Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILCPA > ILCPA Volume 7 > Comparative Study of Adsorption Phenomena of...
< Back to Volume

Comparative Study of Adsorption Phenomena of Direct Dye Black E by Palm Nut Shell Carbon and Treated Flyash Residue with Respect to Activated Charcoal Carbon

Full Text PDF


Many researchers aimed to study the removal of colouring matter from textile dyeing industrial effluent using the carbon derived from natural sources. Because adsorption of the dyes on carbon is easily, cost effective when comparing to the other techniques. Hence we aimed at the preparation and characterization of the carbon from the natural sources like palm nut shell and flyash. These carbons have been used for adsorption of direct dye Black E. The effect of pH, carbon dose and equilibration period were examined along within the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm studies. The application of these carbons was investigated on adsorption and colour removal from effluent and synthetic samples, which consists of commercial direct dye Black E.


International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy (Volume 7)
C. Palanivel et al., "Comparative Study of Adsorption Phenomena of Direct Dye Black E by Palm Nut Shell Carbon and Treated Flyash Residue with Respect to Activated Charcoal Carbon", International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, Vol. 7, pp. 80-94, 2013
Online since:
January 2013

[1] Khare S. K., Pandey K. K., Srivastava R. M., Singh V. N., J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol. 38(2) (1987) 99.

[2] Ahmed M. N., Ram R. N., J. Environ. Pollut. 37(2) (1992) 131.

[3] Manivannan, V., Colour removal and dye house waste water, Ph.D. Thesis, Madras University, Madras (1985).

[4] Khanna P., Malhotra S. K., Indian J. Environ. Hlth. 19(3) (1977) 224-237.

[5] Karunakaran C., Manimekalai A., et al., Agricultural Application of Flyash, Proc. II Natl. Sem. On use of Flyash in Agriculture, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar, March 5&6 (2001) 195-198.

[6] Kapadia M. J., Farasram R. P., Desai D. H., Bhatr M. M., Indian J. Environ. Protection, 20(7) (2000) 521-528.

[7] Allen W., Altherr E., Horning R. H., King J. C., Murphy J. M., Saltzaman M., Textile Chem., Colorists, 14 (1987) 6.

[8] Poots V. J. P., McKay G., Healy J. J., Water Res. 10 (1976) 1061-1067.

[9] Faust S. D., Aly O.M., Chemistry of water treatment, Butter Worths, Bostan (1983).

[10] Hassler J. W., Chemical Publishing Co., Inc. New York 1951, 127.

[11] Ruby Jain, Manoj S. V., Gupta K. S., Indian J. Environ. Protection 19(1) (1999) 36-42.

[12] Methods of sampling and tests for activated carbon used for decolouring vegetable oils and sugar solutions, ISI-877 (1977).

[13] Vis J. H., Chemical Age of India 31 (1980) 5148.

[14] Nameto Deo, Manzoorali, Indian J. Environ. Protec. 13(7) (1993) 496-508.

[15] Gills C. H., Interpretation and use of sorption isotherms in sorption and transport process in soils. S.C.T. Monograph, No. 37, Society of Chemical Industry, London, (1970).

[16] Yonny D. M., Crowell A. D., Physical Adsorption of Gases, Butter Worth Ltd., London (1962).

Show More Hide
Cited By:
This article has no citations.