Paper Titles in Periodical
International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy
ILCPA Volume 51

Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILCPA > ILCPA Volume 51 > Fractal Minkowski Antenna Loaded with Hilbert...
< Back to Volume

Fractal Minkowski Antenna Loaded with Hilbert Curve as Complementary Split Ring Resonator

Full Text PDF


Fractal Minkowski patch antenna is proposed. Classical complementary split ring resonator (CSRR) is slotted on the patch. For comparison, fractal Hilbert shape split ring resonator also slotted on the patch. These slots make the patch behaves as a left-handed material in certain frequency band. Minkowski fractal antenna has three resonance frequencies. The complementary split ring resonator and Hilbert ring affects the upper two frequencies and make the antenna resonate at lower frequencies. Lowering the resonance frequencies cause a reduction in antenna size. More reduction of antenna size is obtained when fractal Hilbert is used as complementary split ring resonator. The simulated results have been done by using (HFSS) software, which is based on finite element modeling. The measurement of fabricated antenna shows good agreement with simulation results


International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy (Volume 51)
A. B. Shaalan, "Fractal Minkowski Antenna Loaded with Hilbert Curve as Complementary Split Ring Resonator", International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, Vol. 51, pp. 78-86, 2015
Online since:
May 2015

Veselago V., et al. Negative Refractive Index Materials, Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience, Vol. 3, 2006, pp.1-30.

Veselago V. Electrodynamics of substrates with simultaneously negative values of and , Sov. Phys. Usp., Vol. 10, No. 4, 1968, pp.509-514.

Balmaz P., and Martin O. Electromagnetic resonances in individual and coupled split-ring resonators, JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS , V. 92, no. 5, pp.2929-2936.

Wu B., Li B., Su T., and Liang C. Study on Transmission Characteristic of Split-ring Resonator Defected Ground Structure, , PIERS ONLINE, Vol. 2, no. 6, 2006, pp.710-714.

Garg B., Singhal P. Improving Principle Design of Rectangular SRR based Metamaterial Structure with Negative μ and ε for Characteristics of Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna, , International Journal of Engineering Research, Vol. 1, no. 2, pp.38-44.

Sarkar D., Saurav K., and Vaibhav K. Design of a Novel Dual-band Microstrip Patch Antenna for WLAN/WiMAX Applications Using Complementary Split Ring Resonators and Partially Defected Ground Structure, , Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium proceedings, Taipei, March 25-28, (2013).

Bazrkar A., Gudarzi A., andMahzoonM. Miniaturization of rectangular patch antenna partially loaded with U-negative metamaterials, International conference on Electronics, Biomedical and Its Applications (ICEBEA), Dubai, 2012, pp.289-292.

Ye J., Cao Q., Tam W. Design and analysis of a miniature metamaterial microstrip patch antenna, IEEE Antrnna Technology (iWAT), Hong Kong, 2011, pp.290-293.

Huang J. A review of antenna miniaturization techniques for wireless applications, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, (2001).

Waterhouse R., Targonski S., Kokotoff M. Design and performance of small printed antennas, IEEE trans. Antennas, (1998).

Trippe A., Bhattacharya S., Papapolymerou J. Compact microstrip antennas on a high relative dielectric constant substrate at 60 GHz, IEEE Antennas and Propagation (APSURSI), Spokane, 2011, pp.519-520.

Ali J., Alsaedi H., Mohammed F., and Hammas H. APeano Fractal-based Dual-mode MicrostripBandpass Filters for Wireless Communication Systems, PIERS Proceedings, Moscow, Russia, , August 19-23, 2012, pp.888-892.

DipaliSoren, RowdraGhatak, Rabindra Kishore Mishra, DipakRanjanPoddar, Wideband Sierpinski Carpet Fractal Shaped Cylindrical Dielectric Resonator Antenna for X-Band Application, Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications, 4, 2012, pp.9-14.

Pendry J., Holden A., Robbins D., and Stewart W. Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenom-ena, , IEEE Trans. on MTT, Vol. 47, 1999, 2075-(2084).

Smith D., Padilla W., Wier D., Nemat-Nasser, and Schultz S. Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity, Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 84, 2000, pp.4184-4187.

Lee Y., Hao Y. Characterization of microstrip patch antennas on metamaterial substrates loaded with complementary split-ring resonators, Microwave And Optical Technology Letters, vol. 50, No. 8, August 2008, pp.2131-2135.

Prombutr N., Akkaraaektharin P. Analysis and Design Hilbert Curve Fractal Antenna Feed with Co-planar Waveguide for multi-band wireless communications, , International Journal of Engineering, Volume 2 Issue 3, (2007).

Kutter R. Fractal Antenna Design, B. Sc. Honor Thesis, BEE, University of Dayton, (1996).

Gianvittorio J. Fractal Antennas: Design, Characterization and Applications, ,M. Sc. thesis, University of California, Los Angeles, (2000).

Show More Hide
Cited By:

[1] I. Bangi, J. Sivia, "Minkowski and Hilbert curves based hybrid fractal antenna for wireless applications", AEU - International Journal of Electronics and Communications, Vol. 85, p. 159, 2018