An extreme 2012 October 23 solar flare event marked on the onset of the CALLISTO data, being one of the highest solar flare event that successfully detected. The formation of harmonic solar burst type II in meter region and their associated with X1.8-class solar flares has been reported. This burst has been observed at the National Space Centre, Banting, detected by the Compound Astronomical Low-cost Low-frequency Instrument for Spectroscopy and Transportable Observatory (CALLISTO) system in the range of 150-400 MHz in the low frequency band. It occurred between 3.17:45 UT to 3.19:00 UT within 1 minute 15 seconds. The Compound Astronomical Low-cost Low-frequency Instrument for Spectroscopy and Transportable Observatory CALLISTO spectrometer is a solar dedicated spectrometer system that has been installed all over the world to monitor the Sun activity in 24 hours. The growth of this burst is often accompanied by abundance enhancement of particles which may take the form of multiple independent drifting bands or other forms of fine structure. Due to the results, the drift rate of this burst is 2.116 MHz s–1, which is considered as a slow drift rate. These drifting bands are approximately having a frequency ratio 2:1. This burst is a particular interest, though of sporadic and infrequent occurrence. The splitting is due to the effect of magnetic splitting, analogous to the Zeeman Effect. This is one of the examples which the type II burst is not always associated with CMEs event. The combination of radio and x-ray region give a complete view of the solar flare eruption from e active region AR1598. Both different electromagnetic spectrum shows the exact time. Other interesting results is that this type II burst is not associated with CMEs as usual, but due to the very high solar flare event with a fundamental form at more than 100 MHz. An extension of the present work will be a detailed study of the possible triggering and the driving mechanism of solar flare explosion.
International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy (Volume 33)
Z. S. Hamidi et al., "Fundamental and Second Harmonic Bands of Solar Radio Burst Type II Caused by X1.8 - Class Solar Flares", International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, Vol. 33, pp. 208-217, 2014