Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILCPA > Volume 44 > Structural and Morphological Studies of...
< Back to Volume

Structural and Morphological Studies of Nanocrystalline Ceramic BaSr0.9Fe0.1TiO4

The article has appeared to be identical to the paper published by the same authors in the journal International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, volume 41, pp. 100-117, 2015. In accordance with the Retraction Guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics, the Editors decided to retract the article on the ground of the duplicate publication. Our policy is to ensure the publication of high quality scientific manuscripts that were not published before, are not being under review in any other journal or considered for publication anywhere. Thus, the paper has been declared retracted and marked properly.

Full Text PDF


The development of lead-free piezoelectric materials have gained great attention for the consideration of environmental protection. Nanosized BaSr0.9Fe0.1TiO4, a lead free perovskite phase structured ceramic was prepared via a high-energy ball milling process through mechanically assisted synthesis. The sample was analyzed by X-ray Diffraction (XRD), SEM and EDX. The XRD results and XPERT-PRO software analysis confirmed the orthorhombic system of the sample. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) analysis revealed that its crystallite size is in the nanometer range. The grain size was less than 100 nm and showed a strong tendency for agglomeration. It also confirmed with the calculated value from Debye Scherrer’s formula. EDX spectrum shows the elemental composition of the sample. Williamson-Hall Plot method was used to evaluate the size and lattice strain. The dislocation density and the morphology index of the sample were also calculated.


International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy (Volume 44)
R. Jacob et al., "Structural and Morphological Studies of Nanocrystalline Ceramic BaSr0.9Fe0.1TiO4", International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, Vol. 44, pp. 95-95, 2015
Online since:
January 2015

[1] J. Wang, D. Wan, J. M. Xue, W. B. Ng, Singapore Patent 9801566-2, (1998).

[2] J. Xue, D. Wan, S. E. Lee, J. Wang, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 82 (1999) 1687.

[3] J. Ding, T. Suzuki, P. G. Mc Cormic, J. Am. Ceram. Soc, 79 (1996) 2956.

[4] A. K. Giri, Adv. Mater., 9 (1997) 163.

[5] Rigoberto López-Juárez1, Federico González2 and María-Elena Villafuerte-Castrejón1.

[6] Ceramic materials-science and engineering,

[7] Xie, Q. and McCourt, F. (2008) Nanotechnology Engineering NE 320L Lab Manual. University of Waterloo, Waterloo,35-39.

[8] So, W.W., Jang, J.S., Rhee, Y.W., Kim, K.J. and Moon, S.J. (2001) Preparation of Nanosized Crystalline CdS Particles by the Hydrothermal Treatment. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 237, 136-141.


[9] Ghosh, S.C. and Thanachayanont, C. and Dutta, J. (2004).

[10] Thirugnanasambandan Theivasanthi 1*, Marimuthu Alagar1 -- Konjac Biomolecules Assisted–Rod/ Spherical Shaped Lead Nano Powder Synthesized by Electrolytic Process and Its Characterization Studies -Nano Biomed Eng ,Article ,ISSN 2150-5578


[11] Sirdeshmukh D.B., Sirdeshmukh L., Subhadra K.G. Micro- and macro-properties of solids: thermal, mechanical and dielectric properties. Springer, NewYork. (2006).


[12] Chinh N.Q., Gubicza J., Langdon T.G. Characteristics of face- centered cubic metals processed by equal-channel angular pressing. J. Mater. Sci. 2007; 42(5): 1594-1605.


[13] Weertman J.R. Hall-petch strengthening in nanocrystalline metals. Mater. Sci. Eng. A. 1993;166(1-2): 161-167.


[14] Subbaiah Y.P.V., Prathap P., Reddy K.T.R. Structural, electrical and optical properties of ZnS films deposited by close-spaced evaporation. Appl. Surf. Sci. 2006; 253(5): 2409-2415.


[15] Sing P., Kumar A., Kaushal A., Kaur D., Pandey A., Goyal .N. In situ high temperature XRD studies of ZnO nanopowder prepared via cost effective ultrasonic mist chemical vapour deposition. Bull. Mater.Sci. 2008; 31(3):573-577 ( Received 04 December 2014; accepted 16 December 2014 ).

Show More Hide
Cited By:
This article has no citations.