Bagasse is a waste product from the sugar industry, which is usually used as energy source in factory at present. However, the amount of bagasse left is still high enough for more value-added product for example furfural. Bagasse is a good source of pentosan and containing about 25 to 27%. The main objective of the research was to produce furfural from bagasse. The main raw material for the production furfural was bagasse and some chemicals/ingredients were used (H2SO4, water, NaCl). Furfural is an important organic chemical, produced from agro industrial wastes and residues containing carbohydrates known as Pentosans. It is a basic chemical, which can be utilized in a variety of industries such as chemical industry, refining oil industry, food industry and agricultural industry. In its pure state, it is a colourless or yellow oily liquid with the odour of almonds, but upon exposure to air it quickly becomes yellow then brown and finally black, it is commonly known as furfuraldehyde.
International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy (Volume 57)
H. Gebre et al., "Synthesis of Furfural from Bagasse", International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, Vol. 57, pp. 72-84, 2015