Paper Titles in Periodical
International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy
ILCPA Volume 15

Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILCPA > ILCPA Volume 15 > Effect Cd Doping on the Structural and Optical...
< Back to Volume

Effect Cd Doping on the Structural and Optical Properties of ZnO Thin Films

Full Text PDF


ZnO thin films with Cd/Zn nominal ratios of 0%, 1%, 3%, 5%, and 7% and thickness of 0.7 μm were prepared by chemical spray pyrolysis. X-ray diffraction patterns showed that the films have polycrystalline structures and peaks matching the hexagonal ZnO structure. Crystallite sizes ranged from about 35 nm to 87 nm. As the doping concentration increased, full width at half maximum values decreased and crystallite sizes increased. The UV-Vis spectra of the ZnO:Cd films showed high transparency in the visible region. The optical band gap of the ZnO:Cd films decreased from 3.255 eV to 3.17 eV with increasing Cd doping concentration. The transition type was direct, thereby allowing transition. The ZnO:Cd thin films were annealed at 400 °C, and annealing treatment showed improvements in the properties of the derived films.


International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy (Volume 15)
J.A. Najim and J.M. Rozaiq, "Effect Cd Doping on the Structural and Optical Properties of ZnO Thin Films", International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, Vol. 15, pp. 137-150, 2013
Online since:
June 2013

G. Li, X. Zhu, X. Tang, W. Song, Z. Yang, J. Dai, Y. Sun, X. Pan, S. Dai, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 509 (2011) 4816-4823.

A. A. Yousif, A. J. Haidar, N. F. Hbubi, Int. J. Nanoelctronics and Materials 5 (2012) 47-55.

C.M. Muiva, Y. S. Sathiaraj, K. Maabong, Ceramic International 37 (2011) 555-560.

J. Naya, S. Kimura, S. Nazaki, H. One, K. Uchida, Superlattices and Microstructures 42 (2007) 438-443.

G. Santana, A. Morales, O. Vigil, L. Vallant, F. Cruz, G. Contreras, Thin Solid Films 373 (2000) 235-238.

Y. Yang, H. Chen, B. Zhao, X. Bao, Journal of Crystal Growth 263 (2004) 447-453.

R. Ayouchi, D. Leinen, F. Martin Gapas, E. Dalchiele, J. R. Barrado, Thin Solid Films 426 (2003) 68-77.

F. Yakuphanoglu, S. Ilican, M. Caglar, Y. Caglar, Superlattice and Microstures 47 (2010) 732-743.

A. E. Suliman, Y. Tang, L. Solar Energ. Materials and Solar cells 91 (2007) 1658-1662.

S. D. Shine, G. E. Patil, D. D. Kajale, V. B. Gaikwad, G. H. Jain, Jornal of Alloys and Componds 528 (2012) 109-114.

F. Paraguay D., M. Miki-Yoshida, J. Morales, J. Solis, W. Estrada L., Thin Solid Films 373 (2000) 137-140.

R.Y. Hong, J. Z. Qion, J. X. Cao, Powder Technology 163 (2006) 160-168.

D. Zaouk, Y. Zaatar, R. Asmar Jabbour, Microelectronics Journa l37 (2006) 1276-1279.

M. Tortosa, M. B. Mair, Journal of Crystal Growth 304 (2007) 97-102.

H. S. Kang, S. H. Lim, J. W. Kim, H. W. Chany, G. H. Kim, S. Y. Lee, Y. Li , J. Lee, J. K. Lee, M. A. Nastusi, S. A. Crooker, Q. X. Jia, Jornal of Crystal Growth 287 (2006) 70-73.

K. J. Chen, T. H. Fang. F.Y. Hung, L. W. Ji, S. J. Chang, S. J. Young, Y. J. Hsiao, Applied Surface Science 254 (2008) 5791-5795.

K. Sakurai, T. Takagi, T. Kubo, D. Kajita, T. Tanabe, H. Takasu, S. Fujita, Sh. Fujita, Journal of Crystal Growth 237-239 (2002) 514-517.

A. Erol, S. Okur, B. Comba, O. Mermer, C. Arikan, Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 145(1) (2010) 174-180.

D. Zhao, Y. Liu, D. Shen. Y. Lu, J. Zhang , X. Fan, Journal of Crystal Growth 234 (2002) 427-430.

B. L. Zhu, C. S. Xie, D. W. Zeng, W. L. Song, A. H. Wang, Materials Chemistry and Physics 89 (2005) 148-153.

Z. Ben Achour, T. Ktar, B. O. Touagyar, B. Bessais, J. Ben Brahim, Sensors and Actuators A 134 (2007) 447-451.

C. Cumus, O. M. Ozkendir, H. Kavak, Y. Ufuk tepe, Journal of Opticalectronics and Advanced Material 8 (2006) 299-303.

F. Paraguay, W. Estrada, D. R. Acosta, E. Andrade, M. Miki-Yoshida, Thin Solid Films 350 (1999) 192-202.

S. Vijayalashmi, S. Venkataraj, R. Jayavel, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41 (2008) 245403 (7PP).

G. Santana, A. Morales, O. Vigil, L. Vallant, F. Cruz, G. Contreras, Thin Solid Films 373 (2000) 235-238.

D. Zhang, F. Zeng, J. Mate. Sci. 47 (2012) 2155-2161.

J. Z. Liu, P. X. Yan, G. H. Yue, J. B. Chang, R. F. Zhuo, D. M. Qu, Matterials Letters 60 (2006) 3122-3125.

P. Mitra, J. Khan, Material Chemistry and Physics 98 (2006) 279-284.

P. Prepelita, R. Medianu, B. Sbarcea, F. Garoi, M. Filipescu, Applied Science 256 (2010) 1807-1811.

Z. Bi. Ju, L. Jian-She, Z. Lei, J. Qing, Chin. Phy. Lett. 28 (2011) 016801.

A. Arora, Anil Arora, P. J. George, V. K. Dwivedi, V. Gupta, Sensors and Transducers Journal 117 (2010) 92-98.

Asmiet Ramizy, Z. Hassan, Khalid Omar, MBE. Journal of Nanopartical Research 13 (2011) 7139-7148.

S. Cimitan, S. Albonetti, L. Forni, F. Peri, D. Lazzari, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 329 (2009) 73-80.

S. Vijayalakshmi, S. Venkataraj, R. Jayavel, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41 (2008) 245403.

Saad F. Oboudi, Nadir F. Habubi, Ghuson H. Mohamed, Sami S. Chiad, International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy 8(1) (2013) 78-86. ( Received 02 June 2013; accepted 06 June 2013 ).

Show More Hide
Cited By:

[1] V. Devi, M. Kumar, R. Kumar, B. Joshi, "Effect of substrate temperature and oxygen partial pressure on structural and optical properties of Mg doped ZnO thin films", Ceramics International, Vol. 41, p. 6269, 2015


[2] S. Chalana, V. Ganesan, V. Mahadevan Pillai, "Surface plasmon resonance in nanostructured Ag incorporated ZnS films", AIP Advances, Vol. 5, p. 107207, 2015


[3] R. Zargar, M. Arora, M. Ahmad, A. Hafiz, "Synthesis and Characterization of Vanadium Doped Zinc Oxide Thick Film for Chemical Sensor Application", Journal of Materials, Vol. 2015, p. 1, 2015


[4] F. Boudjouan, A. Chelouche, T. Touam, D. Djouadi, Y. Ouerdane, "Influence of Pb doping on the structural, morphological and optical properties of sol–gel ZnO thin films", Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Vol. 41, p. 382, 2016


[5] F. Boudjouan, A. Chelouche, T. Touam, D. Djouadi, R. Mahiou, G. Chadeyron, A. Fischer, A. Boudrioua, "Doping effect investigation of Li-doped nanostructured ZnO thin films prepared by sol–gel process", Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, Vol. 27, p. 8040, 2016


[6] R. Zargar, M. Arora, S. Chackrabarti, S. Ahmad, J. Kumar, A. Hafiz, "Alcohol vapor sensing by cadmium-doped zinc oxide thick films based chemical sensor", Modern Physics Letters B, Vol. 30, p. 1650244, 2016


[7] . Dhruvashi, P. Shishodia, "Effect of cobalt doping on ZnO thin films deposited by sol-gel method", Thin Solid Films, Vol. 612, p. 55, 2016


[8] E. Vinoth, S. Gowrishankar, N. Gopalakrishnan, "RF magnetron sputtered Cd doped ZnO thin films for gas-sensing applications", Materials and Manufacturing Processes, Vol. 32, p. 377, 2017


[9] K. Devi, W. Singh, K. Singh, "Effect of Co doping on the structural and optical properties of ZnO nanospindles synthesized by co-precipitation method", Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, Vol. 28, p. 8211, 2017


[10] A. Chelouche, T. Touam, M. Tazerout, D. Djouadi, F. Boudjouan, "Effect of Li codoping on highly oriented sol-gel Ce-doped ZnO thin films properties", Journal of Luminescence, Vol. 188, p. 331, 2017


[11] P. Raghavendra, J. Bhat, N. Deshpande, "Enhancement of photoluminescence in Sr doped ZnO thin films prepared by spray pyrolysis", Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Vol. 68, p. 262, 2017


[12] R. R., S. K.S., G. K.G., "ZnO:Ag nanorods as efficient photocatalysts: Sunlight driven photocatalytic degradation of sulforhodamine B", Applied Surface Science, Vol. 427, p. 863, 2018


[13] S. Bhat, K. Sandeep, P. Kumar, S. Dharmaprakash, K. Byrappa, "Characterization of transparent semiconducting cobalt doped titanium dioxide thin films prepared by sol–gel process", Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, 2017


[14] K. Kumar, S. Valanarasu, V. Ganesh, . Shkir, A. Kathalingam, S. AlFaify, "Effect of Precursors on Key Opto-electrical Properties of Successive Ion Layer Adsorption and Reaction-Prepared Al:ZnO Thin Films", Journal of Electronic Materials, 2017


[15] A. Sudha, J. Henry, K. Mohanraj, G. Sivakumar, "Effect of Na doping on structural, optical, and electrical properties of Cu2Se thin films prepared by chemical bath deposition method", Applied Physics A, Vol. 124, 2018




[17] F. Prado, A. Cremades, D. Maestre, J. Ramírez-Castellanos, J. González-Calbet, J. Piqueras, "Controlled synthesis of lithium doped tin dioxide nanoparticles by a polymeric precursor method and analysis of the resulting defect structure", Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, p. 6299, 2018


[18] L. Ouarez, A. Chelouche, T. Touam, R. Mahiou, D. Djouadi, A. Potdevin, "Au-doped ZnO sol-gel thin films: an experimental investigation on physical and photoluminescence properties", Journal of Luminescence, 2018


[19] B. Rani, G. Ravi, R. Yuvakkumar, S. Ravichandran, F. Ameen, A. Al-Sabri, "Efficient, highly stable Zn-doped NiO nanocluster electrocatalysts for electrochemical water splitting applications", Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, 2018


[20] J. Saimon, S. Madhat, K. Khashan, A. Hassan, R. Mahdi, R. Nasif, "Synthesis of CdxZn1-xO nanostructure films using pulsed laser deposition technique", Vol. 2045, p. 020003, 2018


[21] A. Aboud, M. Shaban, N. Revaprasadu, "Effect of Cu, Ni and Pb doping on the photo-electrochemical activity of ZnO thin films", RSC Advances, Vol. 9, p. 7729, 2019


[22] M. Achehboune, M. Khenfouch, I. Boukhoubza, B. Mothudi, I. Zorkani, A. Jorio, "Hydrothermal Synthesis and structural characterization of Yb doped ZnO", Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Vol. 1292, p. 012021, 2019


[23] B. Rani, G. Ravi, R. Yuvakkumar, Z. Hasan, S. Ravichandran, S. Hong, "Binder free, robust and scalable CuO@GCE modified electrodes for efficient electrochemical water oxidation", Materials Chemistry and Physics, p. 122321, 2019


[24] A. Hafdallah, A. Guedri, M. Aida, N. Attaf, "Effect of Solution Concentration in the Optical and Structural Properties of ZnO Thin Films", Diffusion Foundations, Vol. 18, p. 113, 2018


[25] J. Madhavi, "Comparison of average crystallite size by X-ray peak broadening and Williamson–Hall and size–strain plots for VO2+ doped ZnS/CdS composite nanopowder", SN Applied Sciences, Vol. 1, 2019


[26] A. Attaf, A. Derbali, H. Saidi, H. Benamra, M. Aida, N. Attaf, H. Ezzaouia, L. Derbali, "Physical properties of Pb doped ZnS thin films prepared by ultrasonic spray technique", Physics Letters A, p. 126199, 2019


[27] S. Sen, T. Paul, S. Dutta, M. Hossain, M. Mia, "XRD peak profile and optical properties analysis of Ag-doped h-MoO3 nanorods synthesized via hydrothermal method", Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, 2019


[28] R. Indrakanti, V. Brahmaji Rao, C. Udaya Kiran, "Optical parameters of gallium nitride doped ferrite–polypyrrole nanocomposites", Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, 2020


[29] S. Al-Shomar, "Investigation the effect of doping concentration in Ruthenium-doped TiO2 thin films for solar cells and sensors applications", Materials Research Express, Vol. 7, p. 036409, 2020


[30] K. Nadeem, H. Rehman, F. Zeb, E. Ali, M. Kamran, N. Noshahi, H. Abbas, "Magnetic phase diagram and dielectric properties of Mn doped CoCr2O4 nanoparticles", Journal of Alloys and Compounds, p. 155031, 2020


[31] J. Henry, T. Daniel, V. Balasubramanian, K. Mohanraj, G. Sivakumar, "Temperature dependent electrical and optical properties with higher photosensitivity of Cu2Se absorber thin films for photo voltaic application", Inorganic and Nano-Metal Chemistry, p. 1, 2020

Show More Hide