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Pollution Discharge Scenario of Dyeing Industries along Dombivali Industrial Belt of Mumbai, India

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Abstract:

The paper deals with monitoring of pollution arising due to dyeing industries located along the Dombivali industrial belt of Mumbai, India. The study was carried for the period of one year from June, 2012 to May, 2013 to study the level of toxic heavy metals and the physico-chemical properties of waste water effluents discharged from the above industries. The concentrations of Cu, Ni, Cr, Pb, Fe and Zn were found to be maximum of 44.78, 2.50, 1.75, 1.45, 64.22 and 13.22 ppm respectively in the industrial waste water effluent.It was observed that the pH value was maximum of 12.30 in the month of June while the conductivity was found to be maximum of 48000 μmhos/cm in the month of February. The majority of physco-chemical parameters like alkalinity, salinity and total solid content (TS) were observed to be maximum in the month of February having values of 3578, 44.08 and 40450 ppm respectively. The high cyanide (0.18 ppm) and phosphate (112.90 ppm) levels were reported in the effluents released during the month of March. The industrial effluent released in the month of June was reported to have high hardness, chloride and COD content having the values of 743, 2381, 8957 ppm respectively; while the DO content was found to be very low of 2.77 ppm. The BOD content in the effluents was found to be maximum of 603 ppm in the month of October. The results of present study indicates that the existing situation if mishandled can cause irreparable ecological harm in the long term well masked by short term economic prosperity due to extensive industrial growth.

Info:

Periodical:
International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy (Volume 22)
Pages:
48-55
DOI:
10.18052/www.scipress.com/ILCPA.22.48
Citation:
P.U. Singare and S.S. Dhabarde, "Pollution Discharge Scenario of Dyeing Industries along Dombivali Industrial Belt of Mumbai, India", International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, Vol. 22, pp. 48-55, 2014
Online since:
Nov 2013
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