Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILNS > ILNS Volume 4 > Gender Differential in the Incidence of Diabetes...
< Back to Volume

Gender Differential in the Incidence of Diabetes Mellitus among the Patients in Udi Local Government Area of Enugu State, Nigeria

Removed due to plagiarism.

Full Text PDF


Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycemia and disturbances of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism. It is a major public health problem and disease burden worldwide, and especially in Nigeria. This study determined the gender differential in the incidence of Diabetes mellitus among the patients in Udi L.G.A of Enugu State. Three research questions and one hypothesis were formulated to guide the study. Descriptive survey design was employed. A sample of 343 diabetes mellitus patients were randomly selected and used for the study. Researchers design data documentary profoma was used to collect the data from selected health facilities in respect to the patients’ gender and their fasting sugar level as contained in their folder or hospital record/register. Frequency and percentages was used to answer research question while the null hypothesis was tested using Chi- square at 0.05 level of significance. The finding of the result revealed a high incidence of Diabetes Mellitus in 2012, females recorded a high incidence of DM from 2008-2012 and high percentage of fasting blood sugar level than male. The finding also revealed no difference in the fasting blood sugar based on gender. It is recommended among others that diagnostic investigation on human placental lactose is advocated to reduce or stop its opposition to insulin secretion during pregnancy.


International Letters of Natural Sciences (Volume 4)
B. N. Chukwu et al., "Gender Differential in the Incidence of Diabetes Mellitus among the Patients in Udi Local Government Area of Enugu State, Nigeria", International Letters of Natural Sciences, Vol. 4, pp. 34-43, 2013
Online since:
November 2013

[1] Achalu E. (1998). Communicable and non-communicable diseases, Cause and prevention. Ibadan: African Link Books.

[2] Albert K. G. M. M., Boucher B. J., Hitman G. A., Taylor R. (1990). Diabetes Mellitus. In: The Disease. London: Balliere Tindall.Metabolic and Molecular Basis of Acquired Disease. London: Belliere Tindall.

[3] Alberto B., Swapnil R., Rev. Paron Salud Publica/Pan Am J Public Health 10(5) (2001) 300-308.

[4] Al-Nozha, M .M., Al-Maatoug M. A, Al-Mazrou Y. Y, et al. (2004). Diabetes mellitus in Saudi Arabia 25:1603-1610. America. (2nd ed.). Washington D.C: U.S. Government Printing Office.

[5] Al-tamimi S., Peterson P., Int. Dent. J. 48 (30) (1998) 180-6.

[6] Amos A. F., McCarty D. J., Zimmet P., Diabet Med 14 (1997) 1-85.

[7] Blaise (2005). Causes and prevention of diabetes. html (Retrieved 18th January 2011.from African Americans. Holistic Nurse Practice, 19 10-16.

[8] Choi B. C., Shi F. (2010). Risk factors for diabetes mellitus by age and sex: result of the National Population Health Survey. Retrieved on 4th Jan 2013 from med/11692170.

[9] Clavel M. C. (2005). Mayo clinic on managing diabetes. New York: Kensington Publishing Corporation.

[10] Gojka R. U., Nigel P., Bennet C., Mathers J., Tuomilehto & Satyajit N., Diabetes Care 28 (2005) 2130-2135.

[11] Harris M. I., ; Courie C. C., Reiber G., Bonko E., Stern M., Benneth P. (1995). Diabetes in America. (2nd ed). Washington DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

[12] Hornby A. S. (2001). Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary of Current English. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

[13] Kendra C. (2013). What is gender? Guide. Retrieved 16/06/2013 from

[14] King H., Aubert R. E., Herman W. H., Diabetes Care 21 (1998) 1414-1431.

[15] Lucas A. O., Gilles H. M. (2003). Short textbook of public health medicine for the tropics (4th Ed.). Ibadan: Bookpower ELST.

[16] Liu C., Yu Z., Li H/, Wang J., Sun L., Qi Q., Lin X. (2010). Association of alcohol consumption with diabetes mellitus and impaired fasting glycaemia among middle – aged and elderly Chinese. Retrieved from www.biomed – 2458/10/713.


[17] National Diabetes Statistics (2011). National diabetes information clearinghouse. Retrieved on 24th Feb 2013 from

[18] Ogbera A., Chinenye S., Onyekwere A., Fasanmade O., Ethnicity Dis. 17 (2007) 721-725.

[19] Oguntola S. (2011). Why men develop diabetes more easily than women. Retrieved September 16, 2012 from www.tribune. com. ng./index.php/ your – health.

[20] Popoola M. M., Holistic Nurse Practice 19 (2005) 10-16.

[21] Population Reference Bureau (2008). World population data sheet. Retrieved October 17, (2011).

[22] Thomas B. (Ed.) (1988). Dietary management of children with diabetes mellitus. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Pub.

[23] WHO (2000). Global water supply and sanitation assessment 2000 report. London: Earthscan Publication Limited.

[24] WHO (2009). WHO, African region: Nigeria. Retrieved from on October 17, (2011).

[25] WHO (2011). Diabetes: Fact sheet. Retrieved from on October 17, (2011).

[26] Wild S., Roglic G., Green A., Sicree R., King H., Diabetes Care 27 (2004) 1047-1053.

[27] World Health Organization (2010). Department of Non Communicable Disease surveillance Definition, Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus and its Complications. Retrieved 18th March, (2011).

[28] World Health Organization-WHO and International Diabetes Federation-IDF (2006). Definition and diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and intermediate hyperglycemia: Report of a WHO/IDF consultation. Geneva: WHO. ( Received 04 October 2013; accepted 31 October 2013 ).

Show More Hide
Cited By:

[1] M. Danjin, N. Umar, D. Adamu, "Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus in a Tertiary Health Institution in Gombe Metropolis, Nigeria", Journal of Medical Sciences and Health, Vol. 03, p. 1, 2017