Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILCPA > ILCPA Volume 72 > Studies of Sorbent Efficiencies of Maize Parts in...
< Back to Volume

Studies of Sorbent Efficiencies of Maize Parts in Fe(II) Removal from Aqueous Solutions

Full Text PDF


The efficiency of the cob, sheath, seed chaff and stalk of maize plant in the removal of Fe(II) from aqueous solutions was studied. FTIR analysis of biomass surfaces before and after adsorption showed that seed chaff has the highest number of functional group coordination points. The percentage removal of Fe(II) increased with increase in pH for all the biomass parts with highest efficiency shown by the seed chaff at all the studied pH values. Metal up-take also increased with increase in seed chaff load. This direct relationship was however not shown by other parts where decreases in metal up-take were observed at high doses of the biomass. At optimum pH and biomass load, equilibrium adsorption capacities were reached in 30 minutes for all the parts. The efficiency of the biomass parts in the sorption process were in the order seed chaff>stalk>sheath>cob. At optimum conditions of the study, the seed chaff removed 73 % of Fe(II) from solution in its natural state.


International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy (Volume 72)
C. E. Duru and I. A. Duru, "Studies of Sorbent Efficiencies of Maize Parts in Fe(II) Removal from Aqueous Solutions", International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, Vol. 72, pp. 1-8, 2017
Online since:
January 2017

[1] K.C. Sekhar et al., Removal of heavy metals using a plant biomass with reference to environmental control, Int. J. Miner Process. 68 (2003) 37–45.

[2] Department of National health and Welfare Canada, Nutrition recommendations, the report of the Scientific Review Committee, Ottawa, (1990).

[3] S. Babel, T.A. Kurniawan, Low-cost adsorbents for heavy metals uptake from contaminated water: a review, J. Hazard Mater. 97 (2003) 219–243.


[4] T.L. Eberhardt, S.H. Min, Biosorbents prepared from wood particles treated with anionic polymer and iron salt: Effect of particle size on phosphate adsorption, Bio. Tec. 99 (2008) 626-630.


[5] R. Razmovski, M. Šciban, Iron (III) biosorption by Polyporus squamosus, Afr. J. Biotec. 7 (2008) 1693-1699.


[6] A. García-Mendieta, M.T. Olguín, M. Solache-Ríos, Biosorption properties of green tomato peel (Physalis philadelphica Lam) for iron, manganese and iron–manganese from aqueous systems, Desalination. 284 (2012) 167–174.


[7] N.T. Abdel-Ghani et al., Factorial experimental design for biosorption of iron and zinc using Typha domingensis phytomass, Desalination. 249 (2009) 343–347.

[8] M. Tuzen et al., Biosorption of copper (II), lead (II), iron (III) and cobalt (II) on Bacillus sphaericus-loaded Diaion SP-850 resin, Anal. Chim. Acta. 581 (2007) 241–246.


[9] A. Selatnia et al., Biosorption of Fe3+ from aqueous solution by a bacterial dead Streptomyces rimosus biomass, Proc. Biochem. 39 (2004) 1643–1651.

[10] M. Aryal, M. Ziagova, M. Liakopoulou-Kyriakides, Study on arsenic biosorption using Fe(III)-treated biomass of Staphylococcus xylosus, Chem. Eng. J. 162 (2010) 178–185.


[11] Y. Sag, T. Kutsal, The simultaneous biosorption of Cr(VI), Fe(III) and Cu(II) on Rhizopus arrhizus, Proc. Biochem. 33 (1998) 571–579.

[12] V. Lugo-Lugo et al., Biosorption of Cr(III) and Fe(III) in single and binary systems onto pretreated orange peel, J. Environ. Manage. 112 (2012) 120–127.


[13] Z. Aksu, U. Açikel, Modelling of a single-staged bioseparation process for simultaneous removal of iron (III) and chromium (VI) by using Chlorella vulgaris, Biochem. Eng. J. 4 (2000) 229-238.


[14] A. Saravanan et al., Kinetics and isotherm studies of mercury and iron biosorption using Sargassum sp., Int. J. Chem. Sci. Appl. 1 (2010) 50-60.

[15] K.K.P. Porpino et al., Fe (II) adsorption on Ucides Cordatus crab shells, Quim. Nova. 34 (2011) 928–932.


[16] E.P. Rose, S. Rajam, Equilibrium study of the adsorption of iron (II) ions from aqueous solution on carbons from wild jack and jambul, Adv. Appl. Sci. Res. 3 (2012) 1889-1894.

[17] K. Ahamad, M. Jawed, Kinetics, equilibrium and breakthrough studies for Fe(II) removal by wooden charcoal: a low-cost adsorbent, Desalination. 251 (2010) 137-145.


[18] S.R. Shukla, R.S. Pai, A.D. Shendarkar, Adsorption of Ni(II), Zn(II) and Fe(II) on modified coir fibres, Sep. Purif. Technol. 47(3) (2006) 141-147.


[19] B. Acemioglu, Removal of Fe(II) ions from aqueous solution by Calabrian pine bark wastes, Bioresource Technol. 93 (2004) 99-102.

[20] I. Dahlan, S.R. Hassan, M.L. Hakim, Removal of Fe(II) from aqueous solutions using siliceous waste sorbent, Sustainable Environmental Research. 23(1) (2013) 41-48.

[21] M. Khashij et al., Removal of Fe(II) from aqueous solutions using manganese oxide coated zeolite and iron oxide coated zeolite, IJE Transactions B: Applications. 29(11) (2016) 1587-1594.

[22] A.I. Ivanets et al., Removal of Zn2+, Fe2+, Pb2+, Cd2+, Ni2+ and Co2+ ions from aqueous solutions using modified phosphate dolomite, Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering. 2 (2014) 981-987.


[23] R. Boota, H.N. Bhatti, M.A. Hanif, Removal of Cu(II) and Zn(II) using Lignocellulosic fiber derived from Citrus Reticulata (Kinnow) waste biomass, Separation Science and Technology. 44 (2009) 4000-4022.


[24] D. Reddy et al., Optimization of Cd(II), Cu(II) and Ni(II) biosorption by chemically modified Moringa olifera leave powder, Carbohydrate Polymers. 88 (2010) 1077-1086.


[25] A.A. Seolatto, C.J. Filho, D.L. Mota, Evaluation of the efficiency of biosorption of lead, cadmium and chromium by the biomass of Pequi fruit skin (Caryocar brasiliense Camb. ), Chemical Engineering Transactions. 27 (2012) 73-78.

[26] Z. Xu et al., Enzymatic hydrolysis of pretreated soybean straw, Biomass Bioenergy. 31 (2007) 162-167.


[27] F.A. Camargo et al., Processing and characterization of composites of poly(3-hydroxybutyrateco-hydroxyvalerate) and lignin from sugar cane bagasse, J. Compos. Mater. 46 (2012) 417-425.

[28] S. Riyajan, I. Intharit, Characterization of modified bagasse and investigation properties of its novel composite, J. Elast. Plast. 43 (2011) 513-528.


[29] G.R. Filho et al., Characterization of methylcellulose produced from sugarcane bagasse cellulose: Crystallinity and thermal properties, Polym. Degrad. Stab. 92 (2007) 205-210.

[30] G.L. Guo et al., Characterization of enzymatic saccharification for acid-pretreated lignocellulosic materials with different lignin composition, Enzyme Microb. Technol. 45 (2009) 80-87.

[31] R.C. Sun et al., Characterization of lignins from wheat straw by alkaline peroxide treatment, Polym. Degrad. Stab. 67 (2000) 101-109.

[32] T.P. Devi, R.K.H. Singh, Complexes of nickel (II) with the Schiff bases derived from the condensation of salicylaldehyde and bis-Ni(AMUH)2Cl2, Rasayan J. Chem. 3(2) (2010) 266-270.

[33] J.S. Al-Jariri, F. Khalili, Adsorption of Zn(II), Pb(II), Cr(III) and Mn(II) from water by Jordanian Bentonite, Desalination and Water Treatment. 21 (2012) 308-322.

[34] S. Babel, T.A. Kurniawan, Cr (IV) removal from synthetic wastewater using cocoanut shell charcoal and commercial activated carbon modified with oxidizing agents and/or chitosan, Chemosphere. 54 (2004) 951-967.

[35] V.K. Garg et al., Dye removal from aqueous solution by adsorption on treated sawdust, Bioresource Technology. 89 (2003) 121-124.


[36] M.P. Pons, C.M. Fuste, Uranium uptake by immobilized cells of Pseudomonas strain EPS 5028, Applied Microbiology Biotechnology. 39 (1993) 661-665.

[37] M.H. Elhussien, G.A. Hamid, Removal of Fe(II) and Cu(II) from aqueous solutions using activated carbon derived from wooden parts of mangifera indica by chemical activation with ZnCl2, International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering. 5(11) (2015).

[38] Y. Zhang et al., Biosorption of Fe(II) and Mn(II) ions from aqueous solution by rice husk ash, BioMed Research International. (2014) 1-10.

Show More Hide
Cited By:

[1] C. Duru, "Mineral and Phytochemical Evaluation of Zea mays Husk", Scientific African, p. e00224, 2019