Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILNS > Volume 2 > Appraisal of Sulphur Contaminants from...
< Back to Volume

Appraisal of Sulphur Contaminants from Transportation in Urban Zaria, Nigeria

Full Text PDF


As a step towards remediation of sulphur contaminants, this study used a Crowcon Gasman (gas detection instrument) to collect and analyze Sulphuric gas samples from densely populated areas of urban Zaria. The results showed varying concentrations of Sulphur Dioxide (SO2) and Hydrogen Sulphide (H2S). The high concentrations of these pollutants detected can be attributed to increased population growth, increased production of gaseous wastes and increased number of vehicular movement. The results indicate also that the concentrations of pollutant sulphur component SO2 measured at all sampling points, with exception of the control site were hazardous while that of H2S were within safe limit set by FEPA and ACGIH respectively. Statistical tests were performed which established significant variation/relationship between detected pollutants and traffic volume. Findings from this study imply that vehicular emission within urban Zaria is not within the safe limit which further reveals that transport-related pollution in Zaria urban area can be potentially hazardous to health.


International Letters of Natural Sciences (Volume 2)
Y.A. Aliyu et al., "Appraisal of Sulphur Contaminants from Transportation in Urban Zaria, Nigeria", International Letters of Natural Sciences, Vol. 2, pp. 19-30, 2013
Online since:
Oct 2013

ACFA, (2008). Sulphur Reduction - The Key to Lower Vehicle Emissions. Asian Clean Fuels Association Monthly Publication Vol. 6, Issue 6 - Aug/Sept, (2008).

ACGIH, (2005).

Akselsson C., Ardo J., Sverdrup H., Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 98 (2004) 363-379.

Barman S. C., Singh R., Negi, M. P. S., Bhargava S. K., Environ Monit. Asses 137 (2008) 495-504.

Ettouney R. S., Zaki J. G., El-Rifiai M. A., Ettouney H. M., Toxicology and Environmental Chemistry 92(4) (2010) 655-668.

Federal Environmental Protection Agency, (1991).

Haywood J., Boucher O., Reviews of Geophysics 38(4) (2000) 513-54.

Kalabokas P. O., Viras L. G., Repapis C., Global Nest Journal 1(3) (1999) 157-167.

Lovblad G., Tarrason L., Tørseth K., Dutchak S. (Eds. ) (2004). EMEP Assessment Report Part I, European Perspective, Retrieved July 15, 2013, from: http: /www. emep. int.

Mortimore M. J. (ed) (1970). Zaria and its Region: A Nigerian Savanna City and its Environs. Department of Geography, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria. Occasional Paper No 4.

Nellemann C., Goul Thomsen M., Water, Air, & Soil Pollution 128 (2001) 197-205.

NPC, (2006). Population. National Population Commission Census Report. Nigerian Statistics Annual Report. Pp. 14 Retrieved May 22, 2012, from: http: /www. nigerianstat. gov. ng/nbsapps/annual_reports/CHAPTER%202. pdf.

Okunola O. J., Uzairu A., Gimba C. E., Ndukwe G. I., International Journal of Environment and Sustainability 1(1) (2012) 1-15.

Ragini N., Chandrashekara M. S., Nagaiah N., Paramesh L., Toxicology and Environmental Chemistry 91(4) (2009) 605-609.

Ramanathan V., Crutzen P. J., Kiehl J. K., Rosenfeld D., Science 294 (2001) 2119-2124.

Riordan D., Adeeb F. (2004). Air Quality Monitoring for Sulphur Dioxide in Metropolitan Adelaide. Environment Protection Authority Document. Retrieved July 3, 2013 from: http: /www. epa. sa. gov. au/xstd_files/Air/Report/so2_report. pdf.

Richards J. K. (2000).

Schopp W., Posch M., Mylona S., Johansson M., Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 7 (2003) 436-446.

Stoddard J. L., et al., Nature 401(6753) (1999) 575-578.

Wang L. K., Pereira N. C., Hung Y. T. (2005). Advanced Air and Noise Pollution Control. Hand book of Environmental Engineering, Volume 2. Humana Press Inc. Totowa, NJ.

WHO, (1981). Hydrogen Sulphide. World Health Organization, Environmental Health Criteria No. 19. Geneva.

WHO, (2000).

WHO, (2003).

WHO, (2005a). WHO Air Quality Guidelines Global Update. Report on a Working Group Meeting, Bonn, Germany, 18-20 October 2005, WHOLIS number E87950.

WHO, (2005b). Hydrogen Sulphide. Geneva World Health Organization, Environmental Health Criteria, No. 19.

WHO, (2006).

Wu C., Lin M., Feng C., Yang K., Lo Y., Lo J., Journal of Chromatography 996 (2003) 225-231. ( Received 04 September 2013; accepted 14 October 2013 ).

Show More Hide