Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILCPA > Volume 7 > Thermodynamic Characteristics of Solid
< Back to Volume

Thermodynamic Characteristics of Solid

Full Text PDF


The paper is to present the developed thermodynamic characteristics of a solid. The existent description of dependence of temperature on the proper entropy (thermal capacitance) was used as the beginning point of the considerations. A critical evaluation of the picture of that dependence was a consecutive link of the considerations. Furthermore, an adequate description of the discussed heat phenomenon, taking into account the detailed characteristics of the entropy growth characteristics, has been presented. This characteristics indicates a clear quantum character of the studied reality, reflected by the potentials, proper and gained, respectively. These magnitudes are the measures of the proper and gained specific energies of this thermodynamic factor. The dependence of temperature on the specific energy has been described to formulate a formula on the heat work. At the end the dependence between the specific heat and the entropy constant is derived. In conclusion, a quantum nature of macroscopic reality has been noticed together with the definition of the heat energy notion. The necessity of noticing the description of any other reality in this scale has been indicated.


International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy (Volume 7)
Z. Pluta and T. Hryniewicz, "Thermodynamic Characteristics of Solid", International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, Vol. 7, pp. 60-71, 2013
Online since:
Sep 2013

[1] P. Attkins, Galileo finger (in Polish). Publ. House REBIS, Poznań 2006 (transl. from English), 1st edition.

[2] S. Ochęduszko, Applied thermodynamics (in Polish). WNT, Warszawa 1967, 2nd edition, amended and supplemented.

[3] P. M. Harman, Energy, force, and matter: The conceptual development of nineteenth- century physics, Cambridge University Press, (1982).

[4] B. Lightman (ed), Victorian science in context, University of Chicago Press, (1997).

[5] C. Smith, The science of energy: A cultural history of energy physics in Victorian Britain, Athlone Press, London (1998).

[6] J. Barbour, The discovery of dynamics, Oxford University Press, (2001).

[7] Zdzisław Pluta, Fundamentals of surface smoothing with elastic wheels (in Polish). Ed by Politechnika Koszalińska, Koszalin (2007).

[8] Zdzisław Pluta, Tadeusz Hryniewicz, Intern. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 62 (2012) 529-542.

[9] Zdzisław Pluta, Tadeusz Hryniewicz, J. Modern Physics 3(8) (2012) 793-802.

[10] P. Atkins, The second law, W. H. Freeman, New York (1987).

[11] P. Coveney, R. Highfield, Time arrow/loop: how to develop the biggest mystery of science. Zysk i S-ka, Poznań 1997 (transl. from English).

[12] P. Atkins, J. de Paula, Physical chemistry, Oxford University Press and W. H. Freeman, New York (2002).

Show More Hide