In this paper, Frenet vector fields, curvature and torsion of the natural lift curve of a given curve is calculated by using the angle between Darboux vector field and the binormal vector field of the given curve in 3/1 . Also, a similar calculation is made in 3/1 considering timelike or spacelike Darboux vector field.
The Bulletin of Society for Mathematical Services and Standards (Volume 2)
E. Ergün et al., "The Frenet Vector Fields and the Curvatures of the Natural Lift Curve", The Bulletin of Society for Mathematical Services and Standards, Vol. 2, pp. 38-43, 2012