Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILCPA > ILCPA Volume 43 > Studies on Toxic Heavy Metals in Sediment...
< Back to Volume

Studies on Toxic Heavy Metals in Sediment Ecosystem of Mahim Creek near Mumbai, India

Full Text PDF


The present study was performed for the period of one year from June 2012 to May 2013 in order to understand the level of toxic heavy metals in the sediments of Mahim Creek near Mumbai. The annual average concentration of heavy metals like Pb, Cd, Cr, Zn, Cu, Ni and Hg was found to be 9.88, 2.33, 1.41, 33.31, 22.07, 32.21 and 32.06 ppm respectively. It is feared that this heavy metals accumulated in the creek sediments might affect the benthic macro invertebrates whose metabolic activities contribute to aquatic productivity. The results of present study indicates that the existing situation if mishandled can cause toxic effect on sediment dwelling organisms and fish, resulting in decrease survival, reduced growth, or impaired reproduction and lowered species diversity.


International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy (Volume 43)
P.U. Singare et al., "Studies on Toxic Heavy Metals in Sediment Ecosystem of Mahim Creek near Mumbai, India", International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, Vol. 43, pp. 62-70, 2015
Online since:
January 2015

P.U. Singare, Asian Journal of Environment and Disaster Management, 4(3), 323-332 (2012).

P. U. Singare, R.M. Mishra, M.P. Trivedi, Advances in Analytical Chemistry, 2(3), 1424 (2012).

P. U. Singare, R.M. Mishra, M.P. Trivedi, Frontiers in Science, 2(3), 28-36 (2012).

P. U. Singare, R.M. Mishra, M.P. Trivedi, Interdisciplinary Environmental Review, 13(4), 245-268 (2012).

P. U. Singare, R.M. Mishra, M.P. Trivedi, Resources and Environment, 1(1), 32-41 (2011).

Klean Environmental Consultants Pvt. Ltd., Mumbai, Survey Report on Mithi River Water Pollution and Recommendations for its Control', Report Submitted To Maharashtra Pollution Control Board (MPCB), Mumbai. Ref. No. 0407/Mpcb Mithi River Survey/ 109, July 10, (2004).

Untawale, A.G., 1986, India, Country Report: Asia. pp.51-87.

R. Bettinetti, C. Giarei and A. Provini, 2003, Chemical Analysis and Sediment Toxicity Bioassays to Assess the Contamination of the River Lambro (Northern Italy), Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 45, 72-78.

B.G. Lee, S.B. Griscom, J.S. Lee, H.J. Choi, C.H. Koh, S.N. Luoma, N.S. Fisher, Science 287, 282 (2000).

W. Maher, G.E. Batley, I. Lawrence, Freshw Biol., 41, 361 (1999).

S.K. Sahu, P.Y. Ajmal, G.G. Pandit, V.D. Puranik, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 164, 1573 (2009).

S. K. Jha, S. B. Chavan, G. G. Pandit, B. S. Negi, S. Sadasivan, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 76, 249 (2002).

P.U. Singare, M.V. A. Ansari and N.N. Dixit, International Letters of Natural Sciences, 10, 69-78(2014).

P.U. Singare, M.S. Talpade, D.V. Dagli, V.G. Bhawe, International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, 8(2), 105-112 (2013).

P.U. Singare, M.P. Trivedi, R.M. Mishra, American Journal of Chemistry, 2(3), 171180 (2012).

P.U. Singare, M.P. Trivedi, R.M. Mishra, Marine Science, 1(1), 22-29 (2011).

R.S. Lokhande, P.U. Singare, D.S. Pimple, The New York Science Journal, 4(9), 66-71 (2011).

P.U. Singare, Interdisciplinary Environmental Review, 12(4), 298-312 (2011).

P.U. Singare, R.S. Lokhande, S.S. Bhattacharjee, International Journal of Sustainable Society, 5(3), 296-308 (2013).

Abowei, J.F.N. and Sikoki, F.D., 2005, Water Pollution Management and Control, Double Trust Publications Company, Port Harcourt; ISBN: 978-30380-20-16, pp: 236.

A.P. Mucha, M.T.S.D. Vasconcelos, A.A. Bordalo, Environmental Pollution, 121, 169 -180 (2003).

S.M. Praveena, A. Ahmed, M. Radojevic, M.H. Abdullah, A.Z. Aris, Malaysian J. Anal. Sci., 11, 421-430 (2007).

P.U. Singare, Marine Science, 2(1), 1-5 (2012).

M. Chen, Ma, Lena Q., Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 65, 491 (2001).

G.H. Jeffery, J. Bassett, J. Mendham, R.C. Denny, Vogel's Textbook of Quantitative Chemical Analysis, Longman Scientific & Technical, England, 5th Edition, p.87, 788 (1989).

B. Koukal, J. Dominik, D. Vignati, P. Arpagaus, S. Santiago, B. Ouddane, L. Benaabidate, Environ. Poll., 131 (1), 163-172 (2004).

K.M. Mohiuddin, H.M. Zakir, K. Otomo, S. Sharmin, N. Shikazono, Int. J. Environ. Sci. Tech., 7 (1), 17-28 (2010).

E.C. Okafor, K. Opuene, Int. J. Environ. Sci. Tech., 4 (2) 233 - 240 (2007).

EPA. Ambient water quality criteria for lead - 1984. U.S. Environ. Protection Agency Rep. 440/5-84-027. p.81 Available from Natl. Tech. Infor. Serv., 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, Virginia 22161 (1985).

J.S. Feierabend, A.B. Russell, (eds. ), Lead poisoning in wild waterfowl - a workshop. National Wildlife Federation, 1412 Sixteenth St. NW, Washington, D.C. p.139 (1986).

FWS. Use of lead shot for hunting migratory birds in the United States. Final supplemental environmental impact statement. p.535 Available from U.S. Fish Wildlife Service, Office of Migratory Bird Management, Washington, D.C. 20240 (1986).

R. Lansdown, W. Yule (eds. ), Lead toxicity. History and environmental impact, Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, Baltimore, Maryland. p.286 (1986).

L.J. McDonald, Can. Vet. J., 27(3), 131-134 (1986).

G.C. Sanderson, F.C. Bellrose, Illinois Natural History Survey, Spec. Publ. (SP-04). 134 (1986).

N. Johri, G. Jacquillet, R. Unwin, BioMetals, 23(5), 783-792 (2010).

G. Nordberg, K. Nogawa, M. Nordberg, L. Friberg, Cadmium. In: Handbook on toxicology of metals. Nordberg, G., Fowler, B., Nordberg, M., Friberg, L. editors New York: Academic Press, pp.65-78 (2007).

A. Bernard, Biometals, 17(5), 519-523 (2004).

J. Godt, F. Scheidig, C.G. Siestrup, V. Esche, P. Brandenburg, A. Reich, D.A. Groneberg, J. Occup. Med. Toxicol., 1, 22 (2006).

W.N. Rom, Environmental and Occupational Medicine. 4th Ed. by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins (2007).

N.S. Tiwana, N. Jerath, G. Singh, M. Ravleen (Eds. ), Heavy metal pollution in Punjab Rivers, in Newsletter Environmental Information System (ENVIS), Punjab State Council for Science and Technology, India, 3(1) (2005).

Centre for Ecological Sciences., IISc Environmental Hand Book - Documentation on Monitoring and Evaluating Environmental Impacts, of Environmental Standards, Vol. 3, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore (2001).

US EPA. Wildlife Exposure Factor Handbook. Vol. 1 EPA/600/R-93/187a (1993).

M.T. Horne, W.A. Dunson, Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 29(4) 500-505 (1995).

B. Taub Frieda, Fish 430 lectures (Biological Impacts of Pollutants on Aquatic Organisms), University of Washington College of Ocean and Fishery Sciences, Seattle, WA (2004).

L.T. Haber, L. Erdreicht, G.L. Diamond, A.M. Maier, R. Ratney, Q. Zhao, M. Dourson, Regul. Toxicol. Pharmacol., 31(2), 210-230 (2000).

V. Diagomanolin, M. Farhang, M. Ghazi-Khansari, N. Jafarzadeh, Iran, Toxicol. Lett., 151 (1), 63 (2004).

F.W. Sunderman, (JR. ), S.M. Hopfer, M.C. Plowman, J. A Knight, Res. Commun. Chem. Pathol. Pharmacol., 70 (1), 103 (1990).

L. Favretto, B. Campisi, E. Reisenhofer, G. Adami, Anal. Chim. Acta, 344(3), 251- 259(1997). ( Received 22 November 2014; accepted 14 December 2014 ).

Show More Hide
Cited By:

[1] B. Pushkar, P. Sevak, S. Sounderajan, "Assessment of the bioremediation efficacy of the mercury resistant bacterium isolated from the Mithi River", Water Science and Technology: Water Supply, p. ws2018064, 2018


[2] B. Pushkar, P. Sevak, A. Singh, "Bioremediation treatment process through mercury-resistant bacteria isolated from Mithi river", Applied Water Science, Vol. 9, 2019