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Investigating the Recent Drought Effects on Underground Water Resources in the Province of Kurdistan from a Quantitative and Qualitative Point of View (Case Study: Dehgolan and Ghorveh Plains)

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Abstract:

The Ghorveh plain with an annual average rainfall of 350 millimeter and a cold and semi humid climate is located between the Dehgolan's watersheds and Chahardoli and 95 kilometers east of Sanandaj and northwest of Hamadan. From a geographic coordinates point of view it is situated between the longitudes of 47° 38' 52" to 48° 06' 03" eastern and latitudes of 35° 02' 22" to 35° 30' 54" northern . This plain leads to Mts. Darvazeh and Ebrahim Attar from south, it leads to hillside lands from the northern side , from Westside it reaches Mt. Bikheir and from the eastern part it is limited to the Dam Gaz heights. The area of the Ghorveh watershed is 1063/50 square kilometers while the area of the region under study is 197 square kilometers. Geologically speaking, it is located in the Sanadaj –Sirjan zone. The collision depth to the underground waters in the heights range bordering the plain is a maximum of 42 meters while the same rate about the river Talvar is at least zero and it is less than 5 meters in a wide range region of the eastern side of the plain. The direction of the underground water flow in the Ghorveh region is from the south west to north east. The Piezometrical water level changes compared to the western side plain has had a reduced height.The Dehgolan's plain with an annual average rainfall of 354 millimeters and a cold and semi humid climate is located in the eastern side of the city of Sanandaj between the longitudes of 47° 08' 00" to 48° 12' 00" eastern and latitudes of 35° 00' 00" to 36° 00'00" northern. This plain is limited to not very high ridge of Shanooreh from the eastern side and it leads to the Darband Kabood heights and Abdulrahman heights from south, while it leads to Mt. Sheida and Akhikamal and Salarabad from north and then it is limited to the Khatoon heights from the west part . The area of the watershed of Dehgolan is 2250 square kilometer and the area of the region under study is 644 square kilometers . Geologically and regionally speaking, it is part of the geological – structural zone of Sanandaj – Sirjan. The general slope of the region is towards east and north east. The main river of this plain is called Talvar. The alluvial aquifer of the Dehgolan's plain is of a free type and is on average 90meters thick where in some parts thickness swells to 90 meters.

Info:

Periodical:
International Letters of Natural Sciences (Volume 3)
Pages:
7-20
DOI:
10.18052/www.scipress.com/ILNS.3.7
Citation:
E. Bashiri et al., "Investigating the Recent Drought Effects on Underground Water Resources in the Province of Kurdistan from a Quantitative and Qualitative Point of View (Case Study: Dehgolan and Ghorveh Plains)", International Letters of Natural Sciences, Vol. 3, pp. 7-20, 2013
Online since:
Oct 2013
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