Subscribe

Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

IJPPE > Volume 11 > Ethnoveterinary Medicines: A Potential Alternative...
< Back to Volume

Ethnoveterinary Medicines: A Potential Alternative to Animal Health Care for the Tribal Communities of Koraput, Odisha

Full Text PDF

Abstract:

Medicinal plants play an important role throughout the world for the treatment and prevention of various diseases of both human and animal. The tribal communities of Koraput still depends on medicinal plants for their first aid remedies to treat some simple ailments of livestock. The present study was initiated to quantitatively document their indigenous knowledge on the utilization of most common medicinal plants for livestock treatment. A total of 40 field surveys were carried out from August 2015 to October 2016 in order to document the utilization of medicinal plants. The ethnoveterinary information was collected through structure interviews among the traditional healers and local livestock farmers . The collected data were analyzed through use value (UV), informant consensus factor (Fic) and fidelity level (FL). A total of 56 species of plants distributed in 54 genera belonging to 36 families were identified as commonly used medicinal plants by the tribal communities of Koraput for the treatment of 20 types of ailments. These ailments were categorized into 9 ailment categories based on the body systems treated. Leaves were the most frequently used plant parts and most of the medicines were prepared in the form of paste and administered orally. Fic values of the present study indicated that there was a high agreement in the use of plants in the treatment of wound infections, dysentery and eye problems among the users. Dermatological infections/diseases and gastro-intestinal disorders had highest use-reports and 2 species of plants had the highest fidelity level of 100%. The most important species according to their use value were Curcuma longa , Ficus religiosa , Aloe vera, Ziziphus mauritiana, Tridax procumbens and Vitex negundo. As a result of the present study it can be recommend the plants Aloe vera, Azadirachta indica, Calotropis procera, Curcuma longa, Datura metel, Ficus religiosa, Ziziphus mauritiana, Vitex negundo and Tridax procumbens can be investigated further for their ethnopharmacological properties for the discovery of potential new drugs for veterinary treatment.

Info:

Periodical:
International Journal of Pharmacology, Phytochemistry and Ethnomedicine (Volume 11)
Pages:
26-38
Citation:
K. C. Lenka et al., "Ethnoveterinary Medicines: A Potential Alternative to Animal Health Care for the Tribal Communities of Koraput, Odisha", International Journal of Pharmacology, Phytochemistry and Ethnomedicine, Vol. 11, pp. 26-38, 2018
Online since:
October 2018
Export:
Distribution:
References:

[1] M. Ayyanar, S. Ignacimuthu, Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants commonly used by Kani tribals in Tirunelveli hills of Western Ghats, India, J. Ethnopharmacol. 134 (2011) 851–864.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2011.01.029

[2] P.A. Cox, M.J. Balick, The ethnobotanical approach to drug discovery, Scientific Am. (1994) 60-65.

[3] D.S. Fabricant, N.R. Farnsworth, The value of plants used in traditional medicine for drug discovery, Environ. Health Perspect. 109 (2001) 69–75.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.01109s169

[4] J. Friedmen et al., A preliminary classification of the healing potential of medicinal plants, based on a rational analysis of an ethnopharmacological field survey among Bedouins in the Negev desert, Israel, J. Ethnopharmacol. 16 (1986) 275–287.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-8741(86)90094-2

[5] S .Ganesan, M. Chandhirasekaran, A. Selvaraju, Ethno-veterinary health care practices in Southern districts of Tamil Nadu, Indian J. Trad. Knowled. 7 (2008) 347-354.

[6] S. Geetha, G. Lakshmi, P. Ranjithakani, Ethnoveterinary medicinal plants of Kollihills, Tamil Nadu, J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 12 (2006) 284-291.

[7] A. Ghorbani, Studies on pharmaceutical ethnobotany in the region of Turkmen Sahra, north of Iran (Part 1): general results, J. Ethnopharmacol. 102 (2005) 58–68.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2005.05.035

[8] M. Giday, Z. Asfaw, Z. Woldu, Medicinal plants of the Meinit ethnic group of Ethiopia: an ethnobotanical study, J. Ethnopharmacol. 124 (2009) 513–521.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2009.05.009

[9] H.H. Haines, 1921-1925. The botany of Bihar and Odisha, Vol. I-III. Calcutta, Sri Gauranga Press.

[10] V.H. Harsha, V. Shripathi, G.R. Hegde, Ethnoveterinary practices in Uttara Kannada districts of Karnataka, Indian J. Trad. Knowled. 4 (2005) 253-258.

[11] M. Heinrich et al., Medicinal plants in Mexico: healers' consensus and cultural importance, Soc. Sci. Med. 47 (1998) 91–112.

[12] M.A. Khan, M.A. Khan, M. Hussain, Ethno Veterinary medicinal uses of plants of Poonch Valley Azad Kashmir, Pak. J. Weed Sci. Res. 18(4) (2012) 495-507.

[13] S. Kiruba, S. Jeeva, S.S.M. Dhas, Enumeration of ethnoveterinary plants of Cope Comorin, Tamil Nadu, Indian J. Trad. Knowled. 7 (2006) 576-578.

[14] W.M. Kone, K.K. Atindehou, Ethnobotanical inventory of medicinal plants used in traditional veterinary medicine in Northern Cote d'Ivoire (West Africa), South Afr. J. Bot. 74 (2008) 76-84.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2007.08.015

[15] P.J. Masika, A.J. Afolayan, An ethnobotanical study of plants used for the treatment of livestock diseases in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Pharm. Biol. 41 (2003) 16-21.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1076/phbi.41.1.16.14694

[16] H.R. Meena et al., Animal husbandry practices at high altitude (> 6000 feet) in Kumaon region of Uttarakhand, India, Livest. Res Rural Dev. 19 (2007) 11.

[17] Merwea, D.van der., Swana, G. E. and Botha, C. J.. Use of ethnoveterinary medicinal plants in cattle by Setswana-speaking people in the Madikwe area of the North West Province of South Africa, J. S. Afr. vet. Assoc. 72(4) (2001) 189–196.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v72i4.651

[18] S. Mishra, S.S. Chaudhury, Ethnobotanical flora used by four major tribes of Koraput, Odisha, India, Genet. Resour. Crop Evol. 59 (2012) 793–804.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-011-9719-0

[19] S. Mishra et al., Wild edible tubers (Dioscorea spp.) and their contribution to the food security of tribes of Jaypore tract, Orissa, India, PGR. Newsletters. 156 (2008) 63-67.

[20] O. Phillips et al., Quantitative ethnobotany and Amazonian conservation, Conserv. Biol. 8 (1994) 225–248.

[21] P.C. Phondani, R.K. Maikhuri, C.P. Kala, Ethnoveterinary uses of medicinal plants among traditional herbal healers in alaknanda catchment of Uttarakhand, India, Afr. J. Trad. CAM. 7(3) (2010) 195 – 206.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4314/ajtcam.v7i3.54775

[22] C.H. Rahman, A. Ghosh, S. Mandal, Studies on the Ethno veterinary medicinal plants used by the tribes of Birbhum district, West Bengal, Indian J. Trad. Knowled. 33 (2009) 333-338.

[23] N. Rajakumar, M.B. Shivanna, Ethnomedicinal application of plants in the eastern region of Shimoga District, Karnataka, India, J. Ethnopharmacol. 126 (2009) 64–73.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2009.08.010

[24] K.N. Reddy et al., Ethnoveterinary medicine for treating live stock in eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India, Indian J. Trad. Knowled. 5 (2006) 368-372.

[25] M.B. Rokaya, Z. Munzbergova, B. Timsina, Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants from the Humla district of western Nepal, J. Ethnopharmacol. 130 (2010) 485–504.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2010.05.036

[26] V. Satya, C.M. Solanki, Indigenous knowledge of veterinary medicines among tribes of West Nimar, Madhya Pradesh. Indian, J. Trad. Knowled. 33 (2009) 896-902.

[27] H.O. Saxena, M. Brahmam, 1994-1996. The Flora of Orissa. 4 vols. Orissa Forest Development Corporation Ltd. and Regional Research Laboratory, Bhubaneswar.

[28] J.R.S. Tabuti, S.S. Dhillion, K.A. Lye, Ethnoveterinary medicines for cattle (Bos indicus) in Bulamogi county, Uganda: plant species and mode of use, J. Ethnopharmacol. 88 (2003) 279-286.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0378-8741(03)00265-4

[29] A. Tariq et al., Ethnoveterinary Study of Medicinal Plants in a Tribal Society of Sulaiman Range, Scientific World J. (2014) 10.

[30] R.T. Trotter, M.H. Logan, Informants consensus: a new approach for identifying potentially effective medicinal plants, in: N.L. Etkin (Ed.), Plants in Indigenous Medicine and Diet. Redgrave Publishing Company, Bedford Hill, NY, 1986, p.91–112.

[31] S.S. Yadav et al., Ethnoveterinary Medicinal Plants of Tosham Block of District Bhiwani (Haryana) India, J. App. Pharm. Sci. 4(6) (2014) 40-48.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7324/japs.2014.40606

[32] H. Yineger et al., Ethnoveterinary medicinal plants at Bale Mountains National Park, Ethiopia, J. Ethnopharmacol. 112 (2007) 55-70.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2007.02.001
Show More Hide
Cited By:
This article has no citations.