Thin films of bismuth oxide have been prepared utilizing vacuum evaporation. XRD anyalysis reveal that all the films were tetragonal polycrystalline structure with a preferred orientation along (002) plane. SEM images indicate that the grain size fall in the category of nanosize. AFM results assure that the nanonstructure behavior of thin films. Optical studies show that these films have a direct transition with optical energy gap equal to 2.5 eV.
International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy (Volume 34)
R. S. Ali "Structural and Optical Properties of Nanostructured Bismuth Oxide", International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, Vol. 34, pp. 64-72, 2014