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International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy
Volume 60

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Effect of High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) on Structural and Optical Properties of (PP/PMMA) Blends

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Abstract:

In the present work, Polypropylene (PP) was blended with poly methyl methacrylate (PMMA) to form (PP/PMMA) polymer blends. High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) was mixed into these blends at different weight fractions (2,4,6,8) % wt to form (PP/PMMA/HDPE) blends were prepared using an one screw extruder. results obtained from Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) revealed that there was a reduction in surface roughness any decrease in clusters, drilling and bends, as for Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) spectrometry showed no change in the wave numbers of the functional groups. The optical properties of samples are investigated by measuring optical absorption spectra in the wavelength range from 260 to 1100 nm. this results show that Eg of the blends increases with increasing high density polyethylene contents, the indirect optical band gaps for (PP/PMMA) and (PP/PMMA/HDPE) blends were estimated to be about 2.83,2.9,2.95,3and 3.1 eV for indirect allowed transitions, whereas the indirect forbidden band gaps were determined as 2,2.1,2.15,2.2 and 2.3 eV with increase high density Polyethylene contents, respectively. The absorbance, absorption coefficient, extinction coefficient and the imaginary dielectric constant of (PP/PMMA/HDPE) decreases with increasing of HDPE percentages except the transmittance, refraction index and real part of the dielectric constant increase with increasing of high density polyethylene.

Info:

Periodical:
International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy (Volume 60)
Pages:
94-106
DOI:
10.18052/www.scipress.com/ILCPA.60.94
Citation:
M. A. Habeeb and A. H. Abbas, "Effect of High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) on Structural and Optical Properties of (PP/PMMA) Blends", International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, Vol. 60, pp. 94-106, 2015
Online since:
Sep 2015
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