Through this paper, the hydrodynamic and thermal characteristics of a Newtonian fluid within a square cold enclosure containing four inner heaters, arranged in different manners, are numerically investigated. To do so, a developed computer code based on the finite volume method and the SIMPLER algorithm is used. The validity of the latter was ascertained after the comparison between the obtained results and the experimental and numerical ones already available in the literature. To make clear the effect of pertinent parameters such the Rayleigh number and the distance between these heaters, the phenomenon was reported by means of Streamlines, Isotherm plots, velocity and temperature profiles, with a special attention to the local and average Nusselt number evolution. As shown in the latter, taking into account the heaters’ arrangement into the enclosure leads to a significant improvement of the overall transfer. Consequently, powerful correlations predicting the heat transfer ratio into the cold square as a function of the heaters’ disposition are proposed which predict within ±1% the numerical results.
International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy (Volume 64)
K. Ragui et al., "Impact of Square Fuel Assemblies Arrangement on Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer Enhancement inside Water Filled Enclosures", International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, Vol. 64, pp. 144-158, 2016