Subscribe to our Newsletter and get informed about new publication regulary and special discounts for subscribers!

BMSA > Volume 8 > Nutritional Status of Fishermen Communities:...
< Back to Volume

Nutritional Status of Fishermen Communities: Validation of Conventional Methods with Discriminant Function Analysis

Full Text PDF


Anthropological methods of assessing nutritional status of adults have been reinvestigated. Objective of the study is to detect the predictor variables that discriminate for under nutrition or Chronic Energy Deficiency (CED) by two conventional methods e.g. Body Mass Index (BMI) and Mid Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC). Discriminant function analysis was used to build valid and accurate predictive model for evaluating nutritional status. Anthropometric measurements were collected using standard techniques and used as independent variables. Recommended cut-off values of BMI and MUAC was used for evaluating nutritional status. The extent of CED (BMI < 18.5) was found 43.50% and prevalence of under-nutrition in terms of MUAC (MUAC < 23.0 cm for Male and < 22.0 cm for Female) was 21.7%. Discriminant function analysis reveals that 85.7% and 72.0% individuals were classified correctly in terms of nutritional status. Therefore, BMI is the good indicator for detecting malnutrition. Fat mass discriminates between groups.


Bulletin of Mathematical Sciences and Applications (Volume 8)
B. Pal et al., "Nutritional Status of Fishermen Communities: Validation of Conventional Methods with Discriminant Function Analysis", Bulletin of Mathematical Sciences and Applications, Vol. 8, pp. 49-59, 2014
Online since:
May 2014

Antwi, S. 2008. Malnutrition: Missed opportunities for diagnosis., Ghana Medical Journal 42: 101-104.

Bharati, S., M. Pal, B.N. Bhattacharya and P. Bharati. 2007. Prevalence and causes of chronic energy deficiency and obesity in Indian women., Human Biology 79: 395-412.

Bisai, S. and K. Bose. 2008. Body Mass Index and Chronic Energy Deficiency among Adult Tribal Populations of West Bengal: A Review., Tribes and Tribals 2: 87-94.

Blake, R.E., L.H. Allen, Z.A. Bhutta, L.E. Caulfield, M.D. Onis, M. Ezzati, C. Mathers and J. Rivera. 2008. Maternal and child undernutrition: global and regional exposers and health consequence., Lancet 371: 243-260.

Bose, K. and F. Chakraborty. 2005. Anthropometric characteristics and nutritional Status based on body mass index of adult Bathudis: A tribal population of Keonjhar District, Orissa, India., Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 14: 80-82.

Bose, K., F. Chakraborty and S. Bisai. 2007. Age trends in anthropometric and body composition characteristics and undernutrition among female Bathudis: A tribal population of Keonjhar district, Orissa, India., Anthropologischer Anzeiger, 65(3): 285-291.

Ferro-Luzzi A, Sette S, Franklin M and James WPT. 1992. A simplified approach of assessing adult chronic deficiency. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 46: 173-186.

Gaiha, R. 1997. Hunger, undernutrition and poverty in India., Contemporary South Asia 6(2): 161-175.

Gogoi, G. and S. Sengupta. 2002. Body mass index among the Dibongiya Deoris of Assam, India., Journal of Human Ecology 13: 271-273.

James, W.P.T., C.G.N. Mascie-Taylor, N.G. Norgan, B.R. Bristrian, P. Shetty and A. FerroLuzzi. 1994. The value of arm circumference measurements in assessing chronic energy deficiency in Third World adults., European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 48: 883-894.

Keys, A., F. Fidanza, M.J. Karvonen, N. Kimura and H.L. Taylor. 1972. Indices of relative weight and obesity., Journal of Chronic Disease 25: 329-43.

Khongsdier, R. 2002. Body mass index and morbidity in adult males of the War Khasi in Northeast India., European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 56: 484-489.

Khor, G.L. 2008. Food-based approaches to combat the double burden among the poor: Challenges in the Asian context., Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 17: S111-S115.

Krishnaswami, K. 2000. Country profile: India. Nutritional disorders - old and changing., Lancet, 351: 1268- 1269.

Lee, R.D. and D.C. Nieman. 2003. Nutritional Assessment., McGraw Hill, New York.

McLorg, P.A. 2005. Anthropometric patterns in middleaged and older rural Yucatec Maya women., Annals of Human Biology 32: 487 - 497.

Miccozi, M.S. and T.M. Harris. 1990. Age variations in the relation of body mass indices to estimates of body fat and muscle mass., American Journal of Physical Anthropology 81: 375 - 379.

Misra, A., R. Sharma, R.M. Pandey and N. Khanna. 2001. Adverse profile of dietary nutrients, anthropometry and lipids in urban slum dwellers of northern India., European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 55: 727-734.

Pirlich, M. and H. Lochs. 2001. Nutrition in the elderly., Best Practice Research Clinical Gastroenterology 15: 869 - 884.

Rao, K.M., A. Laxmaiah, K. Venkaiah and G.N. Brahmam. 2006. Diet and nutritional status of adolescent tribal population in nine states of India., Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 15: 64-71.

Sahani, R. 2003. Nutritional and health status of the Jarawas: A preliminary report., Journal of Anthropological Survey of India 52: 47-65.

Schofield, C. and A. Ashworth. 1996. Why have mortality rates for severe malnutrition remained so high?, Bulletin of World Health Organization 74: 223- 229.

Shetty, P.S. and W.P.T. James. 1994. Body Mass Index - A Measure Of Chronic Energy Deficiency In Adults, FAO Food And Nutrition Paper 56, Food and Agricultural Organisation, Rome.

Strickland, S.S. and S.J. Ulijaszek. 1993. Body mass index, aging and differential reported morbidity in rural Sarawak., European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 47: 9-19.

Sudharsanam, M.B. 2006 Risk Factors for Sick Children in a Fisherman Community in Pondicherry., Indian Journal of Community Medicine 31(4): 308-309.

Weiner, J.S. and J.A. Lourie. 1981. Practical Human Biology., London: Academic Press.

World Health Organization. 1990. Diet, nutrition, and the prevention of chronic disease., Technical Report Series no 797. Geneva: World Health Organization.

World Health Organization. 2004. WHO expert consultation. Appropriate body-mass index for Asian populations and its implications for policy and intervention strategies., The Lancet363(9403): 157-163.

World Health Organization. 1995. Physical Status: the Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry. Technical Report Series no. 854., World Health Organization, Geneva.

World Bank. 2000. World Development Report 2000/2001: Attacking Poverty., Oxford University Press, New York.

Show More Hide