Paper Titles in Periodical
International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy
ILCPA Volume 63

Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILCPA > ILCPA Volume 63 > The Effect of Molarity on some Physical Properties...
< Back to Volume

The Effect of Molarity on some Physical Properties of In2S3 Thin Films Deposited by Chemical Spray Pyrolysis Technique

Full Text PDF


In2S3 thin films were grown by the chemical spray pyrolysis (CSP) method using indium chloride and thiourea as precursors at a different molar ratio (0.05, 0.1, 0.15 and 0.2)M. The deposition was carried out at 400 °C on glass substrates. The film thickness is about 0.4 μm. The X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that all the films were polycrystalline in nature with a strong (311) plane as the preferred orientation and consisted of cubic phases. The evaluated crystallite size varied in the range of (7.32–8.32) nm with the increase of molarity concentration. Morphological analysis showed that the granular structure and the granular density decrease with the raise of molarity concentration. The optical properties of the layers were also investigated using UV-Vis. analysis, which indicated that all the In2S3 films had the optical transmittance (60-85)% with increasing in molarity in the visible region, and the evaluated energy band varied in the range of (3.5–3.3) eV with the raise of molarity. The purpose of the preparation of a thin film of indium sulfide at several rates is to get thin films with a high degree of chemical balance (Stoichometery) and a high degree of crystallization.


International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy (Volume 63)
N. F. Habubi et al., "The Effect of Molarity on some Physical Properties of In2S3 Thin Films Deposited by Chemical Spray Pyrolysis Technique", International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, Vol. 63, pp. 134-140, 2016
Online since:
January 2016

[1] D. Braunger, D. Hariskos, T. Walter, and H. W. Schock, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 40, 2 (1996) 97–102.

[2] A. A. El Sbazly, D. Abd Elhady, H. S. Metwally, and M. A. M. Seyam, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 10, 26 (1998) 5943–5954.

[3] M. Kilani, B. Yahmadi, N. K. Turki, and M. Castagné, Journal of Materials Science, 46, 19 (2011) 6293–6300.

[4] R. Nomura, S. Inazawa, K. Kanaya, and H. Matsuda, Applied Organometallic Chemistry, 3, 2 (1989) 195–197.

[5] N. Kamoun, S. Belgacem, M. Amlouk et al., Journal of Applied Physics, 89, 5 (2001) 2766–2771.

[6] Yu S., Shu L., Qian Y., Xie Y., Yang J., Yang L., Mater. Res. Bull. 33 (1998) 717.

[7] EL Shazly A. A., Abdelkady D., Metoually H. S., Segmam M. A. M., J. Phys. Condens. Matter. 10 (1998) 5943.

[8] Hariskos D, Menner R, Spiering S, Eicke A, Powalla M, Ellmer K, Oertel M, Dimmler B., Proceedings of 19th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Paris, France (2004) 4981–4981.

[9] Asikainen T., Ritala M., Leskela M., Appl. Surf. Sci. 82/83 (1994) 122.

[10] Bessergenev V.G., Ivanova E.N., Kovalevskaya Y.A., Gromilov S.A., Kirichenko V. N., Larionov S. V., Inorg. Mater. 32 (1996) 592.

[11] Teny Theresa John, Ph. D Thesis, Cochin University of Science and Technology, India (2004).

[12] Yasaki Y., Sonoyama N., Sakata T., J. Electroanal. Chem. 469 (1999) 116.

[13] T. T. John, C. Sudha Kartha, K. P. Vijayakumar, T. Abe, and Y. Kashiwaba, Vacuum, 80, 8 ( 2006) 870–875.


[14] T. T. John, S. Bini, Y. Kashiwaba et al., Semiconductor Science and Technology, 18, 6(2003) 491–500.

[15] M. Kraini, N. Bouguila, I. Halidou, A. Timoumi, S. Alaya, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing 16 (2013) 1388–1396.


[16] Yoshida T., Yamaguchi K., Toyoda H., Akao K., Sugiura T., Minoura H., Nosaka Y., Electrochem. Soc. Proc. 97–20 (1997) 37.

[17] Kaufmann C. et al., Proceedings of 28th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, Alaska, United States of America (2000).

[18] Sara Sadq mahmood, M. Sc. Thesis University of Baghdad, College of Science for women (2010).

Show More Hide
Cited By:
This article has no citations.