Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILNS > ILNS Volume 4 > Climate Change: Causes, Effects and the Need for...
< Back to Volume

Climate Change: Causes, Effects and the Need for Science Education for Sustainable Development

Removed due to plagiarism.

Full Text PDF


The world we live in has witnessed some drastic environmental imbalance in recent times. These imbalances have threatened sustainable development- which is the ultimate goal of man-environment relationship. This paper reviews the causes and effects of climate change on man and his environment with a view to using science education to solve the problems posed by climate change. Literature shows that climate change results mainly from human activities such as rapid deforestation for agricultural and industrial purposes, carbon dioxide emission from fossil fuel burning, carbon dioxide emission from burning gasoline for transportation, usage of chemical fertilizers on croplands and methane emission from animals, agriculture and arctic sea beds. The consequences of these activities include global warming, ozone layer depletion, greenhouse effect, rising sea level and acid rain. It is recommended here that the whole educational process be re-packaged to emphasize science education as a panacea for sustainable development. The argument here is that the educational institutions are the best media for the inculcation of proper morals and values. It is also recommended that teacher education programmes should allocate more funds to research in, and teaching of science in schools.


International Letters of Natural Sciences (Volume 4)
H. A. Nwona, "Climate Change: Causes, Effects and the Need for Science Education for Sustainable Development", International Letters of Natural Sciences, Vol. 4, pp. 1-9, 2013
Online since:
November 2013

[1] Climate Watch (2013, April 18). Global Temperature update. Retrieved from

[2] Environmental Protection Agency (2010). Global Warming: Executive Summary. Retrieved from

[3] Federal Republic of Nigeria. (2004). National Policy on Education. Lagos: NERDC press. Govindaswamy V. (n.d.). Importance of Environmental Education for Sustainable Development. Retrieved from

[4] Markham D. (2009). Global Warming – effects and causes: a top 10 list. Retrieved from

[5] National Research Council (1999). Our common journey: a transition toward sustainability. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. Retrieved from

[6] National Research Council. (2010). America's climate choices. Retrieved from

[7] NOAA (2010). Annual greenhouse gas index. Retrieved from

[8] Nworgu B. G. (2010). Research in science education in Nigeria: conceptual, methodological and analytical issues. Guest lecture delivered at the 2nd national conference of the School of Sciences, Federal College of Education, Okene, August 10-13.

[9] Prakash J. (2011). What is the importance of science education as a school subject? Retrieved from DOI: 201105216961.

[10] The Citizen Newspaper (2013, June 21). Nigeria's endangered species. Online version retrieved from

[11] United Nations (1987). Brundtland Commission report of World Commission on Environment and Development. Retrieved from ( Received 04 October 2013; accepted 24 October 2013 ).

Show More Hide
Cited By:
This article has no citations.