This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
 Introduction to water treatment, Vol. II (American Water Work Association], 1984, 118.
 Handbook of Industrial water Conditioning, 9th edition, Betz. Laboratories Inc., Trevose, USA), 1991, 118.
 Puchorius P. R., Brooke J. M. (1990). A new index for CaCO3 scale prediction in cooling water systems, (paper No. 90) presented at the NACE-corrosion Conf., Las Vegas, USA, 23-27 April (1990).
 Puchorius P. R., Brooke J. M. (1988). Effectively evaluating cooling water programme, (paper No. 17) presented at the NACE-corrosion Conf., St. Louis, USA, 21 - 25 March (1988).
 Langelier W. F., JAWWA 28(10) (1936) 1500-1521.
 Ryznar J. W., JAWWA 36 (1944) 472.
 P. Puckorius, Get A Better Reading on Scaling Tendency of Cooling Water, Power, p.79‐81, September, (1983).
 Ferguson R. J. (1992), Developing Scale Inhibitor Models, WATERTECH, Houston, TX.
 Ferguson R. (2011), Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Cooling Water Treatment, Association of Water Technologies.
 Ferguson R. J., A Kinetic Model for Calcium Carbonate Scale, CORROSION/84, Paper No. 46, (Houston, TX: NACE INTERNATIONAL 1984).
 Ferguson R. J., Developing Scale Inhibitor Models, WATERTECH, Houston, TX, 1992. 12, 13.
 Carrier Air Conditioning Company, 1965. Handbook of Air Conditioning System Design. McGraw-Hill Books. New York. ( Received 02 August 2013; accepted 07 August 2013 ).
 M. Shahid, M. Pyo, Y. Choi, "The operation of reverse osmosis system with CO 2 as a scale inhibitor: A study on operational behavior and membrane morphology", Desalination, Vol. 426, p. 11, 2018DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2017.10.020
 A. Helal, A. Soames, S. Iglauer, A. Barifcani, R. Gubner, "Effect of Pretreatment Process on Scale Formation in the Re-Boiler Section of Monoethylene Glycol Regeneration Plant", IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 495, p. 012106, 2019DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/495/1/012106