Subscribe

Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILNS > Volume 27 > Shade Cum Fruit Yielding Avocado under Coffee...
< Back to Volume

Shade Cum Fruit Yielding Avocado under Coffee Ecosystem

Full Text PDF

Abstract:

Avocado is one of the most commonly preferred shades grown tree crop under Coffee ecosystem. In view of that, Peninsula of Nicoya and Cost Rica farmer was rated avocado (Persea americana L. Mill) is a primary shade tree crop under coffee plantation at the level of 66.3 per cent and it ranked as a fourth position after the Inga spp., Guazumala ulmiflora and Cardia alliodoara. Hence, the avocado is a commercially important shade cum fruit yielding tree under coffee ecosystem which has cultivating both in humid tropic as well as subtropical climates of throughout the world. The tree is basically grown as the forest species but later on as a shade growing tree under coffee cultivation because of high nutritional and medicinal values of fruit and it makes for wider diversity. Thereafter it was entered into the other parts of the world from Central America and Mexico. The tree is of multipurpose in nature and also helps to avoid the soil and water erosion by way of its wider spread canopy. Generally, Avocado leafs reduce the beating action of rain drops which in-turn minimize the soil erosion. The soil enrichment by adding the leaf litter continuously is an advantage in the coffee plantations. It yields in the additional economic returns after three to five years of establishment. Hence, the establishment of shade tree under coffee ecosystem will give additional income to the coffee growers, which mainly helps on lean period of coffee cultivation.

Info:

Periodical:
International Letters of Natural Sciences (Volume 27)
Pages:
61-66
Citation:
M. Govindappa and K. Elavarasan, "Shade Cum Fruit Yielding Avocado under Coffee Ecosystem", International Letters of Natural Sciences, Vol. 27, pp. 61-66, 2014
Online since:
October 2014
Export:
Distribution:
References:

[1] Albertin A., Nair P.K.R., Human ecology 32(4) (2004).

[2] Beer J., Agroforestry Systems 5 (1987) 3-13.

[3] Beer J., Muschler R., Kass D., Somarriba E., Agroforestry Systems 38 (1998) 139-164.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1005956528316

[4] Ghosh S.P. (2000). Avocado production in India. In: Papadimetrious, M. K (ed. ). Avocado production Asia and the Pacific. FAO publisher, Bangkok, pp.24-30.

[5] Human T.P. (1987).

[6] Woolf A.B., Ferguson I.B., Requejo-Tapia L.C., Boyd L., White A., Revista Chapings Serie Horticultura 5 (1999) 353-358.

[7] ICAFE (1998). Manual de Recomendaciones para el cultivo de caf´e, ICAFE-CICAFE, Heredia, Costa Rica.

[8] Muschler R.G. (1997). Effects of shading by Erythrina poeppigiana on Coffea arabica cvs. Caturra and cv. Catimor. In Memorias del XVIII Simposio Latinoamericano de Caficultura, San Jose, Costa Rica, IICA, San Jose, Costa Rica, pp.157-162.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14482/memor.31.9901

[9] Muschler R. G. 2000. Arboles en Cafetales. Modulo de Ensenanza Agroforestal, Proyecto Agroforestal CATIE/GTZ, CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica, p.5.

[10] Rao M. R., Nair P. K. R., Ong C. K., Agroforestry Systems 38 (1998) 3-50.

[11] Staver C., Guharay F., Monterroso D., Muschler R. G., Beer J., Agroforestry Systems 53 (2001) 151-170. ( Received 08 October 2014; accepted 15 October 2014 ).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1013372403359
Show More Hide
Cited By:
This article has no citations.