Paper Titles in Periodical
International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy
Volume 13


Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

ILCPA > Volume 13 > Heavy Metal Content in Water of Bhavan’s College...
< Back to Volume

Heavy Metal Content in Water of Bhavan’s College Lake of Andheri, Mumbai

Full Text PDF


The present research work deals with the quantification of toxic heavy metals in the water samples collected from Lake of the Bhavan’s College campus of Andheri, Mumbai. The results of the present investigation indicates that yearly average concentration of toxic heavy metals like Pb, Zn, Cr, Fe and Hg was 0.16, 5.56, 2.09, 5.19 and 0.02 ppm respectively which were very much above their permissible limits set for inland surface water, while the yearly average concentration of Ni was found to be 2.76 ppm which was close to the maximum limit of 3.0 ppm. The results of the present investigation points out the need to implement common objectives, compatible policies and programs for improvement in treatment facilities for the treatment of discharged sewage and laboratory effluents.


International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy (Volume 13)
P.U. Singare et al., "Heavy Metal Content in Water of Bhavan’s College Lake of Andheri, Mumbai", International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, Vol. 13, pp. 94-104, 2013
Online since:
Sep 2013

[1] Aghor A.,. Chemicals make Thane creek the worst polluted waterbody, Daily DNA, August 4, 2007. Mumbai, India, 2007, Obtained through the Internet: http: /www. dnaindia. com/mumbai/report_chemicals -make-thane-creek-the-worst- pollutedwaterbody_1115439 [Accessed 01/03/2010].

[2] Singare P. U., Mishra R. M., Trivedi M. P., Frontiers in Science. 2(3) (2012) 28-36.

[3] Singare P. U., Mishra R. M., Trivedi M. P., Advances in Analytical Chemistry 2(3) (2012) 14-24.

[4] Singare P. U., Trivedi M. P., Mishra R. M., Science and Technology 2(4) (2012) 87-97.

[5] Singare P. U., Trivedi M. P., Mishra R. M., American Journal of Chemistry 2(3) (2012) 171-180.

[6] Lokhande R. S., Singare P. U., Pimple D. S., World Environment 1(1) (2011) 6-13.

[7] Lokhande R. S., Singare P. U., Pimple D. S., Resources and Environment. 1(1) (2011) 13-19.

[8] Singare P. U., Interdisciplinary Environmental Review 12(4) (2011) 298-312.

[9] Singare P. U., Thane lakes high on metal content: Study, Daily Times of India, August 10, 2011. Mumbai, India.

[10] Singare P. U., Lokhande R. S., Bhanage S. V., International Journal of Global Environmental Issues. 11(1) (2011) 79-90.

[11] Singare P. U., Lokhande R. S., Naik K. U., Interdisciplinary Environmental Review 12(3) (2011) 215-230.

[12] Singare P. U., Lokhande R. S., Naik K. U., Interdisciplinary Environmental Review 11(1) (2010) 90-107.

[13] Spooner D. R., Maher W., Otway N., Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 45(1) (2013) 92-101.

[14] Saxena D. K., Srivastava K., Singh S., Current Science 94(7) (2008) 901-904.

[15] Moore J. W., Ramamoorthy S., Heavy Metals in Natural Waters: Applied Monitoring and Impact Assessment, Springer-Verlag, New York 1984, pp.28-246.

DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4612-5210-8_11

[16] Lokhande R. S., Kelkar N., Indian Journal of Environmental Protection 19(9) (1999) 664-668.

[17] Menounou N., Presley B. J., Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 45(1) (2003) 11-29.

[18] Swamy Y. V., Roy Chaudhury G., Das S. N., Sengupta S., Muduli R., Current Science 91(10) (2006) 1409-1412.

[19] Jha S. K., Chavan S. B., Pandit G. G., Negi B. S., Sadasivan S., Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 76(2) (2002) 249-262.

DOI: 10.1023/a:1015579913509

[20] Sharma R. K., Agrawal M., Marshall F. M., Effects of waste water irrigation on heavy metal accumulation in soil and plants, Paper presented at the National Seminar, Bangalore University, Bangalore 2004, India.

[21] Patil D., A lot's fishy about our creek and lake fish. Daily Times of India. March 22, Mumbai 2009, India. Obtained through the Internet: http: /timesofindia. indiatimes. com/city/thane/Alots-fishy-about-our- creek-and- lake fish/articleshow/4298566. cms [Accessed 01/03/2010].

[22] Adams W. J., Kimerle R. A., Barnett J. W. Jr., Environ. Sci. Technol. 26(10) (1992) 1864-1875.

[23] Maher W., Batley G. E., Lawrence I., Freshwater Biol. 41(2) (1999) 361-372.

[24] Clesceri L. S., Standard methods for the examination of Water and waste water. In Arnold, E., Greenbergy, Eaton, A.D. (Eds. ): Collection and Preservation of Samples And Metals, pp.1-27, pp.1-35, pp.3-1, pp.3-21, APHA, AWWA, WEF, Washington DC (1998).

[25] Paar A., Microwave Sample Preparation System –Instruction Handbook, Anton Paar GmbH, Austria 1998, p.128.

[26] Sachdev S. L., West P. W., Environmental Science & Technology 4(9) (1970) 749-751.

[27] Chen M., Ma L. Q., Soil Science Society of American Journal 65(2) (2001) 491-499.

[28] The Environment (Protection) Rules. Available on Internet: cpcb. nic. in/GeneralStandards. pdf. Assessed on: November, 2011, (1986).

[29] Tiwana N. S., Jerath N., Singh G., Ravleen (Eds. ), Heavy metal pollution in Punja Rivers, in Newsletter Environmental Information System (ENVIS), Punjab State Council for Science and Technology, India, 3(1) (2005) 3.

[30] Centre for Ecological Sciences., IISc Environmental Hand Book – Documentation on Monitoring and Evaluating Environmental Impacts, of Environmental Standards, Vol. 3, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 2001, (2001).

[31] US EPA. 1993. Wildlife Exposure Factor Handbook. Vol. 1 EPA/600/R-93/187a.

[32] Horne M. T., Dunson W. A., Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 29(4) (1995) 500-505.

[33] Taub Frieda B., Fish 430 lectures (Biological Impacts of Pollutants on Aquatic Organisms), University of Washington College of Ocean and Fishery Sciences, Seattle 2004, WA.

[34] Bradl H., Heavy Metals in the Environment: Origin, Interaction and Remediation, Elsevier/Academic Press, London (2005).

[35] Wright D. A., Welbourn P., Environmental Toxicology, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2002, U. K.

[36] Baldwin D. H., Sandahl J. F., Labenia J. S., Scholz N. L. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 22(10) (2003) 2266-2274.

[37] ATSDR, Toxicological Profile for Copper. U. S Public Health Service. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta 1990, G. A.

[38] Kabata-Pendias A., Pendias H., Trace Elements in Soils and Plants. 2nd ed. CRC Press, Boca Raton 1992, p.365.

DOI: 10.1201/9781420039900

[39] Vymazal J., Algae and Element Cycling in Wetlands. Lewis Pub., Boca Raton 1995, p.689.

[40] Ezeonyejiaku C. D., Obiakor, M. O., Ezenwelu C. O., Online Journal of Animal and Feed Research 1(4) (2011) 130-134.

[41] Alabaster J. S., Lloyds R., Water quality criteria for freshwater fish. Second edition, Butterworths publication, London 1982, p.361.

[42] Hess R., Schmid B., J. Paediatr. Haematol. /Oncol. 24 (2002) 582-584.

[43] Sunderman F. W., Arch Ind. 20(1) (1959) 36-41.

[44] Khunyakari R. P., Vrushali T., Sharma R. N., Tare V., Journal of Environmental Biology. 22(2) (2001) 141-144.

[45] Ruby S. M., Hull R., Anderson P., Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 38(1) (2000) 46-51.

[46] Pyatt A. J., Pyatt F. B., Pentreath V. W., Invertebr Neurosci. 4(3) (2002) 135-140.

[47] Rozsa K. S., Salanki J., Cell Mol. Neurobiol. 14(6) (1994) 735-754.

[48] Szucs A., Salanki J., Rozsa K. S., Cell Mol. Neurobiol. 14(6) (1994) 769-780.

[49] Ember L., Environ. Sci. Tech. 9(13) (1975) 116-121.

[50] Sharma D. C., Pant R. C., Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A 29(5) (1994) 941-948.

[51] Ali N. A., Ater M., Sunahara G. L., Robidoux P. Y., Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 57(3) (2004) 363-374.

[52] Dube B. K., Tewari K., Chatterjee J., Chaterejee C.,. Chemosphere. 53(9) (2003) 1147-1153.

[53] Chatterjee J., Chatterjee C., Environ. Pollut. 109(1) (2000) 69-74.

[54] Cervantes C., Campos-Garcia J., Debars S., Gutierrez-Corona F., Loza-Tavera H., Carlos-Tarres-Guzman M., Moreno-Sanchez R., FEMS Microbiol. Rev. 25(3) (2001) 335-347.

DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6976.2001.tb00581.x

[55] Rai U. N., Tripathi R. D., Kumar N., Glaucocystis nostochinearum ltzigsohn. Chromosphere. 25 (1992) 721-732.

[56] AMAP. Assessment report: Arctic pollution issues. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme, Oslo (1998).

[57] Nordic Council of Ministers Cadmium Review, January 2003. Report no. 1, Issue no. 04.

[58] WHO. Cadmium - environmental aspects. Environmental Health Criteria 135. World Health Organisation, International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS), Geneva 1992, Switzerland.

[59] Dallinger R., Prosi F., Segner H., Back H., Oecologia. 73(1) (1987) 91-98.

[60] Kehrig H.A., Malm O., Moreira I., Sci. Tot. Environ. 213(1-3) (1998) 263-271.

[61] www. cleanestuary. org/publications/files/CEP_hg_CM. Jan 2006, Conceptual model of mercury for CEP.

[62] Neff J. M., Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 16(5) (1997) 917-927.

[63] Cai L., Liu G., Rensing C., Wang G., BMC Microbiology 9(4) (2009), doi: 10. 1186/1471-2180-9-4.

[64] Kazi T. G., Arain M. B., Baig J. A., The Science of the Total Environment. 407(3) (2009) 1019-1026.

[65] Gbaruko B. C., Ana G. R. E. E., Nwachukwu J. K., African Journal of Biotechnology 7(25) (2008) 4737-4742.

[66] Das H. K., Mitra A. K., Sengupta P. K., Hossain A., Islam F., Rabbani, G. H., Environment International. 30(3) (2004) 383-387.

Show More Hide