Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILCPA > ILCPA Volume 66 > Body Centered Photonic Crystal
< Back to Volume

Body Centered Photonic Crystal

Full Text PDF


The photonic energy bands of body centered cubic photonic crystals formed from SiO2, GaP, Si, InAs, GaAs, InP, Ge and BaSrTiO3 dielectric spheres drilled in air and air holes drilled in these dielectric mediums were calculated using the plane wave expansion method. The filling factor for each dielectric material was changed until a complete energy gap was obtained and then the density of states was calculated. There were no complete band gaps for air spheres drilled in these eight dielectric mediums. The lattice constants were determined by using wavelengths in the region . The variation of the band gap widths with the filling factor and the variation of gap width to midgap frequency ratios with dielectric contrast were investigated. The largest band gap width of 0.021 for normalized frequency was obtained for GaP for the filling factor of 0.0736. The mode filed distributions were obtained by guiding a telecommunication wave with wavelength through a photonic cell formed from GaP spheres in air with a filling factor of 0.0736 for transverse electric and magnetic modes.


International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy (Volume 66)
K.B.S.K.B. Jayawardana and K. A. I. L. Wijewardena Gamalath, "Body Centered Photonic Crystal", International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, Vol. 66, pp. 96-108, 2016
Online since:
May 2016

[1] V. P. Bykov, Spontaneous emission from a medium with a band spectrum, Quantum Electronics, vol. 4, no. 7, pp.861-871, (1975).

[2] K. Ohtaka, Energy band of photons and low-energy photon diffraction, Phys. Rev. B vol. 19, no. 10, pp.5057-5067, (1979).


[3] E . Yablonovich, Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics, Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 58, p.2059–2062, (1987).


[4] S. John, Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices, Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 58, p.2486–2489, (1987).


[5] E. Yablonovitch, T. J. Gmitter, K. M. Leung, Photonic band structure: the face-centered-cubic case employing nonspherical atoms, Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 67, no. 17, p.2295–2298, (1991).


[6] J. D Joannopoulos, S. G. Johnson, J. N. Winn and R. D. Meade, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light. 2nd ed. Princeton: Princeton University press, (2008).

[7] S. Guo, S. Albin , Simple plane wave implementation for photonic crystal calculations, Optics Express, vol. 11, no. 2, p.167, (2003).


[8] A. J. Danner, An introduction to the plane wave expansion method for calculating photonic crystal band diagrams, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, 2011. Available at: https: /www. ece. nus. edu. sg/stfpage/eleadj/planewave. htm.

Show More Hide
Cited By:

[1] K. Jayawardana, K. Wijewardena Gamalath, "Study on the Photonic Band Gaps of the Face Centered Cubic Crystals", International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, Vol. 70, p. 63, 2016