In this article, an evaluation of the flux density of the solar radio burst is presented. A rod aluminium’s type as a conductor with nineteenth (19) elements of different sizes is being prepared to construct a log periodic dipole antenna (LPDA) from 45-870 MHz. The performance was carried out at the National Space Agency (PAN), Sg. Lang, Banting Selangor by connecting to the Compound Low Cost Low Frequency Spectroscopy Transportable Observatory (CALLISTO) spectrometer. The input impedance, R0 = 50 ohm is chosen for this LPDA antenna. From the analysis, the gain of the antenna is 9.3 dB. This antenna potentially captures a signal that covers about 0.08 m2 area of the Sun.The temperature of the burst that detected at the feedpoint of the antenna is 32 K. However, the signal becomes decrease to 28.75 K while by CALLISTO spectrometer as a receiver. It was also found that the isotropic source spectral power is 1576 W/Hz. Since the burst level above the background sky is 0.41 dB , the flux density of the burst is 5.5 x 10-21 W/m2/Hz. Based on the results, we conclude that this antenna is suitable for to observe the Sun activities at low frequency region.
International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy (Volume 26)
Z. S. Hamidi and N.N.M. Shariff, "Determination of Flux Density of the Solar Radio Burst Event by Using Log Periodic Dipole Antenna (LPDA)", International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, Vol. 26, pp. 21-29, 2014