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Effect of Inoculation of AM Fungi and Beneficial Microorganisms on Growth and Nutrient Uptake of Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn. (Finger Millet)

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Abstract:

Biofertilizers have been used as sources to improve plant nutrients in sustainable agriculture. Biofertilizers are low cost, renewable sources of plant nutrients which supplement chemical fertilizers. Mycorrhizal fungi are a major component of agricultural natural resources and members of kingdom fungi. The term ‘mycorrhiza’ is derived from Greek word which means ‘fungus root’. Earthen pot experiments were carried out to study the inoculation effect of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal (AM) fungi (Glomus mossease), Azospirillium brasilense and PSB on plant height, dry weight of root and shoot, per cent root colonization, spore number, P and N uptake. Experimental pots were filled with 4 kegs of sterilized soil and maintained in green house at 25-30 °C temperature. Single inoculation of AM fungi and combined inoculation of AM fungi with Azospirillium brasilense or PSB was found to be moderately increased in all the growth parameters. However triple inoculation of AM fungi, Azospirillium brasilense and PSB was found to have highest growth parameters.

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Periodical:
International Letters of Natural Sciences (Volume 13)
Pages:
59-69
Citation:
K. Ramakrishnan and G. Bhuvaneswari, "Effect of Inoculation of AM Fungi and Beneficial Microorganisms on Growth and Nutrient Uptake of Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn. (Finger Millet)", International Letters of Natural Sciences, Vol. 13, pp. 59-69, 2014
Online since:
April 2014
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[1] F. Fatoumata, D. Di eacute gane, F. Dioumacor, N. Ibrahima, N. Cheikh, K. Aboubacry, M. Amadou, "Effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal inoculation on growth, and nutrient uptake of the two grass species, Leptochloa fusca (L.) Stapf and Sporobolus robustus Kunth, under greenhouse conditions", African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 14, p. 2770, 2015

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5897/AJB2015.14840

[2] M. Thilakarathna, M. Raizada, "A Review of Nutrient Management Studies Involving Finger Millet in the Semi-Arid Tropics of Asia and Africa", Agronomy, Vol. 5, p. 262, 2015

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy5030262

[3] M. Grover, B. Venkateswarlu, S. Desai, K. Gopinath, C. Srinivasa Rao, Innovations in Dryland Agriculture, p. 491, 2016

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47928-6_18

[4] S. Puranik, J. Kam, P. Sahu, R. Yadav, R. Srivastava, H. Ojulong, R. Yadav, "Harnessing Finger Millet to Combat Calcium Deficiency in Humans: Challenges and Prospects", Frontiers in Plant Science, Vol. 8, 2017

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2017.01311
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