The title role of malononitrile in the development of Knoevenagel condensation of organic synthesis and their new findings are explored in this review. The active methylene group of malononitriles is very important attacking part in the heterocyclic conversions and also having a great potency towards several microbial and biological systems.
International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy (Volume 57)
R. S. Dhivare and S.S. Rajput, "Malononitrile: A Versatile Active Methylene Group", International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, Vol. 57, pp. 126-144, 2015