoundjei, Z. and Akoal, A. (1999).

[33] Tapas, A. R., Sakarkar, D.M. and Kakde, R.B. (2008). Flavonoids as Neutraceuticals: A Review Tropical J. of Pharmaceutical Research. 7(3) 1089 – 1099.

[34] Tesfay, S. Z., Bertling, I., Odindo, A. O., Workneh, T. S. and Mathaba, N. (2011). Levels of anti-oxidants in different parts of moringa (Moringa oleifera) seedling. Afri. J. Agric. Res. 6: 5123-5132.

[35] Thurber, M. D. and Fahey, J. W. (2009). Adoption of Moringa oleifera to combat under-nutrition viewed through the lens of the Diffusion of Innovations, theory. Ecol. Food Nutri., 48: 212-225.

DOI: 10.1080/03670240902794598
Show More Hide