Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

IJET > IJET Volume 8 > The Effect of Heat Treatment on the Mechanical...
< Back to Volume

The Effect of Heat Treatment on the Mechanical Properties of SAE 1035 Steel

Full Text PDF


The effect of various heat treatment operations (annealing, normalizing, tempering) on mechanical properties of 0.35% carbon steel was investigated. The change in the value of endurance limit of the material as a result of the various heat-treatment operations were studied thoroughly. It was found that the specimens tempered at low temperature (200°C) exhibited the best fatigue strength. Microscope was used to characterize the structural properties resulting from different heat treatment processes. The results from the tensile tests impact tests and hardness tests showed that the mechanical properties variate at every heat-treatment conditions. The microstructure of differently heat-treated steels was also studied.


International Journal of Engineering and Technologies (Volume 8)
O. Obiukwu et al., "The Effect of Heat Treatment on the Mechanical Properties of SAE 1035 Steel", International Journal of Engineering and Technologies, Vol. 8, pp. 32-43, 2016
Online since:
August 2016

[1] M.A.S. Torres, H.J.C. Voorwald, An evaluation of shot peening, residual stress and stress relaxation on the fatigue life of AISI 4340 steel, Int. J. Fatigue. 24(8) (2002) 877-886. [doi: 10. 1016/S0142- 1123(01)00205-5].


[2] A. Fatemi, L . Yang, Cumulative Fatigue Damage, Life Prediction Theories: a Survey of the State of The Art for Homogeneous Material, International Journal of Fatigue. 20 (1998) 9-34.


[3] J.A. Bannantine, J.J. Comer, J.L. Handrock, Fundamentals of metal fatigue analysis, Prentice Hall, New York, (1990).

[4] F. Gunnberg, M. Escursell, M. Jacobson, The influence of cutting parameters on residual stresses and surface topography during hard turning of 18MnCr5 case carburised steel, J Mater Proc Technol. 174 (2006) 82–90.


[5] D.Y. Wei, J.L. Gu, H.S. Fang, B.Z. Bai, Z.G. Yang, Fatigue Behavior of 1500 MPa Bainite/Martensite Duplex-Phase High Strength Steel, International Journal of Fatigue. 26(4) (2004) 437-442.


[6] S. Zahid, P.P. Hector, A. Salam, J. Ahmad, Effect of different phase proportion of martensite on the mechanical properties of dual phase steel, Journal of Scientific Research. XXXIX (2) (2009).

[7] M.A. Maleque, Y.M. Poon H.H. Masjuki, The Effect of Intercritical Heat Treatment on the Mechanical Properties of AISI 3115 Steel, Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 153-154(1-3) (2004) 482-48.


[8] C. Adnan, Effect of Cooling rate on Hardness and Microstructure of AISI 1020, AISI 1040 and AISI 1060 Steels, Int. J. of Phys. Sci. 4(9) (2009) 514-518.

[9] G. Golañski, Effect of the heat treatment on the structure and properties of cast steel, Archives of material science and engineering. 46(2) (2010) 88-97.

[10] K.K. Alaneme, I.M. Momoh, Mechanical Properties and Corrosion Sensitivity of Dual Phase Medium Carbon Low Alloy Steel, ANNALS of Faculty Engineering Hunedoara – International Journal of Engineering. 12 (2012).

[11] S.Z. Qamar, Effect of Heat Treatment on mechanical properties of H11 tool steel, Journal of Achievements in materials and manufacturing engineering, 35(2) (2009) 115-120.

[12] S.K. Saha, L. Prasad, V. Kumar, Experimental Investigations On Heat Treatment Of Cold Work Tool Steels: Part 1, International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications. 2(2) (2012) 510-519.

[13] S.Z. Qamar, Effect of Heat Treatment on Mechanical properties of H11 tool steel, Journal of Achievements in materials and manufacturing engineering. 35(2) (2009) 115-120.

[14] V.K. Murugan, P. Koshy Mathews, Effect of Tempering Behavior on Heat Treated Medium Carbon (C 35, Mn 75) Steel, International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology. 2(4) (2013).

Show More Hide
Cited By:
This article has no citations.